commutation

listen to the pronunciation of commutation
İngilizce - İngilizce
The act of giving one thing for another; barter; exchange
A passing from one state to another; change; alteration; mutation
The reversal of an electric current
Substitution of one thing for another; interchange
Substitution, as a means of discriminating between phonemes
Specifically, the substitution of one kind of payment for another, especially a switch to monetary payment from obligations of labour

Professor Postan has argued in favour of a rapid move towards commutation in the twelfth century which slackened or even went into reverse in the course of the thirteenth.

The change to a lesser penalty or punishment by the State

Monsieur the Marquis de Sade now holed up in one of his châteaux while his wife worked for the commutation of a sentence passed on him recently for poisoning and buggery.

{n} a change of one thing for another
The process of converting all or part of your income stream into a 'lump sum'
In the event of the termination of this contract, the Reinsurer shall be released from all further liability to the company for all loss and allocated loss expense not finally settled by the company as of the date of termination In consideration of that release, the Reinsurer shall pay to the Company all amounts of loss and allocated loss expense due for losses finally settled
The process of converting an income stream such as a pension to a lump sum
Agreement to swap future insurer claims liabilities into a cash payment to the buyer
The change of a punishment from a greater degree to a lesser degree, as from death to life imprisonment
- In the event of the termination of this contract, the Reinsurer shall be released from all further liability to the company for all loss and allocated loss expense not finally settled by the company as of the date of termination In consideration of that release, the Reinsurer shall pay to the Company all amounts of loss and allocated loss expense due for losses finally settled
A substitution, an exchange, or an interchange
{i} exchange, replacement; conversion; act of commuting (traveling back and forth regularly)
a substitution of one form of payment for another, or one payment for many, or a specific sum of money for conditional payments or allowances; as, commutation of tithes; commutation of fares; commutation of copyright; commutation of rations
The change of punishment for a greater degree to a lesser degree, as from death to life imprisonment
A term which refers to the action of steering currents or voltages to the proper motor phases so as to produce optimum motor torque In brush type motors, commutation is done electromechanically via the brushes and commutator In brushless motors, commutation is done by the switching electronics using rotor position information obtained by Hall sensors, a tachometer, or resolver
the conversion of all or part of an annuity or pension to a Lump Sum
Law Reduction of a penalty to a less severe one
controlling the currents or voltages in the motor phases in an effort to optimize motor performance; can be achieved mechanically or electrically
In an SCR circuit, momentarily reversing the polarity to turn the SCR off
The reduction of a sentence, as from death to life imprisonment
a reduction in how severe a punishment is
The change of a penalty or punishment by the pardoning power of the State; as, the commutation of a sentence of death to banishment or imprisonment
the travel of a commuter
a warrant substituting a lesser punishment for a greater one
the travel of a commuter (law) the reduction in severity of a punishment imposed by law a warrant substituting a lesser punishment for a greater one
Commutation occurs when a beneficiary's interest in a trust is repurchased in advance of the termination of the trust, possibly based on actuarial values of those remainder interests prior to the termination of the trust A QPRT cannot be commuted
(law) the reduction in severity of a punishment imposed by law
The giving up of part or the entire pension that would be paid at retirement in exchange for a lump sum Applied to any exchange of a series of payments to which someone is entitled for a lump sum In the case of approved pension arrangements the amount that is commutable is strictly limited
A substitution, as of a less thing for a greater, esp
Change of punishment from a greater to a lesser degree or ending a sentence that has been partially served
Correct at 30 June 2002
the act of putting one thing or person in the place of another: "he sent Smith in for Jones but the substitution came too late to help"
A substitution, as of a less thing for a greater, esp. a substitution of one form of payment for another, or one payment for many, or a specific sum of money for conditional payments or allowances; as, commutation of tithes; commutation of fares; commutation of copyright; commutation of rations
The phenomenon of opening a semiconductor switch (for example a IGBT or a GTO) which is conducting a current
commutation ticket
379, and in 145 U
commutation ticket
A ticket for transportation at a reduced rate in consideration of some special circumstance, as increase of travel; specif
commutation ticket
" a ticket good for several trips or to attend a season of entertainments; sold at a reduced rate
commutation ticket
263 it was held that party tickets were also excepted as being "obviously within the commuting principle
commutation ticket
A ticket issued at a reduced rate by a railroad or other transportation company for passage over a given route for a specified number of trips
commutation ticket
reduced season ticket for multiple trips
commutation ticket
4, 1887 24 Stat
commutation ticket
Commutation tickets are excepted from the prohibition against special rates contained in the Interstate Commerce Act of Feb
commutation ticket
a ticket good for several trips or to attend a season of entertainments; sold at a reduced rate
commutation ticket
a ticket for a certain number of, or for daily, trips between neighboring places at a reduced rate, such as are commonly used by those doing business in a city and living in a suburb
commutation