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An English surname
John Locke (1632 – 1704); an influential English philosopher of the Enlightenment and social contract theorist
{i} John Locke (1632-1704), English philosopher; Alain Locke (1886-1954), American educator and philosopher
John Locke (1632 - 1704); an influential English philosopher of the Enlightenment and social contract theorist. He argued that a government could only be legitimate if it received the consent of the governed and protected the natural rights of the governed. If such consent was not given, citizens had a right of rebellion. His writings influenced the American revolutionaries as reflected in the American Declaration of Independence
American educator and writer who was a leader of the Harlem Renaissance. His works include Four Negro Poets (1927) and Negro Art: Past and Present (1936). English philosopher. In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690) he set out the principles of empiricism, and his Two Treatises on Government (1690) influenced the Declaration of Independence
English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
Alain Locke
(1886-1954) American educator and philosopher who wrote "The New Negro" and who was influential in the Harlem Renaissance
John Locke
(1632-1704) English philosopher and political theorist (author of "Essay Concerning Human Understanding")
John Locke
an English philosopher who developed the idea of empiricism in his Essay Concerning Human Understanding. In his Two Treatises on Civil Government he wrote that a king or government received the right to rule from the people and not from God, and that the people should be able to change their government if they were not satisfied with it. These ideas influenced the Declaration of Independence in the US (1632-1704). born Aug. 29, 1632, Wrington, Somerset, Eng. died Oct. 28, 1704, Oates, Essex English philosopher. Educated at Oxford, principally in medicine and science, he later became physician and adviser to the future 3rd earl of Shaftesbury (1667-72). He moved to France, but after Shaftesbury's fall in 1683 he fled to the Netherlands, where he supported the future William III. Locke returned to England after the Glorious Revolution (1688) to become commissioner of appeals, a post he held until his death. In his major philosophical work, Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690), he argued that knowledge begins in sensation or introspection rather than in innate ideas, as the philosophers of rationalism held. From sensation and reflection the mind receives "ideas," which are the material of knowledge. Some ideas represent actual qualities of objects (such as size, shape, or weight) and others perceived qualities, which do not exist in objects except as they affect observers (such as colour, taste, or smell); Locke called the former qualities "primary" and the latter "secondary." Ideas that are given directly in sensation or reflection are simple, and simple ideas may be "compounded" to form complex ideas. Locke did not succeed in giving a clear account of the origin of the idea of substance (it is "a something-I-know-not-what") or the idea of the "self," though his account of personal identity in terms of memory was influential. In the philosophy of language, he identified the meanings of words with ideas rather than things. In Two Treatises of Government (1690), he defended a doctrine of natural rights and a conception of political authority as limited and conditional on the ruler's fulfillment of his obligation to serve the public good. A classic formulation of the principles of political liberalism, this work influenced the American and French revolutions and the Constitution of the U.S. He is considered the founding figure of British empiricism