(Askeri) ASKERİ ŞURA, YÜKSEK ASKERİ ŞURA: Üçlü kuvvetlere ait her çeşit idari işleri istişare mahiyetinde tetkik ve müzakere etmek suretiyle, Milli Savunma Bakanlığına tekliflerde bulunan yüksek askeri kurul
greatest or maximal in degree; extreme; "supreme folly" final or last in your life or progress; "the supreme sacrifice"; "the supreme judgment" highest in excellence or achievement; "supreme among musicians"; "a supreme endeavor"; "supreme courage
Highest; greatest; most excellent or most extreme; utmost; greatist possible (sometimes in a bad sense); as, supreme love; supreme glory; supreme magnanimity; supreme folly
Highest in authority; holding the highest place in authority, government, or power
Supreme is used in the title of a person or an official group to indicate that they are at the highest level in a particular organization or system. MacArthur was Supreme Commander for the allied powers in the Pacific. the Supreme Court
The head of state and commander-in-chief of the entire armed forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran, with the authority to dismiss the Iranian president. The Supreme Leader is also the highest-ranking spiritual leader in Iran
(Kanun) The Supreme Court of Virginia is one of the oldest continuously active judicial bodies in the United States. It has its roots in the seventeenth century English legal system, which was instituted in Virginia as part of the Charter of 1606 under which Jamestown, Virginia was established. In 1623, the Virginia House of Burgesses created a five-man appellate court, which met quarterly to hear appeals from the lower courts. It was known as the Supreme Court of Appeals until 1970, when it was renamed the Supreme Court of Virginia. It is the highest court in the state, and primarily hears appeals from the trial-level city and county Circuit Courts, as well as the criminal law, family law and administrative cases that go through the Court of Appeals of Virginia
one of the nine judges of the US Supreme Court. Each Supreme Court Justice is chosen by the President of the US and must then be accepted by Congress, and they usually have this position for the rest of their lives. The most important judge is called the Chief Justice
Final court of appeal in the U.S. judicial system and final interpreter of the Constitution of the United States. The Supreme Court was created by the Constitutional Convention of 1787 as the head of a federal court system, though it was not formally established until Congress passed the Judiciary Act in 1789. It was granted authority to act in cases arising under the Constitution, laws, or treaties of the U.S.; in controversies to which the U.S. is a party; in controversies between states or between citizens of different states; in cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; and in cases affecting ambassadors or other ministers or consuls. Its size, which is set by Congress, varied between 6 and 10 members before being set at 9 in 1869. Justices are appointed by the president but must be confirmed by the Senate. The court has exercised the power of judicial review since 1803, when it first declared part of a law unconstitutional in Marbury v. Madison, though the power is not explicitly granted to it by the Constitution. Though the court can sometimes serve as a trial court through its original jurisdiction, relatively few cases reach the court in this manner; most cases arise by appeal or by certiorari. Among the most important doctrinal sources used by the Supreme Court have been the commerce, due-process, and equal-protection clauses of the Constitution. It also has often ruled on controversies involving civil liberties (see civil liberty), including freedom of speech and the right of privacy. Much of its work consists of clarifying, refining, and testing the Constitution's philosophic ideals and translating them into working principles
(US) As the name indicates, it is the highest court of justice in the U S A Its major function is to examine every law passed in the country (both federal laws and state laws) to see if it respects the U S constitution If it does not, it either has to be changed or abandoned
The highest federal court, consisting of nine judges-the Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices Justices are nominated by the President Their nomination must be confirmed by the Senate Justices are appointed for life The Supreme Court is the highest federal court It is an appellate court; that is, it reviews decisions made by lower courts Its decisions are final and take precedence over those of all other judicial bodies Decisions require a simple majority In recent years, many decisions have been issued with a 5-4 vote For certain decisions, the court issues a formal statement, or "opinion," explaining in detail the legal reasoning underlying the decision A Justice who agrees with the majority's decision but not with the legal reasoning underlying it may write a "concurring opinion " A Justice who disagrees with the majority's decision may issue a "dissenting opinion "
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