(Kanun) İn public ınternational law the non ultra petita rule circumscribes the ambit of the powers of the adjudicating body: according to this rule, an adjudicating body cannot decide more than it has been asked to
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adj. Allied intelligence system that, in tapping the very highest-level communications among the armed forces of Germany and Japan, contributed to the Allied victory in World War II. In the early 1930s Polish cryptographers first broke the code of Germany's cipher machine Enigma. In 1939 they turned their information over to the Allies, and Britain established the Ultra project at Bletchley Park to intercept and decipher Enigma messages. The Japanese also had a modified version of the Enigma, known as "Purple" by the Americans, who were able to duplicate it well before Pearl Harbor. The intercept of signals helped Allied forces win the Battle of Britain and the battles of the Coral Sea and Midway and led to the destruction of a large part of the German forces following the Allied landing in Normandy. adj. Member of the extreme right (ultraroyalist) wing of the royalist movement in the French Bourbon Restoration (1815-30). The ultras included large landowners, clericalists, and the former émigré nobility. Opposed to the French Revolution's secular and egalitarian principles, they called for restrictions on the press and greater power for the Catholic church. They controlled the Chamber of Deputies and the cabinet for most of the 1820s, especially during the reign of their leader Charles X. Their policies proved unpopular, and they lost power after 1827; with the July Revolution (1830), the faction ceased to exist
Going beyond others, or beyond due limit; extreme; fanatical; uncompromising; as, an ultra reformer; ultra measures
A prefix from the Latin ultra beyond (see Ulterior), having in composition the signification beyond, on the other side, chiefly when joined with words expressing relations of place; as, ultramarine, ultramontane, ultramundane, ultratropical, etc
(used of opinions and actions) far beyond the norm; "extremist political views"; "radical opinions on education"; "an ultra conservative"
In other relations it has the sense of excessively, exceedingly, beyond what is common, natural, right, or proper; as, ultraconservative; ultrademocratic, ultradespotic, ultraliberal, ultraradical, etc
(Kanun) Latin: beyond that which is sought. Usually used in relation to a judgment of the court which exceeds even that which was asked for, such as a damage award whichj is in excess of what a plaintiff requested. An ultra petita decision is not good law and is typically and successfully appealed on that ground
(Politika Siyaset) Ultra-imperialism, or occasionally hyperimperialism, is a potential phase of capitalism described by Karl Kautsky. Kautsky elucidated his theory in the September 1914 issue of Die Neue Zeit. He described the current phase of capitalism as imperialism. In Marxist theory, imperialism consists of capitalist states superexploiting labour in agrarian regions in order to increase both the imperialist nation's productivity and their market. However, imperialism also required capitalist states to introduce protectionist measures and to defend their empires militarily. He believed that this was the ultimate cause of World War I
Traditionally, the purpose of a corporation was closely spelled out in its articles of incorporation If the corporation acted beyond its described purposes these actions were unenforceable against the corporation or by the corporation However, most modern statutes allow corporate purposes to be any lawful activity
An act perfomed without any authority to act on the subject An act is ultra vires when a corporation is without authority to perform it under any circumstances or for any purpose Thus a contract made by a corporation beyond the scope of its corporate powers us unlawful
meaning literally beyond ones power, an act which is ultra vires is one which is beyond the scope of the authority that a person or organization has Thus an agent can be ultra vires the scope of his or her agency agreement, a company can act ultra vires the objects contained in its memorandum of association and a local authority or minister can act ultra vires the powers conferred on them by legislation
emphasis Ultra- is added to adjectives to form other adjectives that emphasize that something or someone has a quality to an extreme degree. a wide range of ultra-modern equipment. an ultra-ambitious executive
(Kanun) In law, the principle of non ultra petita, meaning "not beyond the request" in Latin, means that a court may not decide more than it has been asked to. In particular, the court may not award more to the winning party than it requested
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