التركية النطق staut
علم أصول الكلمات [ 'staut ] (adjective.) 14th century. From Middle English stout from Old French estout "brave, fierce, proud" (Modern French dialectal stout "proud"), earlier estolt "strong", of Germanic origin, from Proto-Germanic *stultaz (“proud, stately, stiff”) from PGmc base *stil-, *stal-, *stul- (“to be solid, stationary, firm, stiff”) from PIE base *stel- (“to put, stand”); cognate with Dutch stout 'stout, bold, rash', Middle Low German stolt (“stately, proud”), German stolz (“proud, haughty, arrogant, stately”), Old Norse stoltr "proud" (Danish stolt "proud"). Meaning "strong in body, powerfully built" is attested from c.1386, but has been displaced by the (often euphemistic) meaning "thick-bodied, fat and large," which is first recorded 1804. Original sense preserved in stout-hearted (1552). The noun "strong, dark-brown beer" is first recorded 1677, from the adjective.