With a leading upper-case 'D', Deaf denotes the community (which may include some Hearing as well) With a leading lower-case 'd', deaf denotes the medical pathology of profound hearing loss
Someone who is deaf is unable to hear anything or is unable to hear very well. She is now profoundly deaf. The deaf are people who are deaf. Many regular TV programs are captioned for the deaf. + deafness deaf·ness Because of her deafness she was hard to make conversation with
Hearing impairment which is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information though hearing, with or without amplification, which adversely affects educational performance (94-142)
Loss of auditory sensation with or without use of assistive listening device Loss of hearing more severe than is generally characterized as 'hearing impaired'
Having a hearing impairment which is so severe that the student is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing (with or without amplification) and which adversely affects educational performance
Unable to hear A deaf character suffers a 4 penalty to initiative, automatically fails Listen skill checks, and has a 20% chance of spell failure when casting spells with verbal components Characters who have been deaf from birth or childhood may grow accustomed to these drawbacks and even learn to overcome some of them (DMs discretion)
disapproval If you say that someone is deaf to people's requests, arguments, or criticisms, you are criticizing them because they refuse to pay attention to them. The provincial assembly were deaf to all pleas for financial help. = impervious
(usually followed by `to') unwilling or refusing to pay heed; "deaf to her warnings"
- A person with hearing loss of such severity that communication and learning is primarily by visual methods (i e , manual communication, writing, speechreading, and gestures)
people who have severe hearing impairments; "many of the deaf use sign language" lacking or deprive of the sense of hearing wholly or in part
A term that describes a degree of hearing loss, usually at least a severe to profound loss Also has cultural connotations; a hard of hearing person may call themselves deaf even if their hearing loss is not that severe See also Deaf Culture
Unwilling to hear or listen; determinedly inattentive; regardless; not to be persuaded as to facts, argument, or exhortation; with to; as, deaf to reason
Webster's New World Dictionary College Edition defines deaf as totally or partially unable to hear It generally refers to people who usually have little or no useful residual hearing and who employ sign language as their primary mode of communication Deaf people may also use speech reading, hearing aids, and other assistive technology to aid communication People who are deaf can be categorized into two groups: congenitally deaf (those who were born deaf) and adventitiously deaf (those who were born with hearing but whose sense of hearing became nonfunctional later in life)
Partial or total inability to hear. In conduction deafness, the passage of sound vibrations through the ear is interrupted. The obstacle may be earwax, a ruptured eardrum, or stapes fixation, which prevents the stapes bone from transmitting sound vibrations to the inner ear. In sensorineural deafness, a defect in the sensory cells of the inner ear (e.g., injury by excessive noise) or in the vestibulocochlear or eighth cranial nerves prevents the transmission of sound impulses to the auditory centre in the brain. Some deaf people are helped by hearing aids or cochlear implants; others can learn to communicate with sign language and/or lip reading
Total, permanent and profound loss of hearing in both ears, with an auditory threshold of more than 90 decibels, as confirmed by an otolaryngologist registered to practice in Canada You are covered if an accident, injury or illness causes you to totally and permanently lose your hearing in both ears The amount of hearing loss required to qualify under this definition can be easily measured and accurately confirmed by professional testing
A profound degree of hearing loss that prevents the understanding of auditory information, including speech, through the ear A person is usually considered deaf when sound must reach at least 90 dB SPL to be heard at all
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