gestalt psychology

listen to the pronunciation of gestalt psychology
İngilizce - Türkçe
Gestalt psikolojisi
(isim) geştalt psikolojisi
form psikolojisi
İngilizce - İngilizce
{i} school of psychology that considers mental processes to be complete "wholes" which cannot be broken down into separate components
The school or theory in psychology holding that psychological, physiological, and behavioral phenomena are irreducible experiential configurations not derivable from a simple summation of perceptual elements such as sensation and response. Twentieth-century school of psychology that provided the foundation for the modern study of perception. The German term Gestalt, referring to how a thing has been "put together" (gestellt), is often translated as "pattern" or "configuration" in psychology. Its precepts, formulated as a reaction against the atomistic orientation of previous theories, emphasized that the whole of anything is different from the sum of its parts: organisms tend to perceive entire patterns or configurations rather than bits and pieces. The school emerged in Austria and Germany at the end of the 19th century and gained impetus through the works of Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler, and Kurt Koffka (1886-1941); its principles were later expanded by Kurt Lewin. A form of psychotherapy only loosely related to Gestalt principles and influenced by existentialism and phenomenology was developed by Frederick S. (Fritz) Perls (1893-1970) in the 1940s. Gestalt therapy directs the client toward appreciating the form, meaning, and value of his perceptions and actions
A school of psychology
An approach to psychology that focuses on the organization of perception and thinking in a "whole" sense, rather than on the individual elements of perception gestalt_psychology (217 0K)
A school in psychology that emphasizes the organized character of human experience and behaviour Gestalt is a German word that means form, pattern, or configuration Gestalt psychology thus emphasizes the study of wholes or whole patterns
A school of psychology founded in Germany in the 1910s
(psychology) a theory of psychology that emphasizes the importance of configurational properties
The school of thought based on the belief that human consciousness cannot be broken down into its elements (p 8)
(pronounced "gess-TAHLT") a school of psychology holding that psychological phenomena are best understood when viewed as organized, structured wholes, rather than when analyzed into numerous components
gestalt psychology