A royal decree issued by a sovereign in certain historical Islamic states, especially by the Sultan of Turkey - "It will be noted that the title of Sultan was adopted partly because that of Khedive had been conferred by an Ottoman firman."
A Royal decree issued by a sovereign in certain historical Islamic states
In Turkey and some other Oriental countries, a decree or mandate issued by the sovereign; a royal order or grant; generally given for special objects, as to a traveler to insure him protection and assistance
decree or mandate issued by or in the name of a Middle Eastern ruler (formerly by an Ottoman Turkish sultan); Asiatic word signifying a passport or permit or license isim
About This Word
Pronunciation /ˈfərmən/ /ˈfɜrmən/
Etymology () From Turkish ferman, from Persian فرمان (farmân), decree or order. Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 2008.