(Osmanlı Dönemi) fels. Tecrübeden önce insan aklında varlığı kabul edilen bilgi ve düşünceyi anlatmak için kullanılan bir sıfat. Meselâ: "Her sayı kendine eşittir" hakikatı hiçbir deneye baş vurmadan bilinen bir apriori bilgidir
In his opening argument, the student mentioned nothing beyond his a priori knowledge.
Latin for "from (somthing) previous" based on what is generally known; said of a conclusion about a specific instance that derives from a knowledge of the relevant general facts or conditions
"From first [to last]" A priori is a Latin phrase which designates deduction; from cause to effect; from generalization to peculiars Opposed to a posteriori
segmentation A segmentation research strategy in which the market is segmented using a criterion preselected by the researcher Other characteristics such as demographics are then used to describe the segments
Conclusions proceeding investigation and based on theory rather than on actual observation
and a posteriori: Latin for "before" and "after" used following Kant to mean "before experience" i e was is required for the experience to happen, and "after" as what we know as part of the experience once we have had the experience
a way of gaining knowledge without appealing to any particular experience(s) This method is used to establish transcendental and logical truths (Cf a posteriori )
A taken-as-given statement on which the plausibility of a contribution is based, but whose truth is not yet established (See also: assumption)
Immanuel Kant - pure This represents knowledge which we had before we had a sense experience If the knowledge precedes the sense experience, then we can conclude the sense experience did not CAUSE the knowledge This sounds obvious, but with philosophers you just can't take anything for granted Note this is a rationalist emphasis i e A is A Note Any analytic proposition is a priori
Latin for "from before"; that which is known independently of sense perception and thus often held to be indubitable The doctrine of innate ideas (see entry) is an attempt to account for the alleged existence of a priori knowledge
A sentence, proposition, thought or judgement is a priori (literally "before") if its truth is not dependent on how our actual experience (experiment and observation) happens to turn out Many have thought that the truths of logic and mathematics are a priori, though J S Mill and W V O Quine might be thought to maintain the contrary position Some equate a priori and analytic
pertaining to knowledge that is logically prior to experience; reasoning based on such knowledge; any justification of a belief that does not depend on perceptual experience, e g , a mathematical demonstration
In advance, i e without prior investigation or experience Opposite: a posteriori = afterwards, after investigation or experience According to Platon, there is a kind of certainty which is certainty is the outcome of remembering anew concepts acquired in previous incarnations Everything aprioristic is thus obtained ultimately from experience
acquired by the mind or reasoning alone independently of (in the sense of not being justified by) sense experience, referring to knowledge or justification or hypotheses such as those of arithmetic and logic (That 2+2=4 and that all equilateral triangles are equiangular may be suggested by sensory experience but their justification or mathematical proof in no way invokes this experience ) Traditionally, some a priori truths (axioms or first principles) are held to be directly intuited; the rest are supposed to be deducible from these Euclid's geometry provides the model for this traditional conception With a posteriori knowledge or statements, on the other hand, justification does invoke sensory experience either directly via perception or indirectly via induction The ontological argument for the existence of God is deemed a priori
(Latin) Literally, from the former or preceding Self-evident knowledge known by reason alone without any appeal to experience or sensory perceptions Nonempirical Opposed to a posteriori (q v )
based on hypothesis or theory rather than experiment derived by logic, without observed facts
involving deductive reasoning from a general principle to a necessary effect; not supported by fact; "an a priori judgment" based on hypothesis or theory rather than experiment derived by logic, without observed facts
involving deductive reasoning from a general principle to a necessary effect; not supported by fact; "an a priori judgment"
Characterizing that kind of reasoning which deduces consequences from definitions formed, or principles assumed, or which infers effects from causes previously known; deductive or deductively
An a priori argument, reason, or probability is based on an assumed principle or fact, rather than on actual observed facts. A priori is also an adverb. One assumes, a priori, that a parent would be better at dealing with problems. using previous experiences or facts to decide what the likely result or effect of something will be a posteriori. In epistemology, knowledge that is independent of all particular experiences, as opposed to a posteriori (or empirical) knowledge, which derives from experience. The terms have their origins in the medieval Scholastic debate over Aristotelian concepts (see Scholasticism). Immanuel Kant initiated their current usage, pairing the analytic-synthetic distinction with the a priori-a posteriori distinction to define his theory of knowledge
Applied to knowledge and conceptions assumed, or presupposed, as prior to experience, in order to make experience rational or possible
(from Latin) "from cause to effect", deductive, valid independently of observation, formed or conceived beforehand
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