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one of the Cimmerii, ancient equestrian nomads of Indo-European origin

In his reign the Cimmerians, driven from their homes by the nomads of Scythia, entered Asia and captured Sardis.

the prophetic priestess presiding over the Apollonian Oracle at Cimmerium in Italy

Varro relates that there were ten Sibyls,—the first of the Persians, the second the Libyan, the third the Delphian, the fourth the Cimmerian.

any of the mythical people supposed to inhabit a land of perpetual darkness

On their mysterious shores were the improbable homes of impossible peoples. The Great Sea, the Broad Sea, the Boundless Sea; the Ethiopians, dwelling far away, the most distant of men, and the Cimmerians, covered with darkness and cloud, where baleful night is spread over timid mortals..

perpetually dark or gloomy

the darkness of antiquated barbarism, in which he buries himself like a mole, to throw up the barren hillocks of his Cimmerian labours.

mentally dark; ignorant

The source of man’s unhappiness is his ignorance of Nature.... To remove this Cimmerian darkness... requires the clue of Ariadne.

{a} relating to the Crimea on the north of the Euxine, formerly thought to be perpetually dark
adj. Any member of an ancient people living north of the Caucasus and the Sea of Azov. Their origins are obscure; linguistically they are usually regarded as Thracian or Iranian. Driven by the Scythians out of southern Russia and over the Caucasus, they entered Anatolia toward the end of the 8th century BC. In 696-695 BC they conquered Phrygia. They reached the summit of their power in 652 after taking Sardis, capital of Lydia. Their decline soon began, and their final defeat may be dated from 637 or 626, when they were routed by Alyattes of Lydia
{s} very dark or gloomy
intensely dark and gloomy as with perpetual darkness; "the Cimmerian gloom
Without any light; intensely dark
intensely dark and gloomy as with perpetual darkness; "the Cimmerian gloom a darkness that could be felt"-Norman Douglas
Pertaining to the Cimmerii, a fabulous people, said to have lived, in very ancient times, in profound and perpetual darkness
a darkness that could be felt"-Norman Douglas
Cimmerian Bosporus
Ancient Greek kingdom, in modern southern Ukraine. It was first settled by Milesians (6th century BC) at Panticapaeum, which later became the capital. Gradually the kingdom grew to include all of the Crimea. It maintained close ties with Athens in 5th-3rd century BC, reaching the peak of its power in the 4th century BC. It came under the rule of Mithradates VI of Pontus 100 BC. For 300 years it belonged to the Roman empire, and after AD 342 it was alternately under barbarian and Byzantine control