(Denizcilik) Bastika, tel halat veya zincirlerin istikametlerini muhafaza etmek ya da değiştirmek için kullanılan tertibat veya araçlar. Halat veya zincir bu sayede makara, tambura vesaireye düz bir şekilde ve karışmadan girer. Bu tertibat, kılavuz tamburalı, makaralı veya zincir ya da tel halatın kolaylıkla üzerinde kayabildiği düz delik veya yuvalarda olabilir
born Feb. 20, 1967, Aberdeen, Wash., U.S. died April 5, 1994, Seattle, Wash. U.S. rock musician. He formed the rock trio Nirvana in Aberdeen in 1986. The band, whose style derived from punk rock, combined the fury of that genre with anguished lyrics, a style that, together with their torn jeans and flannel shirts, became known as grunge rock. Their first album, Bleach (1989), was followed by Nevermind (1991), featuring the hit "Smells Like Teen Spirit"; it was the first punk-oriented album to achieve popularity with a mainstream audience. Cobain was elevated to prominence, but with the album In Utero (1993) he railed against his fame. Known for his self-destructive behaviour and heroin use, he shot and killed himself in his home
born May 14, 1867, Berlin, Prussia died Feb. 21, 1919, Munich, Ger. German journalist and politician. From 1898 he was editor of Vorwärts, the official Social Democratic Party newspaper. He joined the Independent Social Democratic Party in 1917, later becoming its leader. In November 1918 he organized a Socialist revolution that overthrew the monarchy in Bavaria, and he became first prime minister and minister of foreign affairs of the new Bavarian republic. In February 1919 he was assassinated by a reactionary zealot
born April 28, 1906, Brünn, Austria-Hungary died Jan. 14, 1978, Princeton, N.J., U.S. Austrian-born U.S. mathematician and logician. He began his career on the faculty of the University of Vienna, where he produced his groundbreaking proof (see Gödel's theorem) in the early 1930s. He emigrated to the U.S. in 1940 and taught at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton. There his close friendship with Albert Einstein led him into the field of general relativity theory and to solutions of some of Einstein's equations. A quiet and unassuming man, Gödel did not at first recognize the importance of his famous theorem, and later in life he declined many of the honours that it brought him
born Jan. 12, 1901, Wasseralfingen, Ger. died May 22, 1979, Heilbronn, W.Ger. German dancer, teacher, and choreographer. After studying dance with Rudolf Laban (1920-24), he established a school and company. He became ballet master at the Essen Opera House in 1930, where he choreographed his signature ballet, The Green Table (1932). He moved his school and company to England in 1934, and his renamed Ballets Jooss toured worldwide until disbanding in 1947. He returned in 1949 to Essen, where he continued to choreograph works that combined ballet and modern dance in an Expressionist style
v. born Nov. 11, 1922, Indianapolis, Ind., U.S. U.S. novelist. He attended Cornell University and the University of Chicago. Captured by the Germans during World War II, he also survived the Allied firebombing of Dresden, an experience he made part of his novel Slaughterhouse-Five (1969; film, 1972). His pessimistic and satirical novels use fantasy and science fiction to highlight the horrors and ironies of 20th-century civilization. They include Player Piano (1952), Cat's Cradle (1963), Breakfast of Champions (1973), Galápagos (1985), and Timequake (1997). He also wrote plays and collections of short stories
born March 2, 1900, Dessau, Ger. died April 3, 1950, New York. N.Y., U.S. German-born U.S. composer. Son of a cantor, by age 15 he was working as a theatre accompanist. He studied composition briefly with Engelbert Humperdinck, and a conductor's post gave him wide experience. For a master class with Ferruccio Busoni (1920), he wrote his first symphony. He gained attention with his one-act opera Der Protagonist (1925); its sparse and spiky style prefigured that of his greatest works. In 1927 he teamed with Bertolt Brecht to write The Threepenny Opera (1928) in a new "cabaret" style; the musical had enormous success in Berlin and elsewhere. In 1930 the two produced The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny. When the Nazis took power in 1933, he fled to Paris with his wife, Lotte Lenya, where he wrote The Seven Deadly Sins (1933). In 1935 the couple immigrated to the U.S.; there he collaborated on musicals such as Knickerbocker Holiday (1938) and Lost in the Stars (1949). Two of his songs, the "Morität" ("Mack the Knife") from Threepenny Opera and "September Song" from Knickerbocker Holiday, have remained especially popular
born Sept. 9, 1890, Mogilno, Ger. died Feb. 12, 1947, Newtonville, Mass., U.S. German-U.S. social psychologist. After training and teaching in Berlin, he immigrated to the U.S., where he taught at the University of Iowa (1935-45) and later became director of a group dynamics research centre at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1945-47). He is best known for his field theory of behaviour, which holds that human behaviour is a function of an individual's psychological environment. To fully understand and predict human behaviour, according to Lewin, one must view the totality of events in a person's psychological field, or "lifespace." His works include A Dynamic Theory of Personality (1935) and Field Theory in Social Science (1951)
born June 20, 1887, Hannover, Ger. died Jan. 8, 1948, Little Langdale, Westmorland, Eng. German Dada artist and poet. Associated with the Berlin Dadaists from 1918, he moved back to Hannover in 1924. He assembled collages and other constructions from everyday objects (train tickets, wooden spools, newspapers, postage stamps); his poems were composites of newspaper headlines, advertising slogans, and other printed ephemera. He referred to all his artistic activities and later to all his daily activities and even to himself as Merz, the syllable left when he snipped letters from Kommerzbank ("Commercial Bank"). When the Nazis declared his art "degenerate" in 1937, he moved to Norway and later to England
born Dec. 21, 1918, Sankt Andrä-Wördern, Austria Fourth secretary-general of the United Nations (1972-81). After military service in the German army before and during World War II, he entered the Austrian foreign service and served successively as ambassador to Canada (1958-60) and the UN (1964-68, 1970-71) and as foreign minister (1968-70). Elected to succeed U Thant as UN secretary-general, he served two terms, during which he oversaw disaster relief in Bangladesh, Nicaragua, and Guatemala and peacekeeping missions in Cyprus, the Middle East, Angola, and Guinea. Denied a third term, he returned to Austria and ran for president in 1986. His candidacy became controversial when it was learned that he had been a member of the Nazi Party and had served in a German army unit that had deported most of the Jewish population of the Greek town of Salonika to Nazi death camps in 1943. Elected nonetheless, he was diplomatically isolated throughout his term (1986-92)
a German composer, who wrote the music for The Threepenny Opera, for which Bertolt Brecht wrote the words (1900-50). born March 2, 1900, Dessau, Ger. died April 3, 1950, New York. N.Y., U.S. German-born U.S. composer. Son of a cantor, by age 15 he was working as a theatre accompanist. He studied composition briefly with Engelbert Humperdinck, and a conductor's post gave him wide experience. For a master class with Ferruccio Busoni (1920), he wrote his first symphony. He gained attention with his one-act opera Der Protagonist (1925); its sparse and spiky style prefigured that of his greatest works. In 1927 he teamed with Bertolt Brecht to write The Threepenny Opera (1928) in a new "cabaret" style; the musical had enormous success in Berlin and elsewhere. In 1930 the two produced The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny. When the Nazis took power in 1933, he fled to Paris with his wife, Lotte Lenya, where he wrote The Seven Deadly Sins (1933). In 1935 the couple immigrated to the U.S.; there he collaborated on musicals such as Knickerbocker Holiday (1938) and Lost in the Stars (1949). Two of his songs, the "Morität" ("Mack the Knife") from Threepenny Opera and "September Song" from Knickerbocker Holiday, have remained especially popular
born April 7, 1882, Brandenburg, Ger. died June 30, 1934, Berlin German army officer and last chancellor of the Weimar Republic. A career army officer, he rose to major general by 1929 and became a key figure in the Weimar Republic. His political intrigues helped secure for him the posts of defense minister (1932) and chancellor (1932-33). Seeking to keep the Nazis under the army's control, he offered to participate in a government with Adolf Hitler, but Hitler refused him and thereafter regarded Schleicher as his chief enemy. Dismissed by Paul von Hindenburg in favour of Hitler, Schleicher was murdered during the Night of the Long Knives
born Dec. 14, 1897, Riva del Garda, Trento, Austria-Hungary died Nov. 18, 1977, Mutters, near Innsbruck, Austria Austrian politician and chancellor (1934-38). Elected to the Austrian parliament in 1927, he served in the government of Engelbert Dollfuss as minister of justice (1932) and education (1933-34). After Dollfuss was assassinated, Schuschnigg was named chancellor. He disbanded the paramilitary Heimwehr in 1936 and tried to prevent the German takeover of Austria. After making concessions to Adolf Hitler in February 1938, he sought to reassert national independence through a plebiscite to be held on March
Would you still love me if I wasn't a werewolf? - Ben bir kurt adam olmasam beni hala sever misin?
Mary thought that Tom wasn't at the Halloween party, but in fact he was secretly observing her from behind his werewolf mask. - Mary Tom'un cadılar bayramı partisinde olmadığını düşündü ama aslında o onu kurt adam maskesinin arkasından gizlice izliyordu.
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