A treatment process, under the control of qualified operators, for removing solid (particulate) matter from water by means of porous media such as sand or a man-made filter; often used to remove particles that containing pathogens
A mechanical process for the separation of fine-grained solids from suspensions with the help of vacuum, pressure filters, or centrifuges The suspension passes through a filtering medium, generally aided by an externally-applied pressure difference The particles of solids form bridges over the pores of the filter medium, and a more or less compressible filter cake results The structure of the filter cake depends on the distribution of particle sizes, the speed of filtration, the direction of filtration (with or against gravity), and to a great extent also on boundary-layer forces which determine the degree of agglomeration of the dispersion After a filtration process and/or the subsequent rinsing, the moisture is generally mechanically removed from the filter cake by pressing it or blowing it dry
A separation in which liquids are removed from a mixture with solids by passing through a permeable membrane It is a process in which a "slurry" of solid particles suspended in a liquid passes through a porous medium Most of the liquid passes through the medium to from the "filtrate", and the solids and some entrained liquid are retained on the filter to form the "filter cake" Filtration may also be used to separate solids or liquids from gases
most wine is filtered prior to bottling It is pumped through a succession of asbestos and porous porcelain plates which remove any solids Care must be taken to ensure the wine is not contaminated during this process
The physical or mechanical process of separating insoluble particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or liquid, by passing the fluid through a filter medium that will not allow the particulates to pass through it
Is the process of passing water through materials with very small holes to strain out particles Glendale's water treatment plants used filters composed of gravel, sand, and anthracite These materials settle into a compact mass that forms very small holes Particles are filtered out as treated water passes through these holes These holes are small enough to remove microorganisms including algae, bacteria, and protozoans, but not viruses Viruses are eliminated from drinking water through the process of disinfection using chlorine
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