osborne

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John Osborne james
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A male given name, occasionally transferred from the surname
An English surname
Osborne John James Reynolds Osborne Wilson Edward Osborne
occasionally transferred from the surname
English playwright (1929-1994)
Osborne Reynolds
born Aug. 23, 1842, Belfast, Ire. died Feb. 21, 1912, Watchet, Somerset, Eng. British engineer and physicist. Educated at Cambridge University, he became the first professor of engineering at the University of Manchester (1868). Best known for his work in hydraulics and hydrodynamics, he formulated the law of resistance in parallel channels (1883), the theory of lubrication (1886), and the standard mathematical framework used in turbulence work (1889). He studied wave engineering and tidal motions in rivers and made pioneering contributions to the concept of group velocity. The Reynolds stress in fluids with turbulent motion and the Reynolds number are named for him
Edward Osborne Wilson
born June 10, 1929, Birmingham, Ala., U.S. U.S. biologist. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University, where he taught from 1956. Recognized as the world's leading authority on ants, he discovered their use of pheromone for communication. His The Insect Societies (1971) was the definitive treatment of the subject. In 1975 he published Sociobiology, a highly controversial and influential study of the genetic basis of social behaviour in which he claimed that even a characteristic such as unselfish generosity may be genetically based and may have evolved through natural selection, that preservation of the gene rather than the individual is the focus of evolutionary strategy, and that the essentially biological principles on which animal societies are based apply also to human social behaviour. In On Human Nature (1978, Pulitzer Prize) he explored sociobiology's implications in regard to human aggression, sexuality, and ethics. With Bert Hölldobler he wrote the major study The Ants (1990, Pulitzer Prize). In The Diversity of Life (1992) he examined how the world's species became diverse and the massive extinctions caused by 20th-century human activities. In Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge (1998) he proposed that all of existence can be organized and understood in accordance with a few fundamental natural laws
John James Osborne
born Dec. 12, 1929, London, Eng. died Dec. 24, 1994, Shropshire British playwright and film producer. Initially an actor, he cowrote his first play, The Devil Inside Him (1950), with Stella Linden. His Look Back in Anger (1956; film, 1959) ushered in a spate of vigorously realistic plays about contemporary British working-class life, making Osborne the first of the postwar Angry Young Men. His next play, The Entertainer (1957; film, 1960), told the story of a failing music-hall comedian; it was commissioned by the actor Laurence Olivier, who starred in the stage and film versions. Osborne wrote the screenplay for the film Tom Jones (1963, Academy Award), and his other plays include Luther (1961) and Inadmissible Evidence (1964)
John Osborne
a British writer of plays who became known as an Angry Young Man when he criticized British society in the 1950s. His most famous work is Look Back in Anger (1929-94). born Dec. 12, 1929, London, Eng. died Dec. 24, 1994, Shropshire British playwright and film producer. Initially an actor, he cowrote his first play, The Devil Inside Him (1950), with Stella Linden. His Look Back in Anger (1956; film, 1959) ushered in a spate of vigorously realistic plays about contemporary British working-class life, making Osborne the first of the postwar Angry Young Men. His next play, The Entertainer (1957; film, 1960), told the story of a failing music-hall comedian; it was commissioned by the actor Laurence Olivier, who starred in the stage and film versions. Osborne wrote the screenplay for the film Tom Jones (1963, Academy Award), and his other plays include Luther (1961) and Inadmissible Evidence (1964)
osborne

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    Os·borne

    Türkçe nasıl söylenir

    ôzbôrn

    Telaffuz

    /ˈôzˌbôrn/ /ˈɔːzˌbɔːrn/

    Etimoloji

    [ 'äz-b&rn, -"born, -"b ] (biographical name.) From a medieval given name derived from Old Norse Ásbjǫrn, "god" + "bear".

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