listen to the pronunciation of bourgeoisie
İngilizce - İngilizce
The capitalist class
The middle class
The economically dominant (and thus ruling) class in a capitalist society, the bourgeoisie owns the means of production and employs wage labour; this class stands in opposition to the working class An individual member of the bourgeoisie is called a ‘bourgeois’
{i} middle class, European middle class
Karl Marx's term for the capitalist class, comprising the owners of the means of production (See 193)
the social class between the lower and upper classes
Karl Marx's term for the class comprised of those who own and control the means of production
Defined by Karl Marx (1818-1883) as a class in society whose members own the means of production
The estate in medieval Europe composed principally of merchants and artisans dwelling in towns In modern capitalism it refers to the class that owns capital
French term referring to the owners of capital In today's terms, they would be the owners of large businesses
capitalist class - i e owners of the means of production in a capitalist system
The French middle class, particularly such as are concerned in, or dependent on, trade
According to Marx, the middle class, the owners of the means of production who exploited the working class
In Marxist theory, the bourgeoisie are the middle-class people who own most of the wealth in a capitalist system. the suppression of the proletariat by the bourgeoisie. see also petit bourgeoisie. the bourgeoisie the people in a society who are rich, educated, own land etc, according to Marxism the proletariat (bourgeois; BOURGEOIS). In social and political theory, the social order dominated by the property-owning class. The term arose in medieval France, where it denoted the inhabitant of a walled town. The concept of the bourgeoisie is most closely associated with Karl Marx and those who were influenced by him. According to Marx, the bourgeoisie plays a heroic role in history by revolutionizing industry and modernizing society; however, it also seeks to monopolize the benefits of modernization and exploit the property-less proletariat, thereby creating revolutionary tensions. The end result will be a final revolution in which the property of the bourgeoisie is expropriated and class conflict, exploitation, and the state are abolished. Much employed by 19th-century social reformers, the term had nearly disappeared from the vocabulary of political writers and politicians by the mid 20th century. In popular speech, it connotes philistinism, materialism, and a striving concern for "respectability." See also social class
term used by Marx and Engels to refer to the capitalist class or the owners of the means of production; according to Marx and Engels the bourgeoisie exploited the proletariat During the Middle Ages, bourgeoisie referred to the townspeople, or middle class
This term refers to a particular social group, or class; the economic and political engines that make up a ruling class in a liberal democracy In their possession, they have a greater share of the nation's wealth Their wealth buys them influence in matters of the social, political, and cultural They are the captains of industry, whose considerable wealth allows them to dictate policy, tastes, norms, and patterns of civil behavior Their interests, and the pursuit of those interests, will at times shape and define the notions of culture; given their immense influence, and control, over the activities of cultural production
Karl Marx's term for the capitalist class, comprising the owners of the means of production (p 223)
The class of modern capitalists, owners of the means of social production and employers of wage labor
comprador bourgeoisie
A section of an indigenous middle class allied with foreign investors, multi-national corporations, bankers, and military interests
petite bourgeoisie
the lower middle class
petty bourgeoisie
A social class of that bourgeoisie that typically works alongside their employees if they have any, exemplified by shopkeepers and professionals
petit bourgeoisie
disapproval The petit bourgeoisie are people in the lower middle class
petite bourgeoisie
The lower middle class, including minor businesspeople, tradespeople, and craftworkers
petty bourgeoisie
see petit bourgeoisie
petty bourgeoisie
middle class



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    /ˌbo͝orˌᴢʜwäˈzē/ /ˌbʊrˌʒwɑːˈziː/


    [ "bu(r)zh-"wä-'zE ] (noun.) 1707. From French bourgeoisie bourgeois, “burghers”, i.e., inhabitants of towns.

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