listen to the pronunciation of serf
Englisch - Türkisch
{i} derebeylik kölesi
toprağa bağlı köle
{i} ortaçağ köylüsü
{i} köle
{i} serflik
Türkisch - Türkisch
Englisch - Englisch
A similar agricultural labourer in 18th and 19th century Europe
A semifree peasant of a low hereditary class, slavishly attached to the land owned by a feudal lord and required to perform labour, enjoying minimal legal or customary rights
A worker unit
{n} a servant or stave employed in husbandry
(Middle Ages) a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord
Someone who is affiliated with, but not a member of, any House
A peasant Essentially a slave in medieval times
In former times, serfs were a class of people who had to work on a particular person's land and could not leave without that person's permission. someone in the past who lived and worked on land that they did not own and who had to obey the owner of the land slave (1) peasant (servus; SERVE)
A peasant attached to the land owned by a lord and required to perform labour in return for certain legal or customary rights
{i} indentured servant, vassal, servant who is bound to a feudal lord and can be transferred with the estate; slave, person held in bondage
(N) -a slave
A servant or slave employed in husbandry, and in some countries attached to the soil and transferred with it, as formerly in Russia
Serf Semi-free peasant who worked his lord's demesne and paid him certain dues in return for the use of land, the possession (not ownership) of which was heritable These dues, usually called corvee, were usually in the form of labour on the lord's land Generally this averaged three days a week Serfs were generally classified as: 'Cottagers', 'small-holders', or 'villeins' although the later originally meant free peasants who were burdened with additional rents and services
a worker unit (Synonyms: peasant, peon, villager)
in the feudal system, a person who was bound to the land of his lord and who was transferred with the land when ownership changed
The state of being a serf
The feudal system that includes serfs
the state of a serf
{i} slavery, indenture, bondage; status of serfs, standing of servants
If someone was in a state of serfdom, they were a serf. the system of using serfs, or the state of being a serf. In medieval Europe, condition of a tenant farmer who was bound to a hereditary plot of land and to the will of his landlord. Serfs differed from slaves in that slaves could be bought and sold without reference to land, whereas serfs changed lords only when the land they worked changed hands. From about the 2nd century AD, large privately owned estates in the Roman Empire that had been worked by slaves were broken up and given to peasant farmers. These farmers came to depend on larger landowners for protection in turbulent times, and swearing fealty to a proprietor became common practice. In 332 Constantine I established serfdom legally by requiring tenant farmers to pay labour services to their lords. As serfs, they could not marry, change occupations, or move without the permission of their lords, to whom they were required to give a major portion of their harvest. The development of centralized political power, the labour shortage caused by the Black Death, and endemic peasant uprisings in the 14th and 15th centuries led to the gradual emancipation of serfs in western Europe. In eastern Europe serfdom became more entrenched during that period; the peasants of the Austro-Hungarian Empire were freed in the late 18th century, and Russia's serfs were freed in 1861. See also feudalism
The state or condition of a serf
The system of serfdom was the social and economic system by which the owners of land had serfs
plural of serf
Türkisch - Englisch