Works produced and theories expounded by the Academy of the Progressives, founded in Bologna 1582 by Lodovico, Agostino, and Annibale Carracci. In reaction against Mannerism, they advocated drawing directly from life. Among their leading students were Domenichino and Guido Reni. Their clear, simple pictures accorded well with the artistic demands of the Counter-Reformation, which wanted works of art to be immediately comprehensible. What began as a regional movement became one of the most influential forces in 17th-century art
the capital city of Emilia-Romagna in north central Italy, built below a group of mountains called the Apennines. a type of cooked meat often eaten in sandwiches (Bologna Italian city). City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 369,955), capital of Emilia-Romagna region, northern Italy. Located north of Florence, it lies at the northern foot of the Apennines. Originally the Etruscan town of Felsina, it became a Roman military colony 190 BC. It was subject to the Byzantine exarchate of Ravenna from the 6th century AD. It became a free commune in the 12th century. Incorporated into the Papal States in 1506, it was the scene of the crowning of Charles V in 1530. After a brief period of French occupation, it was restored to the Papal States in 1815, and in 1861 it was united to the Kingdom of Italy. The University of Bologna is Europe's oldest university. The city is a road and rail centre for traffic between northern and southern Italy. It is the site of excellent medieval and Renaissance architecture and is famous for its cuisine. It was governed by communists in the second half of the 20th century
Bologna is an ancient Italian city, a former Etruscan town, located at the foot of the Appenines Bologna lies 51 miles northeast of Florence on the route across northern Italy In the 12th century it was incorporated as a free commune and is the seat of the oldest European University Its major church, San Petronio, dates from the 14th century [Chapter 27]
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