A unit of storage on a mass-storage device such as a hard disk drive or CD-ROM disc On a hard drive a cluster usually consists of two to eight sectors The actual amount of data a cluster can hold is dependent on the operating system and controller type
Statistical grouping of consumers with similar lifestyle profiles, based on demographic and socio-economic indicators
Either Open or Globular star clusters Defined by a group of stars located in a relatively small area of space such that each is affected by the others gravitational pull Stars in Open Clusters are fairly far apart while stars in a globular cluster are densely packed often containing a nucleus
Natural groupings of objects created by cluster analysis In a cluster, objects are mutually closer to each other than to objects in other clusters
(1) (n ) A group of computers connected by a high-speed network that work together as if they were one machine with multiple CPUs (2) (n ) A logical collection of packages (software modules) (3) (n ) A group of software packages Clusters can contain other clusters Clusters and their components form a hierarchical tree
If people cluster together, they gather together in a small group. The passengers clustered together in small groups The children clustered around me. see also clustered. if a group of people or things cluster somewhere, or are clustered somewhere, they form a small group in that place cluster around/together etc. cluster of galaxies globular cluster open cluster galactic cluster Virgo cluster
An aggregation of cases of a disease or other health-related condition, particularly cancer and birth defects, which are closely grouped in time and place The number of cases may or may not exceed the expected number; frequently the expected number is not known
Commercial definition: A collection of potentially distinct computers that are tightly coupled and share an address space An example would be several SHV systems connected through SCI Academic definition: Any collection of distinct computers that are connected and used as a parallel computer Examples include Ethernet-connected workstation networks and rack-mounted workstations dedicated to parallel computing See workstation farm and distributed computer
In a set of elements, a cluster is a subset of elements that are relatively near each other and relatively far and separated from other elements To "cluster" a set is to identify the sets of similar elements For example, a set of documents could be clustered so that documents on the same topics are put in separate clusters -- identified by the presence of the same low frequency words
A discrete aggregate of bacterial cells in an exopolymeric matrix (see EPS) It is believed that there are about 10 thousand million cells in 1 ml of cluster material The clusters tend to be between 20-300 micrometers across and 20-200 micrometers high
in a sampling context, a cluster is defined as a category assigned to a neighborhood based on the assumption that the households share certain demographic, social, and economic characteristics In a segmentation context, a cluster is a homogenous group of respondents who are defined through cluster analysis
is a set of execution "servers" or hosts on which a single batch server manages batch jobs A cluster may be made up of a set of workstations, multiple cpu systems, or a set of nodes in a parallel system
In BGP, a set of routers that have been grouped together A cluster consists of one system that acts as a route reflector, along with any number of client peers The client peers receive their route information only from the route reflector system Routers in a cluster do not need to be fully meshed
The basic allocation unit for storage on a disk, consisting of one or more sectors The number of sectors that make up one cluster depends on the type and size of the media The minimum amount of disk space used by a single file is one cluster Even if the file physically occupies only part of a cluster, the entire cluster is allocated to the file and marked as used space
A group of components or systems that work together as one for improved resilience, performance and continuity of service Fibre Channel permits clustered systems to access a single centralized storage pool
A group of independent computer systems known as nodes or hosts, that work together as a single system to ensure that mission-critical applications and resources remain available to clients A server cluster is the type of cluster that the Cluster service implements Network Load Balancing provides a software solution for clustering multiple computers running Windows 2000 Server that provides networked services over the Internet and private intranets
In the context of EST clustering and assembly, a cluster is a group of related sequences that ideally contain all sequences derived from the same gene, but more typically will contain ESTs from related genes The clustering process segments the millions of ESTs into smaller groups for the assembler to reconstruct all related transcripts within the cluster
Used to label an unusually large number of occurrances of a disease or condition in one place An "autism cluster" would be an unusually large number of cases of autism in (perhaps) a single locality Clusters constitute evidence in the search for causes of diseases and conditions In early 1999, an autism cluster was reported in the Brick Township of New Jersey
A group of stars held together by gravity since they were formed together There are two main types: Open star clusters and Globular star clusters One is tight and round, the other is loose and irregular (See Illustrations )
A set of networked machines that share a single workload On the Urbana campus, CITES offers all students, staff, and faculty a free account on a set of machines (students uiuc edu and staff uiuc edu) commonly referred to as the cluster (or the student/staff cluster) For information on obtaining or using a cluster account, see "Cluster Accounts "
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[ 'kl&s-t&r ] (noun.) before 12th century. Middle English, from Old English clyster; akin to Old English clott clot.
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