orig. (Everett) LeRoi Jones born Oct. 7, 1934, Newark, N.J., U.S. U.S. playwright, poet, and activist. After graduating from Howard University and serving in the U.S. Air Force, he joined the Beat movement and in 1961 published his first major poetry collection. His play Dutchman (1964), produced off-Broadway, explored the suppressed hostility of U.S. blacks toward the dominant white culture. After the assassination of Malcolm X in 1965, Baraka became involved in black nationalism and founded the Black Arts Repertory Theatre in Harlem. In 1974 he adopted a Marxist-Leninist philosophy. He was appointed Poet Laureate of New Jersey in 2002
born Jan. 4, 1896, Pekin, Ill., U.S. died Sept. 7, 1969, Washington, D.C. U.S. politician. After serving in World War I, he returned to Illinois to pursue business interests. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1932-48), where he voted against most New Deal measures and remained an isolationist until the U.S. entered World War II. He later served in the U.S. Senate (1950-69), becoming minority leader in 1959. He was noted for his oratorical style. Though a conservative, he helped secure passage of the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, the Civil Rights Act, and the Voting Rights Act
born May 23, 1824, Liberty, Ind., U.S. died Sept. 13, 1881, Bristol, R.I. Union general in the American Civil War. A graduate of West Point, he was promoted to major general in 1862 and replaced George B. McClellan as commander of the Army of the Potomac; he was himself replaced after the Union loss at the Battle of Fredericksburg. He resigned in 1864 after the "Burnside mine" fiasco in the Petersburg Campaign, when a mine explosion intended to damage Confederate troops resulted in heavy Union losses. He was governor of Rhode Island (1866-69) and a U.S. senator (1875-81). He originated the fashion of side whiskers, later known as "sideburns
born Dec. 8, 1859, Worcester, Mass., U.S. died June 13, 1922, Bedford Hills, N.Y. U.S. publisher. Hooper left school at age 16 and became involved in bookselling. With the collaboration of The Times of London, he produced a highly successful reprint of the Encyclopædia Britannica's ninth edition (1875-89). In 1901 he and Walter Jackson purchased Britannica outright; it was sold in 1920. He planned and published the 10th edition (1902-03), of which his brother Franklin Henry Hooper was an editor; the 11th edition (1910-11), famed for its rich, leisurely prose and for being wholly new in concept; and the 12th edition (1922)
born Dec. 6, 1921, Waukegan, Ill., U.S. U.S. gridiron football player and coach. He was a star tailback at Northwestern University, but he is best remembered as quarterback of the Cleveland Browns during a 10-year period (1946-55) in which they won 105 games, lost 17, and tied 5 in regular season play and won 7 of 10 championship games. Graham's career average yardage per pass (8.63) was not surpassed until the 1980s. His coaching career was mainly with the U.S. Coast Guard Academy (1959-66) and the Washington Redskins (1966-68)
a British painter who helped to establish the Pre-Raphaelite group of artists (1829-96). born June 8, 1829, Southampton, Hampshire, Eng. died Aug. 13, 1896, London British painter and illustrator. In 1848 he became a founding member of the Pre-Raphaelites, a group founded in opposition to contemporary academic painting. His period of greatest achievement came in the 1850s, with The Return of the Dove to the Ark (1851) and one of his greatest public successes, The Blind Girl (1856), a tour de force of Victorian sentiment and technical facility. He was popular as a portraitist and also as a book illustrator, notably for the novels of Anthony Trollope
Türkçe nasıl söylenir
() From an Old English personal name Everard, eofor (“boar”) + heard (“hardy, brave,strong”).
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