Fiyat sıkıştırması: Dikey olarak birleşen firmaların, aramallar açısından kendilerine bağımlı olan öteki firmaların düşük kâr sağlamalarına ya da zarar etmelerine yol açacak biçimde sattıkları aramallara fiyat koymaları
When lenders use the term "price," they mean the combination of the interest rate and points you'll pay to get your loan The rate determines your monthly payment; the points are included in your closing costs
a reward for helping to catch a criminal; "the cattle thief has a price on his head"
the amount of money needed to purchase something; "the price of gasoline"; "he got his new car on excellent terms"; "how much is the damage?"
If something is priced at a particular amount, the price is set at that amount. The shares are expected to be priced at about 330p Digital priced the new line at less than half the cost of comparable mainframes There is a very reasonably priced menu. + pricing pric·ing It's hard to maintain competitive pricing. see also retail price index, selling price
The price that you pay for something that you want is an unpleasant thing that you have to do or suffer in order to get it. Slovenia will have to pay a high price for independence = penalty
value measured by what must be given or done or undergone to obtain something; "the cost in human life was enormous"; "the price of success is hard work"; "what price glory?"
The exchange value of a good or service, most commonly expressed as the amount of money an individual or organisation is prepared to pay to buy a unit of that good or service The price of a drug on the PBS illustrates why the purchaser may need to be identified as the following could all apply: dispensed price; list price or price to chemist; price to wholesaler or ex-manufacturer's price For an economic evaluation submitted to the PBAC the dispensed price is generally used for the proposed drug and any other relevant PBS drugs
United States operatic soprano (born 1927) the amount of money needed to purchase something; "the price of gasoline"; "he got his new car on excellent terms"; "how much is the damage?"
The amount of money or consideration-in-kind for which a service is bought, sold, or offered for sale See also Shadow Price
The sum or amount of money at which a thing is valued, or the value which a seller sets on his goods in market; that for which something is bought or sold, or offered for sale; equivalent in money or other means of exchange; current value or rate paid or demanded in market or in barter; cost
the high value or worth of something; "her price is far above rubies" value measured by what must be given or done or undergone to obtain something; "the cost in human life was enormous"; "the price of success is hard work"; "what price glory?" a reward for helping to catch a criminal; "the cattle thief has a price on his head" United States operatic soprano (born 1927) the amount of money needed to purchase something; "the price of gasoline"; "he got his new car on excellent terms"; "how much is the damage?" cost of bribing someone; "they say that every politician has a price" ascertain or learn the price of; "Have you priced personal computers lately?" determine the price of; "The grocer priced his wares high
The amount of money, or other goods, that you have to give up to buy a good or service
The market value of metals in a refining lot For RefiningLots com, the price as quoted daily on the " London Fixing " For metals with two fixings, the Second Fix governs For rhodium and ruthenium, the Johnson Matthey Daily Base For copper, the New York Mercantile Exchange cash settlement price
The amount the government or the community pays for the delivery of agreed outputs
The pot odds you are getting for a draw or call Example: "The pot was laying me a high enough price, so I stayed in with my gutshot straight draw "
The dollar amount one or more parties is willing to pay/receive to purchase/sell a security Price is typically expressed per $100 of Par Value
A multi-tiered measure of price satisfaction For modeling value, actual price points should not be used Customers respond to the relativity of price, not the actual price point
This reflects the price paid for the wine, or possibly an advertised price or an educated guess In the case of a "library" wine reviewed after a cellaring period, the price will probably not reflect today's market
the property of having material worth (often indicated by the amount of money something would bring if sold); "the fluctuating monetary value of gold and silver"; "he puts a high price on his services"; "he couldn't calculate the cost of the collection"
The dollar amount at which the ownership of securities is exchanged In the case of most bonds which have a par value of 100, price is the percentage of par value at which the ownership is exchanged
This is the Closing or Last Bid Price It is also referred to as the Current Price For NYSE, AMEX, and Nasdaq traded companies, the price is the previous Friday's closing price For companies traded on the National Quotation Bureau's "Pink Sheets", and OTC bulletin boards, it is the bid price obtained at the time the report is updated
the money or other compensation or unit of value exchanged for the purchase or use of a product, service, idea, or person
The reported price for a reported transaction must be inclusive of a mark-up or markdown, but is exclusive of a commission, since a commission is reported in a separate field TRACE will, however, incorporate the commission into the disseminated price
If you can buy something that you want at a price, it is for sale, but it is extremely expensive. Most goods are available, but at a price
- certain products are classified as being Premium-priced (i e higher than a typical price point for a product of that type), or Economy-priced (i e low priced, budget items, often everyday "basics" in simple packaging)
to price yourself out of the market: see market. American operatic soprano who performed with the New York Metropolitan Opera (1961-1985), earning greatest praise for her roles in Verdi's operas. Amount of money that has to be paid to acquire a given good, service, or resource. Operating as a measure of value, prices perform a significant economic function, distributing the scarce supply of goods, services, and resources to those who most want them through the adjustments of supply and demand. Prices of resources are called wages, interest, and rent. This system, known as the price mechanism, is based on the principle that only by allowing prices to move freely will the supply of any given commodity match demand. If supply is excessive, prices will be low and production will be reduced; this will cause prices to rise until there is a balance of demand and supply. If supply is inadequate, prices will be high, prompting an increase in production that in turn will lead to a reduction in prices until supply and demand are in equilibrium. A totally free price mechanism does not exist in practice; even in free-market economies, monopolies or government regulation may limit the efficiency of price as a determinant of supply and demand. In centrally planned economies, the price mechanism may be supplanted by centralized government control. Attempts to operate an economy without a price mechanism usually result in surpluses of unwanted goods, shortages of desired products, black markets, and stunted economic growth. consumer price index Johnson James Price Emily Price price discrimination price index Price Mary Violet Leontyne Price Vincent Leonard resale price maintenance wage price control marginal cost pricing
The amount of money charged for a product or service, or the sum of the values that consumers exchange for the benefits of having or using the product or service
(1) A monetary amount given, received, or asked for in exchange for supplies or services (2) Cost plus any fee or profit applicable to the contract type
An indicator, derived by aggregating sets of representative unit prices with an appropriate weighting base, which measures changes in price levels over time Price indexes are stated in terms of a base point of time where the price level is arbitrarily set at 100
A number relating prices of a group of commodities to their prices during an arbitrarily chosen base period. a list of particular goods and services and how much their prices change each month retail price index. Measure of change in a set of prices, consisting of a series of numbers arranged so that a comparison of the values for any two periods or places will show the change in prices between periods or the difference in prices between places. Price indexes were first developed to measure changes in the cost of living in order to determine the wage increases necessary to maintain a constant standard of living. There are two basic types. Laspeyres-type indexes define a market basket of goods in a base period, then use the prices for those goods to examine change over space and time. In its simplest form, this is simply the ratio of what those goods cost today to what they cost in the base period. The two most familiar indexes of this type are the consumer price index (CPI) and the producer price index (PPI). The CPI measures changes in retail prices in such component parts as food, clothing, and shelter. The PPI (formerly called the wholesale price index) measures changes in the prices charged by manufacturers and wholesalers. Paasche-type indexes define a market basket of goods in the current period, then use the prices of those goods from past periods. The most familiar index of this type is the GDP deflator, used in the U.S. in the national income accounting to differentiate amounts in constant dollars from those in current dollars
Current price expressed as a proportion to the same price in an earlier time period, commonly called the base period Monthly price indexes computed by the National Agricultural Statistics Service are the index of prices received by farmers and the index of prices paid by farmers for commodities and services, interest, taxes, and farm wage rates The ratio of these two indexes is referred to as the parity ratio
The manual or automatic process of applying prices to purchase and sales orders, based on factors such as: a fixed amount, quantity break, promotion or sales campaign, specific vendor quote, price prevailing on entry, shipment or invoice date, combination of multiple orders or lines, and many others Automated systems require more setup and maintenance but may prevent pricing errors
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That part of the marketing mix concerned with choosing the appropriate price for a product to meet the firms profit objectives and buyers purchasing objectives; deciding what the company will receive in exchange for its product
A price of a product or service can be set by three or more methods or a combination of them Price can be set by cost, usually a bottoms-up approach Price can be set by looking at the value added to the customer by the product or service Prices can also be set by competitive expectations Finally, pricing can also be set by looking at the elasticity of the market to determine the maximum profit at a given price and volume function Usually a pricing package includes two or more of these approaches to verify the price range
This is a tactic in the simplex method, by which each variable is evaluated for its potential to improve the value of the objective function Let p = c_B[B^-1], where B is a basis, and c_B is a vector of costs associated with the basic variables The vector p is sometimes called a dual solution, though it is not feasible in the dual before termination p is also called a simplex multiplier or pricing vector The price of the j-th variable is c_j - pA_j The first term is its direct cost (c_j) and the second term is an indirect cost, using the pricing vector to determine the cost of inputs and outputs in the activity's column (A_j) The net result is called the reduced cost, and its value determines whether this activity could improve the objective value
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