The novelty requirement is one of the most important checks and balances in the patent system In a nutshell, a patent cannot be granted on an invention that had already been invented by someone else Even an independent reinvention of something that can be found in the prior art is unpatentable [35 USC 102] The underlying policy is that technology that is already available to the public should not be taken away from it by the granting of exclusionary rights
to qualify for a patent, an invention must be "novel," e g , the invention has not been previously known or used by others, has not been described in a printed publication by the applicant, and has not been in public use or sale more than one year prior to the filing of a patent application
The concept that the claims defining an invention in a patent application must be totally new Most patent offices define this as not being revealed or publicly available anywhere in the world before the priority date but in the USA novelty is normally determined by the date of invention
These cards include mechanicals, and cards that have items attached, such as bags of salt, real hair, metal medallions, paper applique, silk, or even pennies Some novelty cards are die cut shapes or have holes in which fingers can be inserted to making the postcard figure appear to have arms, legs, or even a nose
If an application for a patent is to be granted, the invention must be novel This means that the invention must not have been publicly disclosed, anywhere in the world, before the date of filing of the patent application (or before the priority date, if the application has one)
A device containing small amounts of pyrotechnic and/or explosive composition but not falling under the category of consumer fireworks Such devices produce limited visible or audible effects Examples are snakes, tanks, poppers, and snappers
These cards include mechanicals and cards that have item attached, such as bags of salt, real hair, metal medallions, paper applique, silk, or even pennies Some novelty cards are die cut shapes or have holes in which fingers can be inserted to make the postcard figures appear to have real arms, legs, or even a nose
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