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2industrial revolution A period commonly dated 1760-1830 in Britain during which technological advances were made that changed the nature of production Human skills and strength were replaced by machines; new sources of power were developed (e g fossil fuels); new materials were used in production (e g replacement of wood with iron); and the introduction of a factory system as the major mode of production
3industrial revolution Describes time in which Britain changed from a rural to an urban economy due to the rapid developments in technology and society
4industrial revolution a major change in the economy during the 1700s that resulted from the increased use of energy for new power-driven machinery
5industrial revolution the Industrial Revolution is the stream of new technology and the resulting growth of output that began in England toward the end of the 18th century
6industrial revolution a period of industrial and social change that began in Europe in the late 18th and early 19th centuries and later spread to other regions of the world The revolution was accelerated in the U S where it took hold in the 1870s Many new cities were founded and the building of factories for turning raw materials into manufactured goods gave these centres an industrial focus Between 1870 and 1914, the U S experienced unprecedented immigration from Europe, providing new labour for the factories Cities were linked by a new network of railways This period lay the foundation for urbanization, a trend that continues in the U S today
7industrial revolution Series of changes in economy of Western Europe between 1740 and 20th century; stimulated by rapid population growth, increase in agricultural productivity, commercial revolution of 17th century, and development of new means of transportation; in essence involved technological change and the application of machines to the process of production (p 704)
8industrial revolution The rapid changes in the transition from medieval methods of production to those of the free enterprise system which took place from about 1760 to 1830, primarily in England A term of Marxian origin loaded with emotional connotations in order to fit economic history into the theories of Fabianism (q v ), Marxism (q v ), Historicism (q v ) and Institutionalism (q v ) B 18; HA 8,617-23; 0G 101-02; PF 136, 168
9industrial revolution the movement of different countries from a society based largely on agriculture to one based more upon the mechanized production of manufactured goods
10industrial revolution the time, roughly between the 1700s and mid 1800s, when the hand crafting economy changed to a machine manufacturing economy
11industrial revolution A period of rapid industrial growth with far-reaching social and economic consequences, beginning in England during the second half of the eighteenth century and spreading to Europe and later to other countries including the United States The invention of the steam engine was an important trigger of this development The industrial revolution marks the beginning of a strong increase in the use of fossil fuels and emission of, in particular, fossil carbon dioxide In this Report the terms pre-industrial and industrial refer, somewhat arbitrarily, to the periods before and after 1750, respectively
12industrial revolution The term used to describe the technological advances of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, such as the development of steam power, which changed the face of industry by supplementing purely mechanical power with steam, electrical and ultimately nuclear power
13industrial revolution A period of inventive activity, beginning around 1750 in Great Britain During this period, industrial and technological changes resulted in mechanized machinery that replaced much of which was previously manual work The Industrial Revolution was responsible for many social changes, as well as changes in the way things were manufactured
14industrial revolution The replacement of hand tools by machine and power tools that led to the development of large-scale industrial production Dating to about 1760 in England, it transformed centuries-old social and economic systems and is believed to be the primary cause of the historical rise in the air's CO2 content that has closely tracked its progression
15industrial revolution The complex of radical socioeconomic changes, such as the ones that took place in England in the late 18th century, that are brought about when extensive mechanization of production systems results in a shift from home-based hand manufacturing to large-scale factory production. the Industrial Revolution the period in the 18th and 19th centuries in Europe and the USA when machines were invented and the first factories were established. Process of change from an agrarian, handicraft economy to one dominated by industry and machine manufacture. It began in England in the 18th century. Technological changes included the use of iron and steel, new energy sources, invention of new machines that increased production (including the spinning jenny), development of the factory system, and important developments in transportation and communication (including the steam engine and telegraph). Other changes included agricultural improvements, a wider distribution of wealth, political changes reflecting the shift in economic power, and sweeping social changes. The Industrial Revolution was largely confined to Britain from 1760 to 1830, then spread to Belgium and France. Other nations lagged behind, but once Germany, the U.S., and Japan achieved industrial power they outstripped Britain's initial successes. Eastern European countries lagged into the 20th century, and not until the mid-20th century did the Industrial Revolution spread to such countries as China and India. Many analysts saw evidence of a second, or new, industrial revolution in the later 20th century, with the use of new materials and energy sources, automated factories, new ownership of the means of production, and a shift away from laissez-faire government
16industrial revolution Major change in the economy and society of humans brought on by the use of machines This period in human history began in England in the late 18th century
17industrial revolution historical period, lasting throughout most of the 1800s, when the economy of the United States and many European nations shifted from an agricultural to a manufacturing base
18industrial revolution The development of mechanical and industrial production of goods that began in Great Britain in the mid-1700s and then spread through Europe and North America
19industrial revolution Noun An era, usually dated from 1750 to 1900, when industry took off, first in the United Kingdom and then spreading to the rest of the world (including the United States) During this time, there were many industrial innovations and discoveries The wool industry, for instance, went from the small Cottage Industry, to full blown mass production
20industrial revolution The Industrial Revolution was a period of rapid industrial growth which caused a radical shift in focus from agriculture to industry during the late 1700's and early 1800's A dramatic increase in city populations was one of the effects of the Industrial Revolution
21industrial revolution process of transfer from agriculture to industry that began in Britain in the 18th century
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