(Osmanlı Dönemi) Fr. Düzeltme, tanzim. Asıl şeklini verme. Islah etme. Avrupa'da başlayan dinde reform hareketini, İslâm dinine tatbik etmenin yeri yoktur. Çünkü İslâm dini, bütün zaman ve mekânların insanlarına her cihetle cevap verecek câmiiyette olduğundan ve ilmi esaslara dayanmış olarak asliyetini muhafaza ettiğinden, İslâm dininde reform olamaz. Ancak dinde yeni izah ve isbat şekli vardır. (Bak: Müceddid, Ehl-i bid'a)
Daha iyi duruma getirmek için yapılan değişiklik, iyileştirme, düzeltme, ıslahat
To put into a new and improved form or condition; to restore to a former good state, or bring from bad to good; to change from worse to better; to amend; to correct; as, to reform a profligate man; to reform corrupt manners or morals
Amendment of what is defective, vicious, corrupt, or depraved; reformation; as, reform of elections; reform of government
self-improvement in behavior or morals by abandoning some vice; "the family rejoiced in the drunkard's reform"
bring, lead, or force to abandon a wrong or evil course of life, conduct, and adopt a right one; "The Church reformed me"; "reform your conduct
Branch of Judaism which broke away from Orthodoxy during the 19th Century in Germany, based in part on the argument that many of the Mitzvot were outdated, and that assimilation into the surrounding culture was the only way to survive increasingly violent waves of anti-Semitism Since the Holocaust, some of the philosophy of the Reform movement has undergone some rethinking, and some Reform Jews are now reclaiming long-abandoned practices such as keeping kosher and signing Ketubot before weddings
improve by alteration or correction of errors or defects and put into a better condition; "reform the health system in this country"
If someone reforms something such as a law, social system, or institution, they change or improve it. his plans to reform the country's economy A reformed party would have to win the approval of the people
a campaign aimed to correct abuses or malpractices; "the reforms he proposed were too radical for the politicians"
Reform consists of changes and improvements to a law, social system, or institution. A reform is an instance of such a change or improvement. The party embarked on a programme of economic reform The Socialists introduced fairly radical reforms
A movement begun in nineteenth-century Germany that sought to reconcile Jewish tradition with modernity Reform Judaism does not recognise the divine authority of HALACHAH
a change for the better as a result of correcting abuses; "justice was for sale before the reform of the law courts" self-improvement in behavior or morals by abandoning some vice; "the family rejoiced in the drunkard's reform" a campaign aimed to correct abuses or malpractices; "the reforms he proposed were too radical for the politicians" change for the better; "The lazy student promised to reform"; "the habitual cheater finally saw the light" make changes for improvement in order to remove abuse and injustices; "reform a political system" improve by alteration or correction of errors or defects and put into a better condition; "reform the health system in this country" break up the molecules of; "reform oil" produce by cracking; "reform gas" bring, lead, or force to abandon a wrong or evil course of life, conduct, and adopt a right one; "The Church reformed me"; "reform your conduct
a change for the better as a result of correcting abuses; "justice was for sale before the reform of the law courts"
make changes for improvement in order to remove abuse and injustices; "reform a political system"
To return to a good state; to amend or correct ones own character or habits; as, a person of settled habits of vice will seldom reform
A modernizing movement and a liberal branch of Judaism A modernizing movement and a liberal branch of Judaism
When someone reforms or when something reforms them, they stop doing things that society does not approve of, such as breaking the law or drinking too much alcohol. When his court case was coming up, James promised to reform We will try to reform him within the community. + reformed re·formed a reformed alcoholic. see also re-form. W2 a change or changes made to a system or organization in order to improve it reform of. Deuteronomic Reform land reform Reform Bill of 1832 Reform Bill of 1867 Reform Bill of 1884-85 Reform Judaism Reform Party
n a correction of faults or evils, as in government or society; social or political improvement
bring, lead, or force to abandon a wrong or evil course of life, conduct, and adopt a right one; "The Church reformed me"; "reform your conduct"
British parliamentary act that expanded the electorate. It transferred voting privileges from the small rural boroughs controlled by the nobility and gentry to the heavily populated but underrepresented industrial towns. Conceived by Prime Minister Earl Grey and introduced by Earl Russell, it passed in the House of Commons three times but was opposed by the House of Lords until Grey's threat to create 50 new liberal peers (enough to carry the bill) finally brought their agreement. The act redistributed seats in the Commons and lowered the electoral qualifications to allow voting by small property owners (much of the middle class)
British parliamentary act that extended the vote to many workingmen in the towns and cities, creating a major working-class constituency for the first time. It was largely conceived by Benjamin Disraeli, who hoped to expand his base of potential supporters
British parliamentary act that gave the vote to agricultural workers. In 1885 the Redistribution Act equalized representation on the basis of 50,000 voters for each member of parliament. Together the two acts tripled the electorate and prepared the way for universal male suffrage
The branch of Judaism introduced in the 19th century that seeks to reconcile historical Judaism with modern life and does not require strict observance of traditional religious law and ritual. Religious movement that has modified or abandoned many traditional Jewish beliefs and practices in an effort to adapt Judaism to the modern world. It originated in Germany in 1809 and spread to the U.S. in the 1840s under the leadership of Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise. Reform Judaism permits men and women to sit together in the synagogue, incorporates choir and organ music in the service, holds a confirmation ceremony for girls parallel to the boys' Bar Mitzvah, and does not observe daily public worship, strict dietary laws, or the restriction of normal activities on the Sabbath. Its principles, initially enunciated in the Pittsburgh Platform (1885), were revised in the Columbus Platform (1937) to support traditional customs and ceremonies and the liturgical use of Hebrew. The Reform movement continues to move toward Orthodox Judaism without embracing all its strictures
Political movement in Canada in the 1830s and '40s. Reformers in Upper Canada (later Ontario) led by Robert Baldwin urged that provincial governments be made accountable to elected legislative assemblies ("responsible government"). An extremist group led by William L. Mackenzie opposed the government in the rebellion of 1837. Reformers in Lower Canada (later Quebec) joined Louis Papineau and his Patriote Party. Reform Party candidates were elected premier (1842-43, 1848-54) in the province of Canada (union of Upper and Lower Canada). In the 1850s the party split between a moderate group, which allied with John Macdonald's Progressive Conservative Party, and a radical faction, the Clear Grits, from which the Liberal Party emerged
An improvement (or an intended improvement) in the existing form or condition of institutions or practices etc.; intended to make a striking change for the better in social or political or religious affairs
Religious reformation in Judah during the reign of King Josiah ( 640-609 BC). As Assyria's hold on Israel weakened, Josiah waged a campaign against foreign cults and had their altars and idols removed from the Temple. He called for a return to the observance of Mosaic Law, based on the book of the Law discovered in the Temple of Jerusalem ( 622 BC), believed to be the same book as the law code in the Book of Deuteronomy. Rural sanctuaries and fertility cults were destroyed and the worship of Yahweh (the God of Israel) was centralized at Jerusalem
Land reform is a change in the system of land ownership, especially when it involves giving land to the people who actually farm it and taking it away from people who own large areas for profit. the new land reform policy under which thousands of peasant families are to be resettled. the political principle of sharing farm land so that more people own some of it. Deliberate change in the way agricultural land is held or owned, the methods of its cultivation, or the relation of agriculture to the rest of the economy. The most common political objective of land reform is to abolish feudal or colonial forms of landownership, often by taking land away from large landowners and redistributing it to landless peasants. Other goals include improving the social status of peasants and coordinating agricultural production with industrialization programs. The earliest record of land reform is from 6th-century-BC Athens, where Solon abolished the debt system that forced peasants to mortgage their land and labour. The concentration of land in the hands of large landowners became the rule in the ancient world, however, and remained so through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The French Revolution brought land reform to France and established the small family farm as the cornerstone of French democracy. Serfdom was abolished throughout most of Europe in the 19th century. The Russian serfs were emancipated in 1861, and the Russian Revolution of 1917 introduced collectivization of agriculture, attended by loss of capital and devastating famines. Land reform was instituted in a number of other countries where communists came to power, notably China. It remains a potent political issue in many parts of the world. See also absentee ownership
a term which covers an involved series of changes in Western Christendom between the 14th and 17th centuries highlighted by Martin Luther's posting of his 95 Thesis in 1517 (Cross, The Oxford Dictionary Of The Christian Church)
The Protestant reformation officially broke out in AD 1517 The printing press was an integral part of the reformation, since it allowed the writings of the reformers to travel quickly The first printed book using metal type was the Bible in AD 1483 Other writers paved the way, including John of Wesel from Rhineland, Germany who wrote that the Bible alone is the authority in matters of faith Wrote against indulgences On October 31, 1517 Martin Luther (AD 1483-1546), professor of biblical studies at the Univ of Wittenburg, Germany, announced a disputation on indulgences He stated his argument in his 95 theses, which he nailed to the church door The news spread quickly Luther was excommunicated in AD 1520 by the pope Luther wrote in German, and translated the Bible into German In AD 1529, Emperor Charles V tried to stop Luther, but people stood up in protest, getting the name 'Protestant'
A legal action to correct or modify a contract or deed which has not accurately reflected the intentions of the parties due to some mechanical error, such as a typo graphical error in the legal description
Call to reform the church, first(?) used by Joachim of Fiore (d 1202) All reformers wished to achieve a thorough renewal of the Church, reform the clergy, study scripture, foster a life of prayer, and teach and preach the gospel
In 1517, Martin Luther began a reform that was to separate the Christian church into two major divisions: Catholic and Protestant This reform had a dramatic impact on the history of music In the Calvinist version of this reform, congregations sang texts, particularly psalms, that adhered rigidly to the Bible Psalm singing involved rhymed metrical translations of psalm texts that were published in psalters In 1534, the Church of England separated from the Roman Catholic Church, paving the way for even more church music to be sung in the vernacular The anthem, sung in English, became the Anglican counterpart of the Latin motet
With regard to split-interest trusts, this refers to the process to correct those trusts so that they will qualify for tax exemption as well as tax deductions In the first years of the Tax Reform Act of 1969, there were no statutory rules permitting reformation of these trusts As Congress began to realize the complexity of these trusts, it created a few limited opportunities for reformation Then, in the Tax Reform Act of 1984 created made some of the rules permanent in Internal Revenue Code Sections 170(f)(7), 2055(e)(3), and 2522(c)(4) The criteria for reformation, including deadlines, are very strict See also: Split-Interest Trust Topic areas: Fundraising and Financial Sustainability
Short for "Protestant Reformation," the 16th century European Christian movement which sought initially to reform the church but which eventually led to a split between the Roman Catholic church and the "Protestants "
The act of reforming, or the state of being reformed; change from worse to better; correction or amendment of life, manners, or of anything vicious or corrupt; as, the reformation of manners; reformation of the age; reformation of abuses
The Reformation is the movement to reform the Catholic Church in the sixteenth century, which led to the Protestant church being set up. a famous statue of the Virgin which was destroyed during the Reformation. or Protestant Reformation Break with Roman Catholicism and the establishment of Protestant churches in the 16th century. Though reformers such as Jan Hus and John Wycliffe attacked abuses in the Roman Catholic church in the late medieval period, the Reformation is usually dated from 1517, when, according to tradition, Martin Luther posted his Ninety-five Theses on the church door in Wittenberg. Various Protestant denominations were soon founded by more radical reformers, such as Huldrych Zwingli and the Anabaptists. John Calvin established a theocracy in Geneva after his conversion to the Protestant cause. The Reformation spread to other European countries and soon dominated northern Europe. Spain and Italy remained resistant to Protestantism and became centres of the Counter-Reformation. In England, where Henry VIII founded the Church of England in 1534, the Reformation's roots were primarily political rather than religious, motivated by the pope's refusal to grant Henry a divorce. In Scotland the Calvinist John Knox led in the establishment of the Presbyterian church (see Presbyterianism). Protestant Reformation Counter Reformation Catholic Reformation
A religious revolution that took place in Western Europe in the 16th century It arose from objections to doctrines and practices in the medieval Roman Catholic Church and ultimately led to form Protestantism
Movement to reform the Roman Catholic Church from worldly distractions including the selling of indulgences to assist in paying for the construction of St Peter's Basilica in Rome Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses to the door of the cathedral at Worms
improvement (or an intended improvement) in the existing form or condition of institutions or practices etc ; intended to make a striking change for the better in social or political or religious affairs
A term used to refer to a tradition of theology which draws inspiration from the writings of John Calvin (1510-64) and his successors (see pp 68-72) The term is generally used in preference to "Calvinist "
Referring to the Reformation, it's theology, and/or those subscribing to it Also used to differentiate a,) Calvinism from Lutheranism, or b ) Continental European Calvinism from Scottish Calvinism, aka Presbyterianism ( SEE: Reformation Theology, Calvin, Calvinism )
A system of theology that recognizes and stresses God's sovereignty over His creation Views history from a covenental basis rather than dispensational Adheres to Westminster Confession of Faith and the 5 points of Calvinism See also Warfield on the Reformed Faith or another brief definition
(as used in theology: ) characterized by agreement with or adherence to the doctrine, worship, ethic or polity of the Protestant Reformation, more particularly the Swiss or Calvinist branch there-of (in distinction from Lutheranism, Anabaptism)
A system that performs gasification via a low-temp steam reforming chemical reaction The reforming reaction is conducted between liquid hydrocarbons and steam over a catalyst bed to form methane, hydrogen and carbon oxides
is the chemical conversion of hydrocarbons The aim of reforming is to improve the quality of, for example, the petrol fractions, i e to produce a petrol with a higher octane number from a petrol with a low octane number
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