The situation in which a programming language is only minimally Turing complete, so that "everything is possible but nothing is easy"
Without more abstract notions of what constitutes important aspects of a programming language, one is seriously in danger of falling into the Turing Tarpit.
A test of a computer's ability to demonstrate intelligence, as measured by whether a human judge can reliably distinguish the computer from another human being by conversing with both in natural language over a terminal
A hypothetical computing device capable of storing information and responding to computational questions, used in mathematical studies of computability. Hypothetical computing device proposed by Alan M. Turing (1936). Not actually a machine, it is an idealized mathematical model that reduces the logical structure of any computing device to its essentials. It consists of an infinitely extensible tape, a tape head that is capable of performing various operations on the tape, and a modifiable control mechanism in the head that can store instructions. As envisaged by Turing, it performs its functions in a sequence of discrete steps. His extrapolation of the essential features of information processing was instrumental in the development of modern digital computers, which share his basic scheme of an input/output device (tape and tape reader), central processing unit (CPU, or control mechanism), and stored memory
Test proposed by Alan M. Turing to determine whether a computer can be said to "think. " Turing suggested the "imitation game," wherein a remote human interrogator, within a fixed time frame, must distinguish between a computer and a human subject based on their replies to questions posed by the interrogator. A series of such tests would measure the computer's success at "thinking" by the probability of its being misidentified as the human subject. The test is performed today in competitions that test the success of artificial intelligence
A mathematical model of a device that changes its internal state and reads from, writes on, and moves a potentially infinite tape, all in accordance with its present state, thereby constituting a model for computer-like behavior
A hypothetical machine defined in 1935-6 by Alan Turing and used for computability theory proofs It consists of an infinitely long "tape" with symbols (chosen from some finite set) written at regular intervals A pointer marks the current position and the machine is in one of a finite set of "internal states" At each step the machine reads the symbol at the current position on the tape For each combination of current state and symbol read, a program specifies the new state and either a symbol to write to the tape or a direction to move the pointer (left or right) or to halt
A simple mechanical device consisting solely of a tape, a read/write head, and a finite state machine Turing was able to show that this machine is able to perform all the operations a person working with a logical system would be able to perform <Discussion> <References> Chris Eliasmith
A mathematical model of a computer consisting of an automaton travelling along a tape The automaton at any given time is in some state depending on its previous state and the data at its current position along the tape, and its state also determines whether it moves down the tape and what it writes to the tape at its current position
A form of universal computer, assumed to take its instructions from an infinite paper punched tape and output results to the same medium before stopping upon completion of the program
born June 23, 1912, London, Eng. died June 7, 1954, Wilmslow, Cheshire English mathematician and logician. He studied at the Universityof Cambridge and at Princeton's Institute for Advanced Study. In his seminal 1936 paper "On Computable Numbers," he proved that there cannot exist any universal algorithmic method of determining truth in mathematics and that mathematics will always contain undecidable (as opposed to unknown) propositions. That paper also introduced the Turing machine. He believed that computers eventually would be capable of thought indistinguishable from that of a human and proposed a simple test (see Turing test) to assess this capability. His papers on the subject are widely acknowledged as the foundation of research in artificial intelligence. He did valuable work in cryptography during World War II; after the war he taught at the University of Manchester. His apparent suicide at 41 followed an arrest for homosexual acts and extreme medical treatments aimed at changing his sexual orientation
{i} (1912-1954) British mathematician and inventor of a mathematical model for computer technology, cryptographer who helped decipher the code of the Nazi "Enigma" system during WW II
a British mathematician and computer scientist, who developed ideas which were later used to build the first electronic computer, and which also influenced the development of the study of artificial intelligence. During World War II he helped to find out the meaning of the German military codes (=secret writing system used for sending messages) (1912-54). born June 23, 1912, London, Eng. died June 7, 1954, Wilmslow, Cheshire English mathematician and logician. He studied at the Universityof Cambridge and at Princeton's Institute for Advanced Study. In his seminal 1936 paper "On Computable Numbers," he proved that there cannot exist any universal algorithmic method of determining truth in mathematics and that mathematics will always contain undecidable (as opposed to unknown) propositions. That paper also introduced the Turing machine. He believed that computers eventually would be capable of thought indistinguishable from that of a human and proposed a simple test (see Turing test) to assess this capability. His papers on the subject are widely acknowledged as the foundation of research in artificial intelligence. He did valuable work in cryptography during World War II; after the war he taught at the University of Manchester. His apparent suicide at 41 followed an arrest for homosexual acts and extreme medical treatments aimed at changing his sexual orientation