homos a very offensive word for a homosexual. Genus of the family Hominidae of primates characterized by a relatively large cranium (braincase), limb structure adapted to an erect posture and a two-footed gait, well-developed and fully opposable thumb, hand capable of power and precision grips, and the ability to make precision tools. The genus includes modern humans (Homo sapiens), the extinct species H. habilis and H. erectus, and the extinct forms of H. sapiens called Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon. Homo erectus Homo habilis Homo sapiens
(Ekonomi) Homo economicus, or Economic man, is the concept in some economic theories of man (that is, a human) as a rational and self-interested actor who desires wealth, avoids unnecessary labor, and has the ability to make judgments towards those ends
Homo faber (Latin for "Man the Smith" or "Man the Maker"; in reference to the biological name for man, "Homo sapiens" meaning "man the wise") is a concept articulated by Hannah Arendt and Max Frisch. It refers to humans as controlling the environment through tools. Henri Bergson also referred to it in The Creative Evolution (1907), defining intelligence, in its original sense, as the "faculty to create artificial objects, in particular tools to make tools, and to indefinitely variate its makings."
(Latin; "erect man") Extinct species of early hominid that is generally thought to be a direct ancestor of modern Homo sapiens. H. erectus flourished from 1,600,000 years ago to 250,000 years ago, ranging widely from Africa (where the species originated) to Asia to parts of Europe. Most of the anatomical differences between H. erectus and H. sapiens concern the skull and teeth, H. erectus showing a low, thick braincase (800-1,100 cc) with jutting browridges and a wide nose, palate, and jaw together with large teeth that are nevertheless hominid and not apelike. The limb bones are similar to those of H. sapiens, indicating that H. erectus was of medium stature and walked upright. The species is associated with the Acheulean tool tradition and was the first hominid to master fire and inhabit caves. See also human evolution; Java man; Zhoukoudian
5-1.5 million years ago and is generally regarded as the earliest member of the genus Homo. H. habilis remains were first discovered in 1959 and 1960 at Olduvai Gorge in northern Tanzania; additional remains have since been found in the Lake Turkana region of northern Kenya and, arguably, at Sterkfontein in South Africa. The cranial capacity of H. habilis ranged from 600 to 800 cc. Limb bones suggest that the species walked efficiently bipedally, and the fossil of a hand suggests that H. habilis was capable of precise manipulation of objects. Crude tools found along with H. habilis remains provide further evidence that this species could shape stone. See also human evolution; Oldowan industry
Homo sapiens is used to refer to modern human beings as a species, in contrast to other species of ape or animal, or earlier forms of human. What distinguishes homo sapiens from every other living creature is the mind. the type of human being that exists now. (Latin; "man the wise") Genus and species to which all modern human beings (Homo sapiens sapiens) belong. The oldest known fossil remains date to 120,000 years ago, or much earlier ( 400,000 years ago) if evidence of certain "archaic" varieties is included.H. sapiens is distinguished from earlier hominid species by characteristics and habits such as bipedal stance and gait, brain capacity averaging about 1,350 cc, high forehead, small teeth and jaw, defined chin, construction and use of tools, and ability to use symbols. Most scholars believe that modern humans developed in Africa 150,000 years ago and spread to the Middle East 100,000 years ago and to other parts of Eurasia 40,000-50,000 years ago (this is known as the "single-origin" model). Some consider this dispersion to have occurred even more recently (50,000-65,000 years ago). Others contend that modern humans developed from various regional populations of archaic H. sapiens in Eurasia beginning 250,000 years ago (the "regional-continuity" model). In the first model the genetic differences that exist between the peoples of the world would not be very old; in the second model they would be significantly older. In any case, by 11,000 BC H. sapiens sapiens had peopled virtually the entire globe. See also Cro-Magnon; culture; human evolution; Neanderthal
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