Ayrımcılığa karşı yasaları, işe alma, konut edinme, eğitim ve ceza adalet sistemini de desteklemeliyiz. Anayasa ve en üst düzey ideallerimiz gerektirdiği budur. - We need to uphold laws against discrimination — in hiring, and in housing, and in education, and in the criminal justice system. That is what our Constitution and highest ideals require.
ABD Anayasasında 14. yasa değişiklikliği 1868 yılında onaylanmıştır. - The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified in 1868.
The central law of our country that sets up the creation, character, and organization of its power and how that power is exercised The rules and principles, descriptions of the government's power, and the main rights that the people of a country or state have
United States 44-gun frigate that was one of the first three naval ships built by the United States; it won brilliant victories over British frigates during the War of 1812 and is without doubt the most famous ship in the history of the United States Navy; it has been rebuilt and is anchored in the Charlestown Navy Yard in Boston the way in which someone or something is composed
The fundamental, organic law or principles of government of men, embodied in written documents, or implied in the institutions and usages of the country or society; also, a written instrument embodying such organic law, and laying down fundamental rules and principles for the conduct of affairs
The Acts and other laws relating to the constitution of Queensland; the Commonwealth Constitution Constitutional laws are usually treated as a special kind of law, and deal with the nature and structure of government
The system of fundamental laws and principles that prescribes the nature, functions, and limits of a government or another institution, or the document on which such a system is recorded
An authoritative ordinance, regulation or enactment; especially, one made by a Roman emperor, or one affecting ecclesiastical doctrine or discipline; as, the constitutions of Justinian
The set of basic rules by which a country or state is governed In Australia's case it is a document written in the 1890s which sets out the structure of Australian federal politics The Constitution can only be amended through a constitutional referendum
A written instrument defining and limiting the duties and powers of a government and guaranteeing certain rights to the people who are subject to that government's laws New Jersey's first constitution was adopted in 1776, its present one in 1947
A written instrument defining and limiting the duties and powers of a government, and guaranteeing certain rights to the people who are subject to the edicts of such government
The act or process of constituting; the action of enacting, establishing, or appointing; enactment; establishment; formation
The basic law or laws of a nation or a state which sets out how that state will be organized by deciding the powers and authorities of government between different political units, and by stating and the basic principles of society Constitutions are not necessarily written and may be based on aged customs and conventions, as is the case in England and New Zealand (the USA, Canada and Australia all have written constitutions)
Your constitution is your health. He must have an extremely strong constitution. Set of doctrines and practices that form the fundamental organizing principle of a political state. It may be written (e.g., the Constitution of the United States) or partly written and uncodified (e.g., Britain's constitution). Its provisions usually specify how the government is to be organized, what rights it shall have, and what rights shall be retained by the people. Modern constitutional ideas developed during the Enlightenment, when philosophers such as Thomas Hobbes, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and John Locke proposed that constitutional governments should be stable, adaptable, accountable, and open, should represent the governed, and should divide power according to its purpose. The oldest constitution still in force is that of the state of Massachusetts (1780). See also social contract. Atlanta Journal Constitution Constitution Act Civil Constitution of the Clergy Constitution USS Constitution of 1791 Constitution of 1795 Constitution of the United States Constitution of the Year VIII Meiji Constitution Topeka Constitution Clarendon Constitutions of Melfi Constitutions of
a legal document that outlines the name, purpose, authority, relationships and financial structure of an organization; Women of the ELCA Constitutions and Bylaws (churchwide organization, synodical women's organization, congregational or intercongregational unit, special unit)
the act of forming something; "the constitution of a PTA group last year"; "it was the establishment of his reputation"; "he still remembers the organization of the club"
The aggregate of all one's inherited physical qualities; the aggregate of the vital powers of an individual, with reference to ability to endure hardship, resist disease, etc
The physical body and mental temperament that is expressive of the natural traits and predisposition of the individual
The set of fundamental laws and principles that prescribe the functions, offices, and limits of government The national government has been created and now functions under our federal constitution Our state government in Ohio has been created and functions under our state constitution
7 the system of fundamental principles according to which a nation, state or body politic is governed: the Australian constitution 8 a document embodying those principles
The legal framework that establishes the government of the United States and defines the rights of individual citizens; the document against which all government activity and many private sector initiatives is measured
The system of fundamental principles by which a political body or organization governs itself Most national constitutions are written; the English and Israeli constitutions are unwritten
French constitution created by the National Assembly during the French Revolution. It retained the monarchy, but sovereignty effectively resided in the Legislative Assembly, which was elected by a system of indirect voting. The franchise was restricted to "active" citizens who paid a minimal sum in taxes; about two-thirds of adult men had the right to vote for electors and to choose certain local officials directly. The constitution lasted less than a year
French constitution established during the Thermidorian Reaction in the French Revolution. Known as the Constitution of Year III in the French republican calendar, it was prepared by the Thermidorian Convention. It was more conservative than the abortive democratic Constitution of 1793. The Constitution of 1795 established a liberal republic with a franchise based on the payment of taxes, similar to that of the Constitution of 1791; a bicameral legislature to slow down the legislative process; and a five-man Directory. The central government retained great power, including emergency powers to curb freedom of the press and freedom of association
the highest law of the government of the US, often unofficially called the Constitution. The Constitution was first written at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, and it officially came into use in 1789. It consists of seven articles and 27 amendments (=additions and changes to the original). Fundamental law of the U.S. federal system of government and a landmark document of the Western world. It is the oldest written national constitution in operation, completed in 1787 at the Constitutional Convention of 55 delegates who met in Philadelphia, ostensibly to amend the Articles of Confederation. The Constitution was ratified in June 1788, but because ratification in many states was contingent on the promised addition of a Bill of Rights, Congress proposed 12 amendments in September 1789; 10 were ratified by the states, and their adoption was certified on Dec. 15, 1791. The framers were especially concerned with limiting the power of the government and securing the liberty of citizens. The Constitution's separation of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government, the checks and balances of each branch against the other, and the explicit guarantees of individual liberty were all designed to strike a balance between authority and liberty. Article I vests all legislative powers in the Congress the House of Representatives and the Senate. Article II vests executive power in the president. Article III places judicial power in the hands of the courts. Article IV deals, in part, with relations among the states and with the privileges of the citizens, Article V with amendment procedure, and Article VI with public debts and the supremacy of the Constitution. Article VII stipulates that the Constitution would become operational after being ratified by nine states. The 10th Amendment limits the national government's powers to those expressly listed in the Constitution; the states, unless otherwise restricted, possess all the remaining (or "residual") powers of government. Amendments to the Constitution may be proposed by a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress or by a convention called by Congress on the application of the legislatures of two-thirds of the states. (All subsequent amendments have been initiated by Congress.) Amendments proposed by Congress must be ratified by three-fourths of the state legislatures or by conventions in as many states. Twenty-seven amendments have been added to the Constitution since 1789. In addition to the Bill of Rights, these include the 13th (1865), abolishing slavery; the 14th (1868), requiring due process and equal protection under the law; the 15th (1870), guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race; the 17th (1913), providing for the direct election of U.S. senators; the 19th (1920), instituting women's suffrage, and the 22nd (1951), limiting the presidency to two terms. See also civil liberty; commerce clause; Equal Rights Amendment; establishment clause; freedom of speech; judiciary; states' rights
v. (1799) French constitution established after the Coup of 18-19 Brumaire during the French Revolution. Drafted by Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes, it disguised the true character of the military dictatorship created by Napoleon, reassuring the partisans of the Revolution by proclaiming the irrevocability of the sale of national property and by upholding the legislation against the émigré nobility. It created the regime known as the Consulate, which concentrated all real power in the hands of Napoleon. Submitted to a plebiscite, it won overwhelmingly in 1800
Daily morning newspaper published in Atlanta, Ga. , based largely on the former Atlanta Constitution. Generally regarded as the "voice of the New South," the Constitution counted among the great newspapers of the U.S. It became a leader among Southern papers soon after its founding in 1868, and a succession of outstanding editors contributed to its distinction: Henry W. Grady (1850-89), in the late 1870s and 1880s; Clark Howell (1897-1938); and Ralph McGill, who served as both editor (1942-60) and publisher (1960-69). In 1950 it was bought by James M. Cox, who already owned the evening Atlanta Journal (founded 1883); for many years a merged paper, the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, was published on weekends until the two papers were fully merged in 2001
(July 12, 1790) Act, passed by the National Assembly during the French Revolution, that subordinated the Roman Catholic church in France to the state. Under its provisions, enfranchised citizens would elect bishops and parish priests and the state would pay the clergy's wages. The act soon provoked opposition, and when the National Assembly ordered the clergy to take an oath supporting the Civil Constitution, many refused. The resulting schism within the French church caused many devout Catholics to turn against the Revolution
Constitution of Japan from 1890 to 1947. After the Meiji Restoration (1868), Japan's leaders sought to create a constitution that would define Japan as a capable, modern nation deserving of Western respect while preserving their own power. The resultant document called for a bicameral parliament (the Diet) with an elected lower house and a prime minister and cabinet appointed by the emperor. The emperor was granted supreme control of the army and navy. A privy council composed of the Meiji leaders (see genro), created prior to the constitution, advised the emperor and wielded actual power. Voting restrictions, which limited the electorate to about 5% of the adult male population, were loosened over the next 25 years, resulting in universal male suffrage. Political parties made the most of their limited power in the 1920s, but in the 1930s the military was able to exert control without violating the constitution. After World War II, a U.S.-approved constitution stating that "sovereign power resides with the people" replaced the Meiji Constitution. See also It Hirobumi
(1855) Resolution to establish an antislavery territorial government in Kansas. To counter the proslavery government established after passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, antislavery settlers met in Topeka to draft a constitution that banned slavery. In January 1856 they elected a free-state governor and legislature, which created two governments. Pres. Franklin Pierce condemned the Topeka document and supported the proslavery government. The U.S. House of Representatives voted to admit Kansas under the Topeka Constitution, but the Senate blocked the move. The unresolved situation led to the conflict known as Bleeding Kansas
known as Old Ironsides One of the first frigates built for the U.S. Navy. Launched in 1797, it was 204 ft (62 m) long and usually carried more than 50 guns and a crew of over 450. It was the successful flagship of the Tripolitan War (1801-05), and in the War of 1812 it vanquished the British frigate Guerrière; tradition holds that it was nicknamed by sailors who saw the British shot failing to penetrate its oak sides. It was condemned as unseaworthy in 1828, but Oliver Wendell Holmes's poem "Old Ironsides" sparked a public preservation campaign. Restored in 1927-31, it is now berthed in Boston and open to the public
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