shah jahan

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an emperor (=ruler) of northern India from 1628 to 1658, who many people consider the greatest of the Mogul family of Indian emperors. Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal and many other impressive buildings (1592-1666). born Jan. 5, 1592, Lahore, India died Jan. 22, 1666, Agra Mughal emperor of India (1628-58). During the reign of his father, Jahngr, he was part of the clique that dominated Mughal-dynasty politics. After Jhangr's death, he garnered enough support to proclaim himself emperor. His reign was notable for its successes against the Deccan states. Though attempts to reconquer lost territory almost bankrupted the empire, his reign marked the zenith of Mughal court splendour. Of his great architectural undertakings (including a fortress-palace built when he transferred the capital from Agra to Delhi), the most famous is the Taj Mahal. Though a more orthodox Muslim than his father, he was less orthodox than his son and successor, Aurangzeb, and he was relatively tolerant of his Hindu subjects
Mogul emperor of India during whose reign the finest monuments of Mogul architecture were built (including the Taj Mahal at Agra) (1592-1666)
shah jahan