listen to the pronunciation of refractory
Englisch - Türkisch
{s} (Tıp) tedavisi güç, tedaviye cevap vermeyen
ateşe dayanıklı
karşı gelen
(Tıp) iyileştirilmesi zor
ateşe mukavim
{s} dayanıklı
dik başlı
ergimesi zor
(Biyokimya) kırınımsal
(Tıp) tedaviye cevap vermeyen
(Tıp) tesirsiz kalan
sıcağa dayanıklı
karşı koyan
tedavisi güç
(metal) ergimesi zor
kolay işlenemez
(hastalık) iyileştirilmesi zor
vurdum duymaz, alakasız, inatçı
(Mühendislik) tuğlamsı
refractorily inatla
(Tıp) Tesirsiz kalan (mesela muayyen ilaçlara karşı cevap vermeme), refrakter
{s} kolay işlenemez, erimez
{s} aksi
{s} ısıya dayanıklı
refractoriness inatçılık
(Biyoloji) refrakter
dayanıklı madde
(Biyokimya) kırınım
(Pisikoloji, Ruhbilim) tepkisiz
(Tıp) cevap vermeyen
refractory clay
(İnşaat) ateş kili
refractory concrete
(İnşaat) refrakter beton
refractory concrete
(İnşaat) ateş betonu
refractory material
(İnşaat) refraktör malzemesi
refractory period
(Tıp) refrakter periyod
refractory alloy
refrakter alaşım, tuglamsi alaşım
refractory anemia
refrakter anemi
refractory brick
refrakter tuğla
refractory concrete
refrakter beton, ateş betonu
refractory material
refrakter malzeme, tuglamsi gereç
refractory aggregate
(İnşaat) refrakter agrega
refractory aggregate
(İnşaat) ateşe dayanır agrega
refractory brickwork
(İnşaat,Teknik) ateş tuğlacılığı
refractory building material
refraktör inşaat malzemesi
refractory cement
refraktör çimento
refractory ceramics
(Askeri) erimez seramikler
refractory ceramics
(Askeri) ERİMEZ SERAMİKLER: Bir füzenin atmosfere dönüş kısmı kaplaması yüzeyi. Erimez seramikler alüminyum silikon ve zirkonyum asitleri gibi oksitlenmeye karşı direnir ve bu direnmelerini 2700° derece civarındaki erime noktalarına kadar devam ettirirler
refractory clay
ateş tuğlası
refractory coating
(İnşaat) refrakter kaplama
refractory coating
ateşe dayanıklı kaplama
refractory earth
ateş toprağı
refractory facing
ateşe dayanır kaplama
refractory gunning material
püskürtme refrakter malzeme
refractory lining
(İnşaat) refrakter astar
refractory lining
(İnşaat) ateş tuğlası kaplama
refractory lining
(İnşaat) refrakter kaplama
refractory metal
tuğlamsı metal
refractory metal
ateşe dayanıklı metal
refractory mineral
isıya-dayanıklı mineral
refractory mortar
refraktör harç
refractory mortar
(İnşaat) refrakter harç
refractory products
(İnşaat) ateşe dayanır ürünler
refractory slag
(İnşaat) refrakter cüruf
refractory slag
(İnşaat) ateşe dayanır cüruf
ısıya dayanıklılık
graphite refractory brick
grafitli ateş tuğlası
dense refractory brick
(İnşaat) yoğun refrakter tuğla
dense refractory material
yoğun refrakter malzeme
{i} dik başlılık
{i} ateşe dayanıklılık
{i} inatçılık
Englisch - Englisch
Difficult to treat

In 33 adult patients with long standing refractory epilepsy on treatment with one or two standard anti-convulsant drugs,.

Obstinate and unruly; strongly opposed to something

Mr. Weller knocked at the door, and after a pretty long interval—occupied by the party without, in whistling a tune, and by the party within, in persuading a refractory flat candle to allow itself to be lighted.

Not affected by great heat
Incapable of registering a reaction or stimulus

The delivery of external stimuli delineates the pacemaker refractory period after the emission of a pacing stimulus and after the sensing of a spontaneous beat.

A material or piece of material, such as a brick, that has a very high melting point
not amenable to control
{a} obstinate, contumacious, perverse, applied to metals, difficult to fuse
not responding to treatment; "a stubborn infection"; "a refractory case of acne"
Resistant to decomposition
1) Heat-resistant material, usually non-metallic, used for furnace linings etc , 2) the quality of resisting heat
a heat-resistant material
difficult to melt or work; resistant to heat
Not responding to treatment
Elements that are refractory have a high vaporization temperature Conversely, these will be the first elements to solidify in a cooling environment
– Resistant to treatment
Refractory people are difficult to deal with or control, for example because they are unwilling to obey orders. refractory priests who refused to side with the king. = recalcitrant. adj. Material that is not deformed or damaged by high temperatures, used to make crucibles, incinerators, insulation, and furnaces, particularly metallurgical furnaces. Refractories are produced in several forms: molded bricks of various shapes, bulk granular materials, plastic mixtures consisting of moistened aggregates that are rammed into place, castables composed of dry aggregates and a binder that can be mixed with water and poured like concrete, and mortars and cements for laying brickwork
Non-metallic materials suitable for use at high temperatures; usually composed of aluminas, silicas, etc
resistant to authority or control; "as refractory as a mule"
material, such as brick, that has a very high melting point
not responding to treatment; "a stubborn infection"; "a refractory case of acne
{s} stubborn, obstinate; resistant to usual treatments; difficult to fuse or process
A condition that is resistant to ordinary treatment
A ceramic material used in high-temperature structures and equipment; potentially vulnerable to damage when used in ultra-high-power transformers in steel plants (Source: Mintzer, 1992)
A refractory person
Resistant to ordinary treatment or infection
Disease that is unresponsive to standard treatments
A material, usually nonmetallic, used to withstand high temperatures, as in the combustion chamber of an oil-fired heating system or at a smoke pipe connection at the chimney
lining consisting of material with a high melting point; used to line the inside walls of a furnace
(1) A material of very high melting point with properties that make it suitable for such uses as furnace linings and kiln construction (2) The quality of resisting heat
Hard, heat resistant substances such as fire clay, bricks or blocks The refractory protects a furnace shell from abrasion, heat and oxidation
A material, usually ceramic, that resists the action of heat, does not fuse at high temperatures, and is very difficult to break down
stubbornly resistant to authority or control; "a fractious animal that would not submit to the harness"; "a refractory child"
Rebellious; stubborn; actively resisting
resistant to authority or control; "as refractory as a mule" not responding to treatment; "a stubborn infection"; "a refractory case of acne
Resisting ordinary treatment; difficult of fusion, reduction, or the like; said especially of metals and the like, which do not readily yield to heat, or to the hammer; as, a refractory ore
OPottery A piece of ware covered with a vaporable flux and placed in a kiln, to communicate a glaze to the other articles
In mining, a complex ore difficult to refine; i e , an ore containing copper, lead, silver and zinc is refractory
Refractory materials form solids at very high temperatures The opposite of volatile Tungsten is a refractory material
Refers to disease which is unresponsive to standard treatments Some cancers can be presumed to be refractory from the start because there is no treatment known to be effective In other cases, a standard treatment is known, but it doesn't help all patients But in this case you don't have refractory disease unless you have tried the standard treatment and it didn't work, or unless you cannot take the standard treatment for some reason
Obstinate in disobedience; contumacious; stubborn; unmanageable; as, a refractory child; a refractory beast
resistant to heat; hard to melt
Not responding favourably to treatment
Any material that will not bend, warp, deform or explode at a specific high temperature
resistant to treatment
marked by stubborn resistance to and defiant of authority or guidance; "a recalcitrant teenager"; "everything revolves around a refractory individual genius"
obstinate and unruly, unresponsive
A high melting point material, various refractories exist in the industry with many applications including the direct containment of molten aluminium
refractory metal
A metal, such as molybdenum and tungsten, with a high refraction, hence a high melting point
refractory metals
plural form of refractory metal
refractory period
The period, after excitation, during which a membrane recovers it polarization and is not able to respond to a second stimulus
refractory period
a recovery phase after orgasm during which it is physiologically impossible for an individual to have additional orgasms
refractory rhyme
A word with no rhyme, a rhymeless word
refractory anemia
any of various anemic conditions that are not successfully treated by any means other than blood transfusions (and that are not associated with another primary disease)
refractory period
(neurology) the time after a neuron fires or a muscle fiber contracts during which a stimulus will not evoke a response
(of furnaces) lined with material that has a high melting point
psychological refractory period
A delay to the second response to two closely-spaced stimuli
{n} a sullen or wilful obastinacy
{i} material that is able to endure high temperatures and not melt
stubbornly, obstinately; in the manner of being resistant to usual treatments; in a manner that is difficult to fuse or process
In a refractory manner; perversely; obstinately
{i} stubbornness, obstinacy; quality of resisting usual treatments; quality of being difficult to fuse or process
The quality or condition of being refractory
the trait of being unmanageable



    Türkische aussprache



    /rəˈfraktərē/ /rəˈfræktɜriː/


    [ ri-'frak-t(&-)rE ] (adjective.) 1606. From Latin refractārius (“obstinate”), from refractus, past participle of refringere (“to break up”). Originally refractary reanalysed after other adjectives in -ory