تعريف xerography في الإنجليزية الإنجليزية القاموس.
a photocopying process in which a negative image formed on an electrically charged plate is transferred as a positive to paper and thermally fixed
A generic term for the formation of a latent electrostatic image by action of light on a photo-conducting insulating surface The latent image may be made visual by a number of methods such as applying charged pigmented, powders or liquid which are attracted to the latent image The particles either directly or b 1 y transfer may be applied and fixed to a suitable medium
In the late 1950's, the Disney Studios developed a xerographic process to transfer the animator's drawings directly onto cels Sleeping Beauty was the first film to include scenes utilizing this process At first, only black toner was used, but in the early 70's, browns, greys and other colors were developed Xeroxed lines appear to be more sketchy than hand inked lines, but since they are transferred directly from the animator's drawings they often retain a sense of "life" and spontaneity that hand inking often lacks
The principle on which photocopiers work In the process, ink is attracted to electrically charged areas of a rotating drum
The printing process used by photocopying machines Electric charge creates the image on an eloctro-photographic surface that works as a plate This surface is cleared after each copy is made, and used over again for the next copy
A dry photo electrostatic method of offset plate creation (using either metal or paper plates) and copy reproduction
a process in which light reflected from the original copy alters a charge pattern on an electrophotographic surface
Electrostatic printing process which uses dry resin powder and heat for fusing images on paper Other types of electrostatic printing such as Olivetti and 3-M use toners in solution to create images on special coated paper
forming an image by the action of light on a specially coated charged plate; the latent image is developed with powders that adhere only to electrically charged areas; "edge enhancement is intrinsic in xerography
Image-forming process that relies on a photoconductive substance whose electrical resistance decreases when light falls on it. Xerography is the basis of the most widely used document-copying machines (see photocopier). The process was invented in the 1930s by U.S. physicist Chester F. Carlson (1906-1968) and developed in the 1940s and '50s by Xerox Corp. (then called Haloid). Light passing through or reflected from a document reaches a selenium-coated drum surface onto which negatively charged particles of ink (toner) are sprayed, forming an image of the document on the drum. As a sheet of paper is passed close to the drum, a positive electric charge under the sheet attracts the negatively charged ink particles, transferring the image to the copy paper. Heat briefly applied fuses the ink particles to the paper. The first commercially successful xerographic copier was introduced in 1959
A printing technique found in laser printers, photocopiers and digital machines An electrostatic printing technique based on the difference between positive and negative electrical charges
An imaging method that electrostatically charges ink toner particles, which are attracted to areas of the paper that have been given an electrical charge The dry toner is then heat fused to the paper, forming an image This is the basis of almost all office copy machines
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