Etymologie [ 'sk&r-vE ] (noun.) circa 1565. * Noun usage from the adjective scurvy influenced by or a variant of scurfy. Took on meaning of Dutch scheurbuik, French scorbut (“scurvy”), possibly from Old Norse skyrbjúgr, skyr (“sour milk”) + bjúgr (“swelling, tumour”). Compare German scharbock, Late Latin scorbutus.
* Alternate etymology is Middle Dutch Middle Low German.