Siyasi sistemimiz feodal gelenekler tarafından şekillendirilmişti. - Our political system was shaped by feudal traditions.
Bazı önemli geometrik şekiller üçgen, kare, dikdörtgen, daire, paralelkenar ve ikizkenar yamuktur. - Some important geometric shapes are the triangle, the square, the rectangle, the circle, the parallelogram and the trapezium.
A method of positive reinforcement of behaviour patterns in operant conditioning
Modifying the cell rates and variances of the traffic stream sent over an ATM logical connection to meet previously agreed conformance values
The process of teaching a complex behavior by rewarding closer and closer approximations to the desired behavior
A procedure for developing new, or more complex, behavior through the reinforcement of successive approximations to the goal behavior This procedure uses both positive reinforcement and extinction procedures to develop these closer approximations
A process through which a new operant behavior is created by reinforcing successive approximations of the desired behavior
Gradually molding a specific response by reinforcing responses that come close to the desired response
Sometimes a response is not visible or has not been demonstrated and thus cannot be reinforced Skinner proposed the idea of shaping where successive approximations are reinforced until the desired behavior is fully exhibited
The process of applying a series of rewards and reinforcement so that more complex behaviour can evolve over time
A practice whereby delivery of a large amount of a security may be made in several smaller blocks so as to reduce the potential consequences of a fail May be especially useful where partialling is not acceptable
A strategy of positively reinforcing behaviors that are successively more similar to desired behaviors (p 209)
forming or capable of forming or molding; "a formative influence"; "a formative experience"
The scheduling and operation of generating resources to meet changing load levels Load shaping on a hydro system usually involves the adjustment of water releases from reservoirs so that generation and load are continuously in balance
The process of building a behaviour by reinforcing successive approximations (simple, progressive steps) of the final response
Involves reinforcing behavior already in the repertoire of the individual, which approximates the goal Use of positive reinforcement for successive approximations and operant extinction for other behaviors to establish the new learning
The professor never pretended to the academic prerogative of forcing his students into his own channels of reasoning; he entered into and helped shape the discussion but above all he made his men learn to think for themselves and rely upon their own intellectual judgments.
If you say that something is the shape of things to come, you mean that it is the start of a new trend or development, and in future things will be like this. British Rail says its new Liverpool Street station is the shape of things to come
the spatial arrangement of something as distinct from its substance; "geometry is the mathematical science of shape" any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline); "he could barely make out their shapes through the smoke" a concrete representation of an otherwise nebulous concept; "a circle was the embodiment of his concept of life" give a shape or form to; "shape the dough" make something, usually for a specific function; "She molded the riceballs carefully"; "Form cylinders from the dough"; "shape a figure"; "Work the metal into a sword
If you lick, knock, or whip someone or something into shape, you use whatever methods are necessary to change or improve them so that they are in the condition that you want them to be in. You'll have four months in which to lick the recruits into shape
Shape is an area that is contained within an implied line or is seen and identified because of colour or value change Shapes have two dimensions, length and width, and can be geometric or free-form Design in painting is basically the planned arrangement of shapes in a work of art
When something takes shape, it develops or starts to appear in such a way that it becomes fairly clear what its final form will be. In 1912 women's events were added, and the modern Olympic programme began to take shape. Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers, Europe. Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe the place in Belgium where the Supreme Allied Commander of Europe, one of the military commanders of NATO, is based
Shape refers to form or appearance of a diamond - i e whether the diamond is round, triangular, square, marquise, pear, oval or heart-shaped Step-cut The step cut has rows of facets that resemble the steps of a staircase The emerald cut and the baguette are examples of the step cut
You can use in the shape of to state exactly who or what you are referring to, immediately after referring to them in a general way. The Prime Minister found a surprise ally today in the shape of Jacques Delors, the Commission President
(n) The internal spatial relationship of vertices and edges that make up a face or the arrangement of faces on an object Examples of characteristics used to describe a face are the number of edges (sides), the angle between edges, and the ordering of edges around the perimeter Shape is independent of overall scale but not of viewpoint
If someone or something is in shape, or in good shape, they are in a good state of health or in a good condition. If they are in bad shape, they are in a bad state of health or in a bad condition. He was still in better shape than many young men The trees were in bad shape from dry rot
The shape of an object, a person, or an area is the appearance of their outside edges or surfaces, for example whether they are round, square, curved, or fat. Each mirror is made to order and can be designed to almost any shape or size. little pens in the shape of baseball bats sofas and chairs of contrasting shapes and colours The buds are conical or pyramidal in shape These bras should be handwashed to help them keep their shape
sometimes used as an alternative to form I tend to use the term as an aspect of form, to mean the configuration of an edge or area, how the surface of the three dimensional object appears so shape is something more two dimensional even if actually moving through space
emphasis If you say, for example, that you will not accept something in any shape or form, or in any way, shape or form, you are emphasizing that you will not accept it in any circumstances. I don't condone violence in any shape or form
You can refer to something that you can see as a shape if you cannot see it clearly, or if its outline is the clearest or most striking aspect of it. Lying in bed we often see dark shapes of herons silhouetted against the moon
If something is out of shape, it is no longer in its proper or original shape, for example because it has been damaged or wrongly handled. Once most wires are bent out of shape, they don't return to the original position
Physics: specific spatial demarcation of a system Esotericism: organization and concentration location of the universal substance; local aggregate of physical , astral or mental more or less organized substance
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