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Etymology: [ 'li-th&-"sfir ] (noun.) 1887. From litho- +‎ sphere
1 litosfer
2 taşküre
3 taşyuvar  Coğrafya
4 arzın kabuğu
5 taşyuvarı, taşküre, litosfer  isim
 
6 The rigid, mechanically strong, outer layer of the Earth; divided into twelve major plates
7 the area in which all of the cold; hard solid rock of the planet's crust (surface), the semi-solid rock underneath the crust, and the liquid rock near the center of the planet exist; note that many geologists reserve the use of this term to refer to the crust of Earth
8 The upper layer of the solid Earth, both continental and oceanic, which comprises all crustal rocks and the cold, mainly elastic, part of the uppermost mantle Volcanic activity, although part of the lithosphere, is not considered as part of the climate system, but acts as an external forcing factor See: Isostatic land movements
9 the outermost geosphere of the Earth, located external to the asthenosphere and containing the crust
10 The upper most layer of the earth’s crust
11 The relatively rigid outer zone of Earth, which includes the continental crust, the oceanic crust, and the part of the upper mantle lying above the weaker asthenosphere
12 The crust of a planet
13 The outer, solid portion of the earth: the crust of the earth
14 The outer 60 miles of the earth between the crust and mantle where the rocks are harder and more brittle
15 the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer mantle
16 The rigid outer layers of Earth's surface; is composed of (from outer to inner) the continental crust, the oceanic crust, and the uppermost mantle, all floating on the semi-molten aesthenosphere of the mantle 9
17 The rigid outer shell of the Earth It includes the crust and uppermost mantle and is on the order of 100 km in thickness
18 The crust and uppermost part of the mantle of the Earth which behaves as a semi-rigid layer overlying and moving on the 'slushy' asthenosphere
19 The solid outer portion of a planet
20 The outermost rocky shell of the earth, consisting of the crust and the uppermost mantle It is cool enough that it resists being deformed It forms a set of lithospheric plates, whose horizontal movements form the process of plate tectonics As thin as 50km under oceans and as thick as 350? km under ancient continental shields
21 That part of the earth which is composed predominantly of rocks (either coherent or incoherent and including the disintegrated rock materials known as soils and subsoils), together with everything inside of this rocky crust In the lithosphere other materials - chiefly water and gases such as are found in the air - are intermingled with the materials that constitute the rocks and the soils, but rock and soil predominate
22 The solid, outer portion of the earth's crust coupled to the rigid upper mantle Part of the geosphere
23 The outer solid part of the earth, including the crust and uppermost mantle The lithosphere is about 100 km thick, although its thickness is age dependent (older lithosphere is thicker) The lithosphere below the crust is brittle enough at some locations to produce earthquakes by faulting, such as within a subducted oceanic plate
24 A layer of solid, brittle rock making up the outer 100 kilometers of the Earth, encompassing both the crust and the outermost part of the upper mantle See also asthenosphere
25 Rigid, rocky outer layer of the Earth, consisting of the crust and the solid outermost layer of the upper mantle. It extends to a depth of about 60 mi (100 km). It is broken into about a dozen separate, rigid blocks, or plates (see plate tectonics). Slow convection currents deep within the mantle, generated by radioactive heating of the interior, are believed to cause the lateral movements of the plates (and the continents that rest on top of them) at a rate of several inches per year
26 earth's crust and mantle (Geology)  isim
27 The solid earth as distinguished from its fluid envelopes, the hydrosphere and atmosphere
28 The outer part of the solid earth, the portion undergoing change through the gradual transfer of material by volcanic eruption, the circulation of underground water, and the process of erosion and deposition
29 The upper, solid part of the earth The rocky component of the earth's surface layers, usually considered to be 80 kilometers (50 miles) in thickness (Greek lithos, rock + sphaira, ball)
30 Is the solid inorganic portion of the Earth (composed of rocks, minerals, and elements) It can be regarded as the outer surface and interior of the solid Earth
31 the outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle, approximately 100 km (62 mi ) thick
32 n the outer, rigid part of the earth's crust
33 The upper (oceanic and continental) layer of the solid Earth, comprising all crustal rocks and the brittle part of the uppermost mantle
34 A layer of strength relative to the underlying asthenosphere It includes the crust and part of the upper mantle and is of the order of 100 km in thickness
35 The component of the Earth's surface comprising the rock, soil, and sediments It is a relatively passive component of the climate system, and its physical characteristics are treated as fixed elements in the determination of climate (Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, 1990)
36 A general term for the outer layer of the Earth
37 It is, therefore, regarded as a third mobile envelope comparable with the hydrosphere and atmosphere
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