severe shortage of food; usually famine is used to describe such a severe shortage of food that many people starve or are forced from their homes
A lengthy period of time during which an area experiences a severe lack of food War, poverty, drought, floods, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and other disasters can cause famines According to the United Nations, an estimated 20 percent of the populations of developing countries -- more than 800 million people -- are food-deficient Although worldwide food production has improved in the past several decades, famine is still a threat in many areas of the world, sub-Saharan Africa, for example Food Security and Famine Preparedness Page
starvation or severe lack of food and water From an old Latin word meaning 'hunger'
a severe shortage of food (as through crop failure) resulting in violent hunger and starvation and death
Regional or local episode of malnutrition and starvation in a human population because of a shortage of food caused by drought, war, flood, earthquake, or other disastrous event that disturbs food production and distribution
Period of starvation for large portions of a population Famine often results from a sharp downturn in food supply, such as two consecutive years of drought Famine can also occur in situations where food is plentiful but entitlements to food sharply decrease, for instance through massive recession, unemployment, civil strife, and because of low foreign exchange and income levels of the poor in conjunction with weak infrastructure and low port offtake capacity Famines effectively redistribute income away from the poor Mitigation activities reduce the severity of impact Short-cycle varieties of local crops (e g groundnuts or millet) are helpful strategies during crop failures
a general state of prolonged nutritional deficiency which is severe enough to cause excess mortality - not just from food deficiency, but also from accompanying disease and violence Important Phases in Famine situations 1 scarcity and precautionary measures to secure food 2 hardship and coping strategies (community support networks; search for work; sell possessions; migrate) 3 social collapse, mass migration to seek food 4 deaths that often occur in relief camps; food aid centres
A period of time when lots of people go hungry and don't have enough food to eat
Famine is a situation in which large numbers of people have little or no food, and many of them die. Thousands of refugees are trapped by war, drought and famine The civil war is obstructing distribution of famine relief by aid agencies. a situation in which a large number of people have little or no food for a long time and many people die (fames ). Extreme and protracted shortage of food, resulting in widespread hunger and a substantial increase in the death rate. General famines affect all classes or groups in the region of food shortage; class famines affect some classes or groups much more severely than others; regional famines affect only a particular region of a country. Causes may be natural or human. Natural causes include drought, flooding, unfavourable weather conditions, plant disease, and insect infestation. The chief human cause is war; others include overpopulation, bad distribution systems, and high food prices. Several severe famines occurred in the 20th century, including those in China (1928-29, 5-10 million dead; 1958-62, up to 20 million), Russia (1921-22, 1.25-5 million; 1932-34, 6-8 million), India (1943-44, 1.5 million), Cambodia (1975-79, 1 million), and sub-Saharan Africa
(1845-49) Famine that occurred in Ireland when the potato crop failed in successive years. By the early 1840s almost half the Irish population, particularly the rural poor, was depending almost entirely on the potato for nourishment. A reliance on only one or two high-yielding varieties made the crop vulnerable to disease, including the late blight fungus, which ruined the crop. The British government provided minimal relief to the starving Irish, limited to loans and soup kitchens. The famine was a watershed in Ireland's demographic history: more than a million people died from starvation or famine-related diseases, and perhaps as many as 1.5 million emigrated to North America and Britain. Population continued to decline thereafter, and by independence in 1921 the Irish population was barely half of the 8.4 million it had been before the famine
a famine in Ireland in 1845-46, caused when the failure of the potato crop led to a serious lack of food all over the country. As a result, many people died of hunger and many others left Ireland to go to live in the US. The British government, which at that time ruled Ireland, did very little to help people who were suffering, and some Irish people still feel upset and angry about this
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