fourth estate

listen to the pronunciation of fourth estate
الإنجليزية - التركية
الإنجليزية - الإنجليزية
Journalism or journalists considered as a group; the Press
A hypothetical fourth class of civic subjects, or fourth body (in Britain, after the Crown, and the two Houses of Parliament) which governed legislation

What is more barbarous than to see a nation where justice is lawfully denied him, that hath not wherewithall to pay for it; and that this merchandize hath so great credit, that in a politicall government there should be set up a fourth estate of Lawyers, breathsellers and pettifoggers .

newspaper writers and photographers
public press
Journalists considered as a group; the public press. the fourth estate newspapers, news magazines, television and radio news, the people who work for them, and the political influence that they have = press
newspapers and magazines collectively
fourth estate


    fourth es·tate

    التركية النطق

    fôrth îsteyt


    /ˈfôrᴛʜ əˈstāt/ /ˈfɔːrθ ɪˈsteɪt/

    علم أصول الكلمات

    () The three (in England) estates were originally the three classes of people who could participate in government, either directly or by electing representatives – originally the clergy, barons/knights, and the commons (though they changed over time). Later the "three estates" were misunderstood as being the three governmental powers necessary for legislation: the Crown, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons; from there, the idea of a "fourth estate" was often used in satirical or jocular expressions, before developing a fixed association with the Press.

    كلمة اليوم