Yoksullara yemek verdiğimde bana aziz diyorlar. Yoksulların neden yemeği yok diye sorduğumda ise bana komünist diyorlar. - When I give food to the poor, they call me a saint. When I ask why the poor have no food, they call me a communist.
Bazı Amerikalılar Komünist Partisi'ne katıldı. - Some Americans joined the Communist Party.
Communist means relating to communism. the Communist Party. someone who is a member of a political party that supports communism, or who believes in communism capitalist, socialist socialist. Communist relating to communism capitalist, socialist socialist. Communist Information Bureau Communist International Chinese Communist Party Communist Manifesto Communist Party Communist Party of the Soviet Union French Communist Party Italian Communist Party Twentieth Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
a book by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, written in 1848, which explains the main ideas of Communism and describes how society would need to change in order to achieve this. Pamphlet written in 1848 by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels to serve as the platform of the Communist League. It argued that industrialization had exacerbated the divide between the capitalist ruling class and the proletariat, which had become impoverished, and called on the proletariat to overthrow the capitalists, abolish private property, and take over the means of production. It predicted an eventual classless society and the gradual elimination of the need for a state. It ends by stating, "The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Workingmen of all countries, unite
a political party based on the principles of Marxism-Leninism, and believing that most economic activity (such as factories, banks, and farming) should be owned or controlled by the government. Political party organized to facilitate the transition of society from capitalism through socialism to communism. Russia was the first country in which communists came to power (1917). In 1918 the Bolshevik party was renamed the All-Russian Communist Party; the name was taken to distinguish its members from the socialists of the Second International who had supported capitalist governments during World War I. Its basic unit was the workers' council (soviet), above which were district, city, regional, and republic committees. At the top was the party congress, which met only every few years; the delegates elected the members of the Central Committee, who in turn elected the members of the Politburo and the Secretariat, though those organizations were actually largely self-perpetuating. The Soviet Union dominated communist parties worldwide through World War II. Yugoslavia challenged that hegemony in 1948 and China went its own way in the 1950s and '60s. Communist parties have survived the demise of the Soviet Union (1991), but with reduced political influence. Cuba's party remains in control, as does a hereditary communist party in North Korea
Major political party of Russia and the Soviet Union from the Russian Revolution of 1917 to 1991. It arose from the Bolshevik wing of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party. From 1918 through the 1980s it was a monolithic, monopolistic ruling party that dominated the Soviet Union's political, economic, social, and cultural life. The constitution and other legal documents that supposedly regulated the government were actually subordinate to the CPSU, which also dominated the Comintern and the Cominform. Mikhail Gorbachev's efforts to reform the country's economy and political structure weakened the party, and in 1990 it voted to surrender its constitutionally guaranteed monopoly of power. The Soviet Union's dissolution in 1991 marked the party's formal demise
the Communist bloc the former Soviet Union and the countries of eastern Europe which had Communist governments and were under Soviet influence, especially between the end of World War II and about 1990
Political party founded in China in 1921 by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao. It grew directly from the reform-oriented May Fourth Movement and was aided from the start by Russian organizers. Under Russian guidance, the CCP held its First Congress in 1921; the Russians also invited many members to the Soviet Union for study and encouraged cooperation with the Chinese Nationalist Party. This cooperation lasted until 1927, when the communists were expelled. CCP fortunes declined rapidly after several failed attempts at uprisings, and the few members that remained fled to central China to regroup, where they formed a soviet-style government in Jiangxi. Harried by the Nationalist army under Chiang Kai-shek, the CCP forces undertook the Long March to northwestern China, when Mao Zedong became the party's undisputed leader. War with the Japanese broke out in 1937 and led to a temporary alliance between the CCP and the Nationalists. After World War II, the CCP participated in U.S.-mediated talks with the Nationalists, but in 1947 the talks were abandoned and civil war resumed. The CCP increased its already strong rural base through land redistribution, and in 1949 it took control of mainland China. In the decades that followed, radical members led by Mao and moderates led initially by Liu Shaoqi vied for control of the party and the direction of China. After Mao's death in 1976 the party moved steadily toward economic, if not political, liberalization. The government's brutal suppression of student protesters at Tiananmen Square in 1989 produced a major shakeup in party leadership. Today the CCP sets policy, which government officials implement. The organs at the top of the CCP are the Political Bureau, the Political Bureau's Standing Committee, and the Secretariat, among which the division of power is constantly shifting. See also Lin Biao; Zhou Enlai; Deng Xiaoping
French branch of the international communist movement. It was founded in 1920 by the left wing of the French Socialist Party but did not gain significant influence until it affliliated with Leon Blum's Popular Front coalition government in 1936. From 1945 to 1968 it won almost 25% of the vote in each election and had a large representation in the National Assembly. It lost ground when Charles de Gaulle was elected in 1958, but in 1965 it formed an alliance with other left-wing parties. In the early 1980s it allied with the Socialist Party. It has since lost many of its traditional working-class supporters
(Feb. 14-25, 1956) Meeting at which Nikita Khrushchev repudiated Joseph Stalin and Stalinism. Khrushchev's secret speech denouncing the former Soviet leader was accompanied by his Report of the Central Committee to the Congress, which announced a new line in Soviet foreign policy. He based his new policy on "the Leninist principle of coexistence of states with different social systems." Khrushchev also used the Congress to promote his loyal supporters to high party office and to take control of the party from the Stalinist old guard
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