A mechanical device that interlaces fibers at right angles with varying degrees of weave construction (weight, thickness and design) More modern looms are air jet but rapier and more traditional shuttle equipment is still in use
A loom is a machine that is used for weaving thread into cloth. a frame or machine on which thread is woven into cloth. Machine for weaving cloth. The earliest looms, from the 5th millennium BC, consisted of bars or beams forming a frame to hold a number of parallel threads in two alternating sets. By raising one set of these threads (which together formed the warp), it was possible to run a cross thread (a weft, or filling) between them. A shuttle carried the filling strand through the warp. The fundamental operation of the loom remained unchanged, but over centuries many improvements were introduced in both Asia and Europe. The drawloom, probably invented in Asia for silk weaving, provided a means for raising warp threads in groups as required by a pattern. In the 18th century Jacques de Vaucanson and J.-M. Jacquard mechanized this function by the ingenious use of punched cards; the cards programmed the mechanical drawboy, saving labour and eliminating errors (see Jacquard loom). In England the inventions of John Kay (flying shuttle), Edmund Cartwright (power drive), and others contributed to the Industrial Revolution, in which the loom and other textile machinery played a central role
means a utensil (Anglo-Saxon, loma) Thus heir-loom means a personal chattel or household implement which goes by special custom to the heir The word was in familiar use in Prior's time (1664-1721), for he says a thousand maidens ply the purple loom
If a worrying or threatening situation or event is looming, it seems likely to happen soon. Another government spending crisis is looming in the United States The threat of renewed civil war looms ahead. the looming threat of recession
The basic frame used for weaving Two horizontal beams are used to tie the vertical warps and hold them tightly in place Looms can be either horizontal or vertical Horizontal looms are small, used for nomadic weavings and can be folded in order to be transported on an animal such as a donkey, horse or camel Vertical looms are used for weavings of large rugs and are stationary Three or more people can sit side by side and work simultaneously
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