Tom kendini korumak için Mary'yi vurduğunu iddia ediyor. - Tom claims he shot Mary in self defense.
(Askeri) SAVUNMA: Düşmanın yaptığı her çeşit taarruzlara karşı eldeki bütün vasıta ve usullerle karşı koyma ve korunma. Savunma; savunan kuvvetin vaziyetine ve kullandığı usullere göre aktif veya pasif olur
(Askeri) SAVUNMA YAKALAMA (TESPİT) RADARI: Kara Ordusunun; batarya radarlarından daha geniş menzilli ve daha az hassasiyete ihtiyaç gösteren bir hava savunma radarı. Normal görevi, belirli bir hava savunması hesabına, ya diğer hava savunma unsurları tarafından veya kendi araştırmasıyla ele geçirilmiş, belli başlı önem taşıyan hedefler temin etmek ve en uzak atış unsurlarına, bu hedefleri ele geçirip azami menzilde ateş altına alabilme imkanı sağlayacak hedef mevkii ile ilgili, yeterli menzil ve sıhhatte, bilgi vermektir. Bu hedef bilgileri, ya direkt olarak ya da ortaklaşa bağlı oldukları bir Kara Ordusu Hava Savunma Komuta Yeri aracılığı ile bataryalara intikal ettirilir. Bknz. "combat surveillance radar"
(Askeri) SAVUNMA GİZLİLİK DERECESİ: Savunma ile ilgili bilgi ve malzemeye verilmiş bir kategori veya derece. Bu kategori; bilgi ve malzemenin, yetki verilmeden açıklanması sonucu milli güvenlik bakımından doğacak tehlike derecesini ve kullanılma, saklanma ve dağıtımlarının standartlara bağlanmış olduğunu gösterir. Bu kategoriler ÖZEL, GİZLİ, ÇOK GİZLİ'dir. Bknz. "security classification"
(Askeri) SAVUNMA MUHABERE İRTİBATLARI DAİRESİ (HV.): Savunma Muhabere irtibatları sistemi, M. S. B. 'nın tadil edilmiş 12 MAYIS 1960 gün ve 5109 sayılı emirleriyle kurulmuştur. Müşterek Kurmay Başkanları kanalıyla M. S. B. 'na bağlı olan Savunma Muhabere İrtibatları Dairesi, savunma muhabere irtibatları sisteminin harekat kontrolu ve murakabesinden sorumludur
(Askeri) SAVUNMA KONSEYİ: DEFENSE EMERGENCY (AMERİKAN SAVUNMA BAKANLIĞI): ACİL SAVUNMA DURUMU: Aşağıdaki koşullarda beliren durum: a. Denizaşırı ABD kuvvetlerine veya herhangi bir harekat alanındaki müttefik kuvvetlere karşı yapılan ve Milli Savunma Bakanlığı tarafından tesis edilmiş bir komutanlık veya bir üst makamca teyit edilen büyük bir taarruz. b. ABD'ne karşı yapılan ve Milli Savunma Bakanlığı tarafından tesis edilmiş bir komutanlık veya bir üst makamca teyit edilen açık bir taarruz
(Askeri) (ABD SAVUNMA KURULU) ACİL SAVUNMA DURUMU: Aşağıdaki durumlarda mevcuttur: a. Denizaşırı ülkelerdeki milli kuvvetlere veya harekat alanındaki müttefik kuvvetlere karşı yapılan ve bir komutanlık veya daha yüksek bir makamca onaylanan bir taarruz. b. Ülkeye karşı yapılan ve bir komutanlık tarafından teyit edilen veya bir üst makamca onaylanan bir açık taarruz
(Askeri) DERİNLİĞİNE SAVUNMA: Birbirini karşılıklı destekleyen savunma mevzilerini; düşman taarruzlarının hızını kesip tedricen zayıflatacak, bütün mevziin düşman tarafından başlangıçta gözetlenmesini önleyecek ve komutana ihtiyatını istediği yerde kullanma imkanı verecek şekilde tertipleme
(Askeri) İNATLA SAVUNMA: Geri çekilmeden inatla direnme esasına dayanan savunma sistemi. Bu sistemi, arka arkaya sıralanmış mevzilerde, bir mevziden diğerine çekilmek suretiyle yapılan oyalama muharebesinin (delaying action) aksidir
(Askeri) SAVUNMA BİLGİLERİ: Milli Savunma yararına korunmayı gerektiren, genel bilgi mahiyetinde olmayan ve gerek ABD'ne, gerek müttefiklerine karşı harp planlama ve açmada bir düşman veya muhtemel düşman hesabına istihbarat değeri taşıyabilen resmi bilgiler. Bknz. "defense classification"
(Askeri) SAVUNMA PLANI: Bir düşman taarruzuna engel olmak veya taarruzu bozguna uğratmak için koordine edilmiş plan. Bir savunma planı; taktik tertiplenme, ateş, emniyet, hava desteği, araziyi savunma için hazırlama, karşı taarruz, muhabere, ulaştırma ve ikmal planlarını ihtiva eder. DEFENSE READINESS CONDITION (NATO, ABD SAVUNMA KURULU): SAVUNMA HAZIRLIK DURUMU: Bir birliğin gerçek harekat için hazırlık durumunu belirten bir sayı ya da kod kelimesi. Aynı zamanda "Hazırlık durumu" da denir. DEFENSE READINESS CONDITIONS (ABD SAVUNMA BAKANLIĞI): SAVUNMA HAZIRLIK DURUMLARI: Kuvvetler ve belirli ve birleşik birliklerin komutanları ile Genelkurmay Başkanı arasında gelişmiş alarm durumlarında kullanılan birleşik bir sistem. Savunma Hazırlık Durumları değişen askeri durumların ciddiliğine göre derecelendirilmiştir. Savunma Hazırlık Durumları DEFCON (5), (4), (3), (2) ve (1) olarak kısa başlıklarla belirtilir
(Askeri) SAVUNMA DENİZ ULAŞTIRMA MAKAMI: Ortak bir çabayı en etkili bir şekilde müttefik limanlar arasında desteklemekle görevlendirilen ticaret gemilerinin kullanılmasından sorumlu olan ve savaş zamanında teşkil edilen NATO sivil savaş zamanı grubu
(Askeri) BAKANLIK YİYECEK İKMAL MERKEZİ: Milli Savunma Bakanlığının bütün mensuplarına ait yiyecek maddelerinin ikmali ile ilgili tedarik, dağıtım, ikmal, muayene ve diğer işlerini yerine getiren bir tek yönetici (single manager) makamı
(Askeri) BAKANLIK İKMAL DAİRESİ STOKLARI: Bakanlık İkmal Dairesi kontrolu altında, ikmal dağıtım sistemi tarafından temin ve mevcudiyetleri devam ettirilen, tek kuvvet komutanlığı tasarrufu dışındaki stoklar
(Askeri) GENEL FAZLA SAVUNMA MALZEMESİ SATIŞ BÜROSU: Kara, Deniz, Hava Kuvvetleri ve deniz piyade sınıfı faaliyet merkezlerine ait genel fazla durumundaki menkul ordu mallarını satmak üzere M. S. B. lığınca görevlendirilmiş bir teşkil
(Askeri) SAVUNMA TRAFİK İDARESİ HİZMET BÖLGESİ: ABD dahilinde, bazı trafik idare görevlerini kolaylaştırmak maksadıyla tesis edilmiş belirli bölge. DEFENSE TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SERVICE REGIONAL OFFICE: SAVUNMA TRAFİK İDARESİ HİZMET BÖLGE BÜROSU
(Askeri) HAZIRLIKLI SAVUNMA: Düşmanla temasın bulunmadığı veya yakın olmadığı ve arazinin savunmaya hazırlanması için zaman mevcut olduğunda yapılan savunma. Bu savunma normalde; genel olarak küçük koruganlardan, engellerden ve muharebe sisteminden oluşan geniş bir tahkimatlı bölgeyi içine alır. Bak. "hasty defense"
(Askeri) (DOD) MİLLİ SAVUNMA BAKANLIĞI: Hükümetin Milli Savunma Bakanı, Bakanlık Bürosu, Harp Konseyi, Müşterek Kurmay Başkanları, Müşterek Kurmay Heyeti ve Müşterek Daireleri ile Kara, Deniz ve Hava Kuvvetleri Komutanlıklarından oluşan yürütme organı. Başında Milli Savunma Bakanı bulunur. Bu bakanlığa eskiden "National Military Establishment" denirdi
(Askeri) MİLLİ SAVUNMA BAKANLIĞI TANITMA ROZETİ: 18 Eylül 1947 tarihinden sonra Milli Savunma Bakanlığında veya Müttefik Kurul ve Komitelerinde 6 aylık görev yapıldığını gösteren madeni veya emaye rozet. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE INFORMATION SYSTEM: MİLLİ SAVUNMA BAKANLIĞI İSTİHBARAT BİLGİ SİSTEMİ: Askeri komutanlara ve milli seviyede karar verenlere istihbarat ve istihbarat bilgisi konularında zamanında ve detaylı bilgi sağlayan Milli Savunma Bakanlığı Personeli, yönetmelikleri, teçhizatı, bilgisayar programları ve destekleyici muhabereden oluşan bir topluluk. Ayrıca DODILS olarak bilinir
a defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him; "he gave evidence for the defense"
Coverage provided in most liability policies, which pays for the cost of defending the insured in the event of lawsuit regarding a covered loss Defense cost, in the auto policy, is said to be "unlimited," in that the policy requires the insurer to pay whatever is necessary to defend the Insured
The defendant's answer or plea; an opposing or denial of the truth or validity of the plaintiff's or prosecutor's case; the method of proceeding adopted by the defendant to protect himself against the plaintiff's action
(sports) the team that is trying to prevent the other team from scoring; "his teams are always good on defense"
protection from harm; "sanitation is the best defense against disease" military action or resources protecting a country against potential enemies; "they died in the defense of Stalingrad"; "they were developed for the defense program" a defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him; "he gave evidence for the defense" the justification for some act or belief; "he offered a persuasive defense of the theory" an organization of defenders that provides resistance against attack; "he joined the defense against invasion" the defendant and his legal advisors collectively; "the defense called for a mistrial" (sports) the team that is trying to prevent the other team from scoring; "his teams are always good on defense
The defendant's facts or arguments that demonstrate why the plaintiff is not entitled to the relief requested Top of Page
the justification for some act or belief; "he offered a persuasive defense of the theory"
see defence. the American spelling of defence. the players in a game of football etc whose main job is to try to prevent the other team from getting points. Black Panther Party for Self Defense civil defense defense economics defense mechanism European Defense Community Missile Defense Alarm System Midas self defense Self Defense Force Strategic Defense Initiative Committee for the Defense of Legitimate Rights
The defendant's facts or arguments that demonstrate why the plaintiff is not entitled to the relief requested
The team that is on the field, attempting to get three batters out and return to offense
A surprisingly nebulous concept which I describe as "disruption" Obviously, staying alive despite opponent efforts is disruption of their game But things like card-denial or a first-turn Black Vise or Strip Mining their crucial color lands are also disruptive, and therefore defensive
1 A denial, answer plea disputing the validity of a plaintiff's case, or making some further contention that renders the defendant not liable upon the facts alleged by the plaintiff
the federal department responsible for safeguarding national security of the UnitedStates; created in 1947
(sports) the team that is trying to prevent the other team from scoring; "his teams are always good on defense
A team's attempt to keep the opposing team from scoring The team without possession of the ball
The confidence that Americans' lives and personal safety, both at home and abroad, are protected and the United States' sovereignty, political freedom, and independence, with its values, institutions, and territory intact are maintained (synonymous with National Security)
the defendant and his legal advisors collectively; "the defense called for a mistrial"
military action or resources protecting a country against potential enemies; "they died in the defense of Stalingrad"; "they were developed for the defense program"
(noun) (1) The act of defending against attack, danger, or injury (2) A means or method of defending or protecting
or Defence French défense: Latin defensa: defendere, to strike down or away, ward off, repel Mid Eng defence 2 That which is offered by a defendant as sufficient to defeat a suit - by denying, justifying, or confessing and avoiding, the cause of action A term used in common law pleading in the sense merely of "denial" U S v Ordway, 30 F R 32 (1887)
Each of these represents a different type of defense We will go over channels and defense later Armor and magic can increase and decrease these values
Act or skill in making defense; defensive plan or policy; practice in self defense, as in fencing, boxing, etc
In a civil case, the facts or arguments presented by the defendant to show why the plaintiff doesn't have a right to the relief asked for In a criminal case, the reasons why a defendant should not be convicted of the charge(s)
That which is offered and alleged by the party proceeded against in an action or suit, as a reason in law or fact why the plaintiff should not recover or establish what he seeks; what is put forward to diminish plaintiffs cause of action or defeat recovery
The team defending their goal line The defense does not have the ball; rather, they attempt to keep the offense from passing or running the ball over their (the defense's) goal line
A measure of a pitcher's effectiveness based only on plays that do not involve fielders. Originally included only hit-by-pitch, walks, strikeouts, and home runs allowed, but more recently incorporates fly ball percentage, ground ball percentage, and line drive percentage
(Kanun) An extension of the federal workers' compensation program that covers longshoremen and harbor workers, the Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act 33 U.S.C. §§ 901–950. It covers persons employed at United States defense bases overseas. It is designed to provide medical treatment and compensation to employees of defense contractors injured in the scope and course of employment
Field of national economic management concerned with peacetime and wartime military expenditures. It arose in response to the greater scale and sophistication of warfare in the 20th century. Most nations seek to avoid the vast financial and human costs of war which include the lost earnings of those killed or injured, lifetime medical care needed for those permanently incapacitated, and losses to the economy caused by diverting resources from investments in future economic capacity by maintaining a level of military preparedness sufficient to deter aggressors. Peacetime defense economics focuses on issues of allocation of resources between the military and civilian sectors, the relative size and character of the various armed forces, and the choice and design of their weapons
a combat support agency in the Department of Defense responsible for developing and operating and supporting information systems to serve the needs of the President and the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff
In psychoanalytic theory, an often unconscious mental process (such as repression) that makes possible compromise solutions to personal problems or conflicts. The compromise generally involves concealing from oneself internal drives or feelings that threaten to lower self-esteem or provoke anxiety. The term was first used by Sigmund Freud in 1894. The major defense mechanisms are repression, the process by which unacceptable desires or impulses are excluded from consciousness; reaction formation, a mental or emotional response that represents the opposite of what one really feels; projection, the attribution of one's own ideas, feelings, or attitudes (especially blame, guilt, or sense of responsibility) to others; regression, reversion to an earlier mental or behavioral level; denial, the refusal to accept the existence of a painful fact; rationalization, the substitution of rational and creditable motives for the true (but threatening) ones; and sublimation, the diversion of an instinctual desire or impulse from its primitive form to a more socially or culturally acceptable form. See also ego; neurosis; psychoanalysis
the US government department which is responsible for the military forces in the US, that is, the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines. In the UK there is a similar department called the Ministry of Defence. Pentagon
A satirical term for any legal strategy or propaganda strategy that seeks to overwhelm its audience with nonsensical arguments, as a way of confusing the audience and drowning out legitimate opposing arguments
A system proposed by U.S. President Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983, to use ground-based and space-based systems to protect the United States from attack by strategic nuclear ballistic missiles. Abbreviation: SDI
U.S. African American revolutionary party founded in 1966 by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale (b. 1936) in Oakland, Calif. Its original purpose was to protect African Americans from acts of police brutality. Eventually the Panthers developed into a Marxist revolutionary group that called for the arming of African Americans, their exemption from the draft, the release of all African American prisoners, and payment of compensation to African Americans for centuries of exploitation by white Americans. By the late 1960s it had more than 2,000 members, with chapters in several major cities; an early spokesman was Eldridge Cleaver (1935-98). Conflicts with police in the late 1960s and early '70s led to shoot-outs in California, New York, and Chicago, one of which resulted in Newton's imprisonment for the murder of a police officer. Though some members of the party were guilty of criminal acts, the entire group was subjected to violent attacks by police and harassment by other government agencies, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Police activities in dealing with the Panthers were later the subject of congressional investigations. By the mid-1970s, having lost many members and having fallen out of favour with African American leaders, the party turned to providing social services in African American neighbourhoods. By the early 1980s it had effectively disbanded
Arabic Lajnat al-Dif an al-uqq al-Shariyyah Sunnite Muslim group opposed to the ruling Saud dynasty in Saudi Arabia. The group was founded in 1992 and consists largely of academics and lower-level Muslim clergy. It considers itself a pressure group for peaceful reform and for improving human rights in Saudi Arabia but also agitates against what it perceives as the political corruption of the Saudi government and ruling family. Its leader is a former physics professor, Muammad ibn al-Masaar. In 1994, after experiencing government repression, the group moved its headquarters to London. Despite its claim to advocate peaceful change, the group has been accused of aiding Islamic militants seeking to overthrow the Saudi government
(Confession and avoidance) A defense that concedes allegations of the complaint but that pleads facts that nullify any implication of wrongdoing or liability A familiar example is the defense of payment to a suit on a debt (I owed the debt, but I paid it in full)
In criminal law, a defense asserted by a defendant, who has the burden of producing the evidence to support it In civil cases, an affirmative defense may be asserted by a defendant or by a plaintiff in opposition to a counterclaim An affirmative defense must be established by a preponderance of the evidence and the party asserting it has the burden of proof
New evidence offered by the defendant in an action which my serve to prove a new fact While not denying the charge, the defendant presents this evidence to avoid judgment against him or her A classic example of this is the entrapment defense
A unit attacked by an enemy can return fire and engage in defensive combat By spending 1 CP, the unit can engage in a disciplined defence, which allows it to fire normally A unit attacked by an enemy but having no CP can only mount a ragged defence, where all weapons fire and combat is done with a -2 penalty, and all weapons are fired at their maximum rate of fire
In games such as football or hockey, the defence is the group of players in a team who try to stop the opposing players scoring a goal or a point. Their defence, so strong last season, has now conceded 12 goals in six games I still prefer to play in defence. attack
The defendant's answer or plea; an opposing or denial of the truth or validity of the plaintiff's or prosecutor's case; the method of proceeding adopted by the defendant to protect himself against the plaintiff's action
The defence is the case that is presented by a lawyer in a trial for the person who has been accused of a crime. You can also refer to this person's lawyers as the defence. The defence was that the records of the interviews were fabricated by the police
Defence is the organization of a country's armies and weapons, and their use to protect the country or its interests. Twenty eight percent of the federal budget is spent on defense. the French defence minister
Defence is action that is taken to protect someone or something against attack. The land was flat, giving no scope for defence By wielding a knife in defence you run the risk of having it used against you
to move to defend against an threat, e g to protect a piece that is attacked; more generally, a period of the game where the player is meeting and anticipating threats during an attack Also used for opening systems chosen by Black, e g King's Indian Defence There is a section in the Canon on Defence
de·fence·less in AM, use defenseless If someone or something is defenceless, they are weak and unable to defend themselves properly. a savage attack on a defenceless young girl. = helpless. weak and unable to protect yourself from attack or harm
defensive structure consisting of a barrier that can be employed for defense against attack any organization whose responsibility it is to defend against something; "police are the major line of defense against crime
In criminal law, an affirmative defense (e.g., to a murder charge) alleging that the defendant used serious force necessarily for self-protection. The claim of self-defense must normally rely on a reasonable belief that the other party intended to inflict great bodily harm or death and that avoidance by retreating was impossible. See also homicide
The protection of one's person or property against some injury attempted by another The law of "self-defense" justifies an act done in the reasonable belief of immediate danger When acting in justifiable self-defense, a person may not be punished criminally nor held responsible for civil damages
a terrorist organization in Colombia formed in 1997 as an umbrella for local and regional paramilitary groups; is financed by earnings from narcotics and serves to protect the economic interests of its members; "the AUC conducted over 800 assassinationsin one year
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