Definition of complement in English English dictionary
- The totality, the full amount or number which completes something
Some 11 members of Somerton council's complement of 15 stepped down on Tuesday.
- The radix complement of a number; the two's complement of a binary number
The complement of 01100101_2 is 10011011_2.
- A word or group of words that completes a grammatical construction in the predicate and that describes or is identified with the subject or object
- Obsolete spelling of compliment
- The color which, when mixed with the given color, gives black (for mixing pigments) or white (for mixing light)
The complement of blue is orange.
- The diminished radix complement of a number; the nines' complement of a decimal number; the ones' complement of a binary number
The complement of 01100101_2 is 10011010_2.
- To provide what the partner lacks and lack what the partner provides
I believe our talents really complement each other.
- To change a voltage, number, color, etc. to its complement
- An expression related to some other expression such that it is true under the same conditions that make other false, and vice versa
- Fullness (of the moon)
The sixth Bishop of Ely had very curious arms, for he bore both sun and moon on his shield, the sun in his splendour and the moon in her complement.
- Given two sets, the set containing one set's elements that are not members of the other set (whether a relative complement or an absolute complement)
The complement of the odd numbers is the even numbers, relative to the natural numbers.
- An angle which, together with a given angle, makes a right angle
- Something which completes, something which combines with something else to make up a complete whole; loosely, something perceived to be a harmonious or desirable partner or addition
London's Kings Place, now one year old, established itself as a venue for imaginative programming, a complement to the evergreen Wigmore Hall.
- The act of completing something, or the fact of being complete; completion, completeness, fulfilment
- A voltage level with the opposite logical sense to the given one
- A bit with the opposite value to the given one; the logical complement of a number
- An interval which, together with the given interval, makes an octave
- One of several blood proteins that work with antibodies during an immune response
- To complete
We believe your addition will complement the team.
- A nucleotide sequence in which each base is replaced by the complementary base of the given sequence: adenine (A) by thymine (T) or uracil (U), cytosine (C) by guanine (G), and vice versa
A DNA molecule is formed from two strands, each of which is the complement of the other.
- The numeric complement of a number
The complement of -123 is 123.
- Something (or someone) that completes; the consummation
perform all those works of mercy, which Clemens Alexandrinus calls amoris et amicitiæ impletionem et extentionem, the extent and complement of love .
- to make complete
- {n} the full number, perfection
- A complement is a grammatical structure required in a sentence, typically to complete the meaning of a verb or adjective For example, the verb "believe" can take a sentential complement, that is, be followed by a sentence, as in "I believe you are standing on my foot " There is a wide variety of complement structures Some are illustrated in the entry for subcategorization An example of an adjective with a complement is "thirsty for blood", as in "The football crowd was thirsty for blood after the home team was defeated " This is a PP-complement Another would be "keen to get out of the stadium", a TO-INF complement, as in "The away-team supporters were keen to get out of the stadium "
- That which is required to supply a deficiency, or to complete a symmetrical whole
- a complete number or quantity; "a full complement"
- A complex series of blood proteins whose action "complements" the work of antibodies Complement destroys bacteria, produces inflammation, and regulates immune reactions
- That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number required to fill a thing or make it complete
- a system of protein molecules produced by the immune system which kills antibody-tagged foreign cells by making holes in their cell membranes
- A large group of proteins activated in sequence when cells are exposed to a foreign substance Once activated, they form the membrane attack complex, resulting in the death of cells
- Something added for ornamentation; an accessory
- something added to complete or make perfect; "a fine wine is a perfect complement to the dinner" either of two parts that mutually complete each other a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction number needed to make up whole force; "a full complement of workers" a complete number or quantity; "a full complement" one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response make complete or perfect; supply what is wanting or form the complement to; "I need some pepper to complement the sweet touch in the soup
- {i} something that which makes perfect; something added to complete; that which fills or makes whole; counterpart, corresponding part; number of crew members required on a ship; (Grammar) word or expression that is added and completes the meaning of the predicate
- The full number of personnel required to man a ship (esp. a ship of war)
- a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction
- A second quantity added to a given quantity to make it equal to a third given quantity
- number needed to make up whole force; "a full complement of workers"
- Refers to proteins which are very important in cellular function and immunity They are involved in the inflammatory process Specifically, reductions of C3 and C4 complements are often associated with active systemic lupus erythematosus Some patients may have inherited deficiencies of one of the components of complement which may predispose them to disease states
- a system of protein molecules produced by the immine system which kills antibody-tagged foreign cells by making holes in their cell membranes
- a term for all constituents of the sentence required by a verb except for the subject (e g the object is a complement of the verb)
- The complement of a subset of a given set is the collection of all elements of the set that are not elements of the subset
- To supply mutually what another user or site lacks (A design for a site complex that indicates the specific locations of buildings, parking lots, etc complements the management plans that do not contain this information) The distinction between complements and supplements of plans is that complements, and the larger plan to which they relate, can be viewed as being mutually supplemental because each supplies something which the other lacks; however, plan supplements do not gain anything themselves by their addition to a plan
- The diminished radix complement of a number; the nines complement of a decimal number; the ones complement of a binary number
- The set of points that lie outside a given solid object The complement of the object A is represented by the function ¬ A Compare intersection, union
- the system comprising 9 proteins which, acting in succession, lead to the lysis of the membrane cell It may be activated normally (by mediated antibodies) or, in dialysis, by alternative pathway
- the rest of a right angle -- "The complement of the third angle in a triangle " (249)
- The officially allowed number of persons and the officially designated posts for an activity A complement is the full list of posts and where they belong on the Org Board, which must be held It is the basis for accurate postings to be done to gain maximum utilization
- {f} complete, make whole, make perfect; supplement, make up for a deficiency
- The set containing exactly those elements of the universal set not in the given set; the absolute complement
- one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response make complete or perfect; supply what is wanting or form the complement to; "I need some pepper to complement the sweet touch in the soup
- To compliment
- A word with a relatively specific meaning in mathematics The complement of a subset X in a set Y is Y-X, the set of all things in Y but not X
- (utfylling): an element which completes a structure (phrase or clause) The complement of a preposition is the part of a prepositional phrase following the preposition (usually a noun phrase), e g in South Africa, at a higher level, by the end of next week The complement of an adjective gives an essential specification of the meaning of the adjective, and is sometimes syntactically obligatory, e g afraid of the dark, eager to start, happy to have passed the exam
- A number that results from subtracting each digit of that number from one less than the radix of that number and adding 1 to the least significant bit
- If people or things complement each other, they are different or do something different, which makes them a good combination. There will be a written examination to complement the practical test We complement one another perfectly
- The whole working force of a vessel
- – Number substituted for another number to which it has an inverse relationship For example, in the binary number system, zero is the complement of one
- either of two parts that mutually complete each other a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction number needed to make up whole force; "a full complement of workers"
- blood proteins that play an important role in the immune response Generally, complement proteins amplify the effects of antibodies and inflammation
- Given two sets, the set containing one sets elements that are not members of the other set; the relative complement
- either of two parts that mutually complete each other
- Full quantity, number, or amount; a complete set; completeness
- something added to complete or make perfect; "a fine wine is a perfect complement to the dinner"
- The complement of a nucleic acid sequence replaces each base by its complementary base: adenine (A) by thymidine (T), cytosine (C) by guanine (G), and vice versa In RNA, adenine is paired not with thymidine but with uracil (U) By convention, DNA and RNA molecules have a consistent orientation (5' to 3') which is used in writing their sequences To preserve this orientation, the complement of a sequence is written backwards compared to the original For example, an RNA sequence ACGGUACU has the DNA complement AGTACCGT
- Something that is a complement to something else complements it. The green wallpaper is the perfect complement to the old pine of the dresser
- A plasma protein system involved in immune defense Following activation by antigen-antibody complexes, complement proteins lyse antigenic cells, attract phagocytic cells, and assist in the destruction of antigenic cells by phagocytosis
- A A word or group of words that completes a grammatical construction in the predicate and that describes or is identified with the subject or object
- make complete or perfect; supply what is wanting or form the complement to; "I need some pepper to complement the sweet touch in the soup"
- To supply a lack; to supplement
- complement fixation
- an immune response in which an antigen-antibody combination inactivates a complement (so it is unavailable to participate in a second antigen-antibody combination)
- complement fixation
- The binding of active serum complement to an antigen-antibody pair. It is the basis for various diagnostic tests to detect the presence of a specific antigen or antibody
- complement fixation test
- a blood test in which a sample of serum is exposed to a particular antigen and complement in order to determine whether or not antibodies to that particular antigen are present; used as a diagnostic test
- absolute complement
- The set that contains exactly those elements belonging to the universal set but not to a given set
- diminished radix complement
- The number which, added to the given n-digit number in radix r, results in r^n - 1. In binary (r=2), this is the ones' complement; in decimal (r=10), this is the nines' complement
The diminished radix complement of 0423102_5 is 4021342_5.
- logical complement
- The number, obtained by complementing every bit of a given number, which produces all ones when exclusive ored with the given number
The logical complement of 0xAAAA is 0x5555 on a 16-bit machine, and 0xFFFF5555 on a 32-bit machine.
- numeric complement
- The number obtained by changing the numeric sign of a number. This may or may not be the twos complement, depending on the way numbers are stored
The numeric complement of -123 is 123.
- object complement
- a complement which is coupled to an object
In the sentence Venezuela declared herself independent of Spain first, 'herself' is the object and 'independent of Spain' is the complement.
- ones' complement
- The convention by which bit patterns with high bit 0 represent positive numbers from 0 to 2^{n-1} - 1 directly, while bit patterns with high bit 1 represent negative numbers from 0 to -(2^{n-1} - 1), n being the word size of the machine, and the numeric complement of a number is its ones' complement
Computers that use ones' complement arithmetic have two representations for zero, all 0's and all 1's.
- ones' complement
- The number obtained by subtracting a given n-digit binary number from 2^n - 1 (which yields the same result as the logical complement)
The ones' complement of 0xAAAA is 0x5555 on a 16-bit machine, and 0xFFFF5555 on a 32-bit machine.
- radix complement
- The number which, added to the given n-digit number in radix r, results in r^n. In binary (r=2), this is the two's complement
The radix complement of 0423102_5 is 4021343_5.
- relative complement
- Given two sets A and B, the relative complement of A in B is the set that contains exactly those elements belonging to B but not to A
- subject complement
- A complement which is coupled to a subject
In the sentence That house seems haunted!, 'that house' is the subject and 'haunted' is the subject complement (in this case an adjective).
- two's complement
- The number obtained by complementing every bit of a given number and adding one. A number and its complement add to 2n, where n is the word size of the machine
The two's complement of 0xAAAA is 0x5556 on a 16-bit machine, and 0xFFFF5556 on a 32-bit machine.
- two's complement
- The convention by which bit patterns with high bit 0 represent positive numbers from 0 to 2^{n-1} - 1 directly, while bit patterns with high bit 1 represent negative numbers from -1 to -2^{n - 1}, n being the word size of the machine, and the numeric complement of a number is its two's complement
Nearly all modern computers use twos complement for integer arithmetic.
- complemented
- past of complement
- complementing
- present participle of complement
- complements
- third-person singular of complement
- complements
- A price change for one product leads to a shift in the opposite direction direction in the demand for another product [FACS] (see also fiscal policy)
- complements
- two goods are called complements if an increase in the quantity consumed of one increases the quantity demanded of the other, all other things remaining constant
- complements
- plural of complement
- complements
- Goods or services typically purchased to go with another purchase Example: A person who buys hot dogs typically buys buns and ketchup, also
- complements
- eleven specific enzymatic proteins occurring in normal serum which interact and destroy foreign cellular bodies
- complements
- are goods that are used in conjunction with other goods
- objective complement
- A noun, adjective, or pronoun serving as a complement to a verb and qualifying its direct object, as governor in They elected him governor