You use guise to refer to the outward appearance or form of someone or something, which is often temporary or different from their real nature. He turned up at a fancy dress Easter dance in the guise of a white rabbit. French general and politician who suppressed the Huguenots. French military leader who helped plan the massacre of Huguenots on Saint Bartholomew's Day, 1572. His designs on the throne led to his assassination by order of Henry III. the way someone or something appears to be, which hides the truth or is only temporary in/under the guise of sth. Guise François de Lorraine 2nd duke de Guise Henri I de Lorraine 3rd duke de Guise Henri II de Lorraine 5th duke de Guise house of
born Feb. 24, 1519, Bar, France died Feb. 24, 1563, Orléans French soldier and loyal servant to the French crown, the greatest figure produced by the house of Guise. He fought in Francis I's army and was badly wounded at the siege of Boulogne (1545), earning him the nickname "the Scarred." He led French armies in other victories against the English and the Spanish. On the accession of Francis II (1559), Guise became grand master of the royal household. The Bourbons launched a conspiracy to overthrow the Guises, who learned of the plot and ruthlessly suppressed it (1560). When Catherine de Médicis became regent (1560), she supported the Bourbons (who were leaders of the Huguenot movement) and religious toleration and was against the Guises and Catholic dominance. The first of the resultant Wars of Religion again showed Guise to be an outstanding soldier. He was assassinated by a Huguenot in 1563
born Dec. 31, 1550 died Dec. 23, 1588, Blois, France French leader of the Catholic party and the Holy League during the French Wars of Religion. When Catherine de Médicis turned to the Guises in 1572 for help in removing the Huguenot Gaspard II de Coligny, Henri, who blamed Coligny for the murder of his father, the 2nd duke de Guise, helped plan the Massacre of Saint Bartholomew's Day. Fearing Guise's growing popularity, Henry III made peace with the Huguenots in 1576, and Guise angrily countered by forming the Holy League. After Guise's victory in the War of the Three Henrys (1588), Henry was forced to surrender to the Holy League's demands, and Guise was appointed lieutenant general of France. Soon afterward the king's bodyguard stabbed Guise to death; the next day his brother, Louis II (1555-88), Cardinal de Guise, was also murdered
born April 4, 1614, Blois, France died June 2, 1664 French leader of the house of Guise. He was already archbishop of Rheims when he became duke de Guise in 1640. After being sentenced to death for his part in a conspiracy against Cardinal de Richelieu (1641), he fled to Brussels and commanded the Austrian troops against France. He unsuccessfully led the Neapolitans in their war against Spain (1647, 1654), then spent the rest of his life at the French court, trying unsuccessfully to revive the power of the Guise dynasty
Noble French Roman Catholic family that played a major role in French politics during the Reformation. Claude de Lorraine (1496-1550) was created the 1st duke de Guise in 1527 for his service to Francis I in the defense of France. Claude's sons François, 2nd duke de Guise, and Charles, cardinal de Lorraine (1524-1574), gained great power during the reign of Francis II. Supported by Spain and the papacy, their persecution of the Huguenots led to the unsuccessful Amboise Conspiracy (1560), an attempted assassination of the leaders of the Guise party and transfer of power to the house of Bourbon. The Guise-led massacre of a Huguenot congregation at Vassy precipitated the Wars of Religion, in which Henri I, 3rd duke de Guise, was a prominent leader. Charles de Lorraine, 4th duke de Guise (1571-1640), lived through the rapid decline of the family's power. Henri II, 5th duke de Guise, tried unsuccessfully to revive the family's power; the direct line expired with the death of his grand-nephew in 1675
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