Babür, Hümayun, Ekber, Cihangir, Şah Cihan ve Aurangzeb en önemli Babür imparatorları olarak düşünülmektedir. - Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb are considered the most important Mughal emperors.
Durrani İmparatorluğu 1747 yılında Ahmed Şah Durrani tarafından Afganistan'da kurulmuştur. - The Durrani Empire was established in Afghanistan by Ahmad Shah Durrani in 1747.
In former times, the Shah of Iran was its ruler. the title of the kings of Iran, used in the past. Ahmad Shah Durrani Khwarezm Shah dynasty Masjed e Shah Nadir Shah Nasir al Din Shah Naser od Din Shah Pahlavi Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi Reza Shah Prithvi Narayan Shah Shah Jahan Wali Allah Shah
Have you seen the Shah? A query implying a hoax, popular with street arabs when the Shah of Persia visited England (1873 )
(Coğrafya) Shah Faisal Town is a small, densely populated town in eastern Karachi and is named after the late King Faisal of Saudi Arabia. The town is bordered by Malir Town to the northeast, Bin Qasim Town to the east, Korangi Town and Landhi Town to the south, and Faisal Cantonment and Malir Cantonment to the west and northwest. The Malir River forms the southern boundary of the town and the Shahrah-e-Faisal highway forms much of the northern boundary with the Jinnah International Airport at the northern end of the town. The population of Shah Faisal Town was estimated to be about 330,000 at the 1998 census, of which 99 re Muslim. There are several ethnic groups including Urdu speaking, Punjabis, Sindhis, Kashmiris, Seraikis, Pakhtuns, Balochis, Memons, Bohras and Ismailis
an emperor (=ruler) of northern India from 1628 to 1658, who many people consider the greatest of the Mogul family of Indian emperors. Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal and many other impressive buildings (1592-1666). born Jan. 5, 1592, Lahore, India died Jan. 22, 1666, Agra Mughal emperor of India (1628-58). During the reign of his father, Jahngr, he was part of the clique that dominated Mughal-dynasty politics. After Jhangr's death, he garnered enough support to proclaim himself emperor. His reign was notable for its successes against the Deccan states. Though attempts to reconquer lost territory almost bankrupted the empire, his reign marked the zenith of Mughal court splendour. Of his great architectural undertakings (including a fortress-palace built when he transferred the capital from Agra to Delhi), the most famous is the Taj Mahal. Though a more orthodox Muslim than his father, he was less orthodox than his son and successor, Aurangzeb, and he was relatively tolerant of his Hindu subjects
born 1702/03, Delhi died 1762, Delhi Indian Islamic theologian. He received a traditional Islamic education, and after a pilgrimage to Mecca in 1732 he remained in the Hejaz to study theology. Living in a time of disillusionment following the death of Aurangzeb, he believed that Muslim polity could be restored only through religious reform that would harmonize Islam with India's changing social and economic conditions. He was steadfastly monotheistic but otherwise much more liberal than most Islamic theologians that had preceded him. His best-known work is The Secrets of Belief. His synthesis of theology, philosophy, and mysticism so reinvigorated Islam that it became prevalent among Islamic scholars in India until the 20th century
born 1722, Multan, Punjab died Oct. 16?, 1772, Toba Marf, Afg. Founder of modern Afghanistan. The son of an Afghan chief, he became shah in 1747 on the death of the Persian conqueror Ndir Shah, in whose army he had served. He proceeded to invade India nine times over the next 22 years in an attempt to control the trade routes between northern India and central and western Asia and became ruler of an empire that extended from the Amu Darya to the Indian Ocean and from Khorsn to present-day northern India. His hold on the Punjab, governed by his son Tmr Shah, was weakened by rebellions at home, and he ultimately lost control of it to the Sikhs. Much of his empire disintegrated after his death
( 1077-1231) Dynasty that ruled Central Asia and Iran, first as vassals of the Seljq dynasty and then independently. It was founded by a slave, An tegin Gharacha, who was appointed governor of Khwrezm. At its peak under Al al-Dn Muammad (r. 1200-20) and his son Jall al-Dn Mingburnu (1220-31), the dynasty's territory extended from India to Anatolia. It fell to Genghis Khan in 1231
Celebrated 17th-century mosque in Efahn, Iran. The mosque, part of the rebuilding effort of the afavid shah Abbs I, was located at the centre of Efahn, along a great central mall called the maydn. Along with neighbouring structures of the period, it is notable for its logically precise vaulting and use of coloured tiles
born Oct. 26, 1919, Tehrn, Iran died July 27, 1980, Cairo, Egypt Shah of Iran (1941-79), noted for his pro-Western orientation and autocratic rule. After an education in Switzerland, he replaced his father, Reza Shah Pahlavi, as ruler when the latter was forced into exile by the British. His rule was marked by a power struggle with his premier, Mohammad Mosaddeq, who briefly succeeded in deposing him in 1953; covert intervention by British and U.S. intelligence services returned him to the throne the next year. His program of rapid modernization and oil-field development initially brought him popular support, but his autocratic style and suppression of dissent, along with corruption and the unequal distribution of Iran's new oil wealth, increased opposition led by exiled cleric Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. In 1979 Pahlavi was forced into exile
born Oct. 22, 1688, Kobhan, afavid Iran died June 1747, near Fatbd Iranian conqueror and ruler. Originally a bandit of the Turkish Afshar tribes, he helped restore ahmsp II of the Safavid dynasty to Iran's throne, defeating the Ghilzay Afghan usurper Mamd. He later deposed ahmsp II to place the latter's infant son on the throne; he made himself regent, then deposed the son and took the throne himself in 1736. He engaged in constant warfare with his neighbours, enlarging his empire from the Indus River to the Caucasus Mountains. Suspicious of those around him and capriciously cruel, he was assassinated by his own troops
or Nser od-Dn Shah born (b. July 17, 1831, Tehrn, Iran died May 1, 1896, Tehrn Qjr dynasty shah of Iran (1848-96) who began his reign as a reformer but became increasingly conservative. Domestically, he curbed the power of the clergy in secular affairs, introduced telegraph and postal services, built roads, opened the first school offering education along Western lines, and launched Iran's first newspaper. Later in his rule, however, he steadfastly refused to deal with the growing pressure for reforms. He granted a series of concessionary rights to foreigners in return for large payments. Foremost among these was a 50-year concession given in 1890 on the purchase, sale, and processing of all tobacco in the country, which led to a national boycott of tobacco and the withdrawal of the concession the following year. The incident popularly termed the "Tobacco Rebellion" is often considered to be the origin of modern Iranian nationalism
born 1723? died 1775 Founder of the modern state of Nepal. A member of the ruling Shah family of Gurkha (Gorkha) principality, he conquered the three Malla kingdoms (see Malla era) and consolidated them. After unifying Nepal, he annexed territory in northern India, as well as large portions of the Plateau of Tibet and of the valleys of the Inner Himalayas. He sealed Nepal's border and maintained peaceful but distant relations with the British
born March 16, 1878, Alasht, Qjr Iran died July 26, 1944, Johannesburg, S.Af. Shah of Iran (1926-41). An army officer, he rose through the ranks and in 1921 led a coup that overthrew the Qjr dynasty. He sought to bring order and end Iran's political chaos and its domination by Britain and Soviet Russia following World War I (1914-18). He constructed roads, schools, and hospitals, opened a university, and built the Trans-Iranian Railway. He emancipated women, nationalized several economic sectors, and reduced the clergy's power. He often used repressive methods, which eventually cost him his popularity. During World War II (1939-45), fearing that Pahlavi might side with Germany, the U.S. and Britain occupied Iran. The Allies forced him to abdicate (1941) in favour of his son, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
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