Usually a curved member made up of separate wedge-shaped solids, with the joints between them disposed in the direction of the radii of the curve; used to support the wall or other weight above an opening
A culvert section forming an arc of a circle (usually less than 180?) and having a natural substrate for its base, that is, a bottomless culvert (3) Types of arches include squash, elliptical, half-round and plate, and they can be high or low profile See Culvert, Bottomless Culvert, Arch Pipe and contrast with Pipe-Arch
A curved, load-carrying monolithic or composite structure or member which spans an opening or recess and is essentially in compression Loads supported by an arch are resolved into vertical and horizontal forces at supports Before the advent of structural steel, masonry arches of a variety of shapes provided a major means of achieving long spans in buildings or structures
An architectural element used to span the space between two posts Arch's shapes can vary but true arches are always constructed of wedge-shaped blocks called voussoirs Arches, though more difficult to construct, can span greater distances between columns or piers and support greater loads than the simple lintel Basic aches appear as a semicircle supported on two vertical elements
Can be round-headed, pointed, two-centered, or drop; ogee - pointed with double curved sides, upper arcs lower concave; lancet - pointed formed on an acute-angle triangle; depressed - flattened or elliptical; corbelled - triangular, peaked, each stone set a little further in until they meet, with a large capstone
A curved structure so built that the stones or other component parts support each other by mutual pressure and can sustain a load, of the foot, the part from head to toes of the body structure, normally having an upward curve
A curved structural member spanning an opening or recess The wedge shaped elements that make up an arch keep one another in palce and transform the vertical pressure of the structure above into lateral pressure; Can be round-headed, pointed, two-centered, or drop; ogee - pointed with double curved sides, upper arcs lower concave; lancet - pointed formed on an acute-angle triangle; depressed - flattened or elliptical; corbelled - triangular, peaked, each stone set a little further in until they meet, with a large capstone Parts of an arch: keystone, soffit, spring line, springer, voussoir Measurements of an arch: rise, span Related architectural elements: arcade, cusp, hood moulding, spandrel, tympanum
Structure, usually curved, spanning an opening and supporting the weight of upper parts of buildings, such as domes An arch is designed so that it can be supported only from the sides The style of the arch often provides a clue to the overall style of the church In general, rounded arches indicate Romanesque and pointed arches indicate Gothic Other common types of arches are basket, discharging, drop, elliptical, four-centered, horseshoe (also known as Moorish), lancet, ogee, pointed, relieving, segmental, shouldered, stilted, Tudor and trefoil
A curved structure that converts the downward compression force of its own weight, and of any weight pressing down on top of it, into a force along its curve Thhis results in an outward and downward force along the sides and base of the arch
A structural form in a building that spans openings by arranging wedge-shaped blocks (voussoirs), such that the pressure exerted by the part of the building above the opening is channeled to the vertical supports of the arch on either side of the opening; there are many varients of the form of the true arch; most common is the semicircular, curved type, but also known are the stilted, segmental, skewed, three centered and flat arch; a false arch can be formed by other means such as corbelling
curved architectural element which joins two parts of a construction Which an either be: - round headed arch ( a perfect semi-circle)- pointed arch (the high part forming an angle)- horseshoe shaped (the diameter exceeding the opening)
(architecture) a masonry construction (usually curved) for spanning an opening and supporting the weight above it a passageway under an arch a curved bony structure supporting or enclosing organs (especially arches of the feet) a curved shape in the vertical plane that spans an opening form an arch or curve; "her back arches"; "her hips curve nicely"
If you arch your eyebrows or if they arch, you move them upwards as a way of showing surprise or disapproval. `Oh really?' he said, arching an eyebrow. = raise see also arched. to form or make something form a curved shape. Curved structure that spans the opening between two piers or columns and supports loads from above. The masonry arch provides the stepping stone from the post-and-beam system to the evolution of the vault, and was first widely used by the Romans. Its construction depends on a series of wedge-shaped blocks (voussoirs) set side by side in a semicircular curve or along two intersecting arcs (as in a pointed arch). The central voussoir is called the keystone, and the two points where the arch rests on its supports are known as the spring points. An arch can carry a much greater load than a horizontal beam of the same size and material, because downward pressure forces the voussoirs together instead of apart. The resulting outward thrust must be resisted by the arch's supports. Present-day lightweight monolithic (one-piece) arches of steel, concrete, or laminated wood are highly rigid, and thereby minimize horizontal thrust. natural arch triumphal arch Arches National Park archer fish
n Position skydivers use to orient the front of their torso to the relative wind Described, it is hips forward with back arched; legs extended to 45 degrees, toes pointed; knees at shoulder width; arms bent 90-120 degrees at the shoulders and elbows and relaxed; head up
The pointed arch is widely regarded as the main identifiable feature of Gothic architecture (distinct from the round arch of the Romanesque period) The three most common Gothic arches are the Equilateral, Lancet and Tudor
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