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Etymology: (biographical name.) From the French Charles, from the German Karl, from the Germanic root karal, meaning person, free man; compare the English word churl and the German Kerl.
1clergy rahipler sınıfı  isim
2clergy benefit of clergay papazlann dokunulmazlığı
3clergy rahipler zümresi
4clergy rahipler
5clergy Hıristiyan din adamları sınıfı
6clergy rahip sınıfı
7clergy ruhban sınıfı  isim
8clergy rahip  isim
9clergy papazlar  isim
 
10 A patronymic surname
11 A male given name - "spoke the way the English do, funny, you know? His name was Roger, I think. Or Nigel. Something like that." / "How about Charles?" / "Charles? Well, yes, it could have been.Charles does sound English, doesn't it? Their prince is named Charles, isn't he?""
12 male first name  isim
13 French physicist and uathor of Charles's law which anticipated Gay-Lussac's law (1746-1823)
14 the eldest son of Elizabeth II and heir to the English throne (born in 1948)
15 a river in eastern Massachusetts that empties into Boston Harbor and that separates Cambridge from Boston
16 clergy
17 ulcers
18 The eldest son of Elizabeth II and heir to the British throne. He was invested as Prince of Wales in 1969. French physicist and inventor who formulated Charles's law (1787) and was the first to use hydrogen in balloons (1783). American musician and composer whose songs, such as "I Can't Stop Loving You," are rooted in gospel music, blues, and jazz. born May 29, 1630, London, Eng. died Feb. 6, 1685, London King of Great Britain and Ireland (1660-85). Son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria, he supported his father in the English Civil Wars. After his father's execution, he invaded England in 1651 but was defeated at Worcester. He then spent years in exile until Oliver Cromwell died and conditions favored a return to the monarchy. His Declaration of Breda paved the way for him to be proclaimed king in May 1660 (see Restoration). He became known as "the Merry Monarch" for his lifting of Puritan restrictions on entertainment and his own love of pleasure; his best-known mistress was the actress Nell Gwyn. Important events of his reign included the controversial Treaty of Dover and two wars with the Dutch (see Anglo-Dutch Wars). By the 1670s the miscarriages of his queen, Catherine of Braganza, had reduced hopes that he would have a legitimate heir (though he left at least 14 illegitimate offspring). He almost lost control of his government when hysteria arose over the Popish Plot to replace him with his Roman Catholic brother James (the future James II). Charles kept his nerve, reestablished his political control, and eventually enjoyed a resurgence in loyalty. His political adaptability and acumen enabled him to steer his country through the struggle between Anglicans, Catholics, and dissenters that marked his reign. orig. Wenceslas known as Charles of Luxembourg born May 14, 1316, Prague died Nov. 29, 1378, Prague King of the Germans and of Bohemia (1346-78) and Holy Roman emperor (1355-78). Charles was elected German king in place of Louis IV in 1346. That same year his father died in a war against England, and Charles became king of Bohemia. He invaded Italy and won the crown of Lombardy as well as the imperial crown at Rome. Charles enlarged his dynastic power through skillful diplomacy and made Prague the political and cultural center of the empire. He issued the Golden Bull of 1356 and won the right of succession to the German throne for his son Wenceslas. Spanish Carlos born Nov. 11, 1748, Portici, Kingdom of Naples died Jan. 20, 1819, Rome King of Spain (1788-1808) during the turbulent period of the French Revolution. Son of Charles III, he lacked leadership qualities and entrusted the government to Manuel de Godoy. After a French invasion in 1794, Spain was reduced to the status of a French satellite. When Napoleon again occupied northern Spain in 1807, Charles was forced to abdicate (1808) and go into exile. born June 27, 1550, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, near Paris, France died May 30, 1574, Vincennes King of France (1560-74). Son of Catherine de Médicis, he became king on the death of his brother Francis II, under his mother's regency. Though he was proclaimed of age in 1563, he remained under his mother's domination. His reign was marked by conflicts between Catholics and Huguenots, and he was remembered for authorizing the Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre (1572) at his mother's instigation, an event that apparently haunted him the rest of his life. He died of tuberculosis at age
19 Swedish Karl born Oct. 4, 1550, Stockholm, Swed. died Oct. 30, 1611, Nyköping King of Sweden (1604-11). Third son of Gustav I Vasa, he helped lead a rebellion against the rule of his half brother Erik XIV that placed his other brother on the throne as John III. After the accession (1592) of his devoutly Catholic nephew, Sigismund III, Charles called the Convention of Uppsala, which demanded that Lutheranism be retained as the national religion. He opposed Sigismund in a civil war, and after the latter was deposed Charles became the virtual ruler of Sweden (1599-1604). Declared king in 1604, he pursued an aggressive foreign policy that led to war with Poland (1605) and Denmark (the Kalmar War, 1611-13). German Karl Franz Josef born Aug. 17, 1887, Persenbeug Castle, Austria died April 1, 1922, Quinta do Monte, Madeira Emperor of Austria (1916-18) and king of Hungary (as Charles IV), last ruler of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. He became heir presumptive to the Habsburg throne on the assassination of his uncle, Francis Ferdinand. After he succeeded Francis Joseph in 1916, he made several abortive attempts to take Austria-Hungary out of World War I. He renounced participation in affairs of state in 1918 and was deposed in 1919. After two failed attempts to regain his Hungarian throne in 1921, he was sent into exile in Madeira, where he died. born Nov. 19, 1600, Dunfermline Palace, Fife, Scot. died Jan. 30, 1649, London, Eng. King of Great Britain and Ireland (1625-49). Son of James I, he acquired from his father a belief in the divine right of kings, and his earliest surviving letters reveal a distrust of the House of Commons. He became king in 1625 and soon after married Henrietta Maria. He came into conflict with his first Parliament because of religious issues, his war against Spain, and the general distrust of his adviser the 1st duke of Buckingham. After dissolving several successive Parliaments, Charles ruled his kingdom for 11 years without calling a Parliament. Among the measures he took to be independent of parliamentary grants was the levying of ship money. In 1639 he went to war against Scotland, and the need to raise money prompted him to summon what came to be known as the Short Parliament and the Long Parliament. Eventually his authoritarian rule and quarrels with Parliament provoked the English Civil Wars. After his forces were defeated in the second of these wars, the army demanded that he stand trial for treason as "the grand author of our troubles." In 1649 he was convicted and executed, and Oliver Cromwell proclaimed the Commonwealth. Hungarian Karoly known as Charles Robert of Anjou born 1288, Naples, Kingdom of Naples died July 16, 1342, Visegárd, Hung. King of Hungary (1301, 1308-42). He claimed the Hungarian throne with papal approval and was crowned in 1301, but his claim was disputed, and he was not recognized as king until 1308. A courtly and pious ruler, Charles restored Hungary to the status of a great power. An alliance with Poland enabled him to defeat the Holy Roman emperor and the Austrians. He failed to unite Hungary and Naples but negotiated a pact providing that his eldest son would become king of Poland. known as Charles of Anjou born March 1226 died Jan. 7, 1285, Foggia, Kingdom of Naples [Italy] King of Naples and Sicily (1266-85), the first of the Angevin dynasty. The younger brother of Louis IX of France, Charles allied with the papacy and conquered Naples and Sicily in the 1260s, defeating the last representatives of the Hohenstaufen dynasty. He created a great but short-lived Mediterranean empire, expanding into the Balkans and becoming heir to the kingdom of Jerusalem (1277). The Sicilians rebelled against French domination in 1282 (see Sicilian Vespers) and drove out the Angevins in 1284. Charles died while preparing a counteroffensive, and his kingdom was eventually secured by the Spanish. known as Charles the Well-Beloved or Charles the Mad born Dec. 3, 1368, Paris, Fr. died Oct. 21, 1422, Paris King of France (1380-1422). Crowned at age 11, he allowed his uncles and advisers to rule France until 1388. He suffered fits of madness from 1392, and royal power waned as the dukes of Burgundy and Orléans grew stronger. The English invasion and victory at the Battle of Agincourt (1415) obliged Charles to sign the Treaty of Troyes (1420), which provided for the marriage of his daughter Catherine of Valois to Henry V of England, who was declared regent of France and heir to the French throne. German Karl born Oct. 1, 1685, Vienna, Austria died Oct. 20, 1740, Vienna Holy Roman emperor (1711-40) and king of Hungary (as Charles III). Son of Emperor Leopold I, he tried unsuccessfully to claim the Spanish throne (as the pretender Charles III), which caused the War of the Spanish Succession. He conducted a successful war against the Ottoman Empire (1716-18) but lost the War of the Polish Succession (1733-38), and a new conflict with Turkey (1736-39) resulted in the loss of most of the territories gained in 1718. He promulgated the Pragmatic Sanction in an attempt to ensure that his daughter Maria Theresa would succeed him, which led to the War of the Austrian Succession. known as Charles of Anjou or Charles the Lame born 1254 died May 5, 1309, Naples King of Naples and ruler of several other European territories. He guarded Naples while his father, Charles I, launched a campaign to regain Sicily from the Aragonese. He was captured and imprisoned (1284-88); on being freed he promised to give up his claim to Sicily, but the pope released him from the vow, and he fought unsuccessfully for Sicily until 1302. He built alliances through the marriages of his children and extended his control over Piedmont, Provence, Hungary, Athens, and Albania. German Karl Albrecht born Aug. 6, 1697 died Jan. 20, 1745, Munich Elector of Bavaria (1726-45) and Holy Roman emperor (1742-45). He renounced any claims to the Austrian succession when he recognized the Pragmatic Sanction. However, on the death of Emperor Charles VI, he joined the alliance against Maria Theresa and was crowned emperor in 1742. Meanwhile, Bavaria was overrun by Austrian troops. He was restored by Prussia and France to his Bavarian lands in 1744 but died soon after. born June 30, 1470, Amboise, France died April 7, 1498, Amboise King of France (1483-98). He abandoned claims to parts of present-day France and Spain, and he consolidated French ownership of Brittany, in preparation for his grand enterprise, an expedition to Italy to assert his inherited right to the kingdom of Naples. This inaugurated wars with Italy that lasted more than 50 years and gained little in return for vast outlays. Charles was crowned in Naples in 1495, but his opponents rallied against him and he lost his conquests. He died while preparing another expedition. born Feb. 22, 1403, Paris, France died July 22, 1461, Mehun-sur-Yèvre King of France (1422-61). Despite the treaty signed by his father, Charles VI, which excluded his succession, Charles assumed the title of king on his father's death. In 1429, with the aid of Joan of Arc, he raised the siege of Orléans. He drove the English from France (1436) and gradually recovered French lands, ending the Hundred Years' War. His financial and military reforms increased the power of the monarchy. known as Charles the Wise born Jan. 21, 1338, Vincennes, France died Sept. 16, 1380, Nogent-sur-Marne King of France (1364-80). He raised money to ransom his father, John II, from the English, under the terms of the Treaty of Brétigny. Crowned king on his father's death in 1364, Charles helped the country recover its losses in the first phase of the Hundred Years' War. When war with England broke out again (1369), he won a series of victories for the French that nullified the damaging treaties of 1360. The plots of his enemy Charles II (of Navarra) prompted him to seize most of the king's French lands. His support of Pope Clement VII helped cause the Western Schism. German Karl born Feb. 24, 1500, Ghent died Sept. 21, 1558, San Jerónimo de Yuste, Spain Holy Roman emperor (1519-56) and king of Spain (as Charles I, 1516-56). Son of Philip I of Castile and grandson of Ferdinand V and Isabella I and of Emperor Maximilian I, he succeeded to his grandfathers' kingdoms on their deaths in 1516 and 1519, respectively. Important events of his reign include the Diet of Worms and the beginning of the Reformation; his defeat of Francis I, which assured Spanish supremacy in Italy (see Italian Wars); wars against Turkey under Süleyman I; the formation of the Schmalkaldic League; the Council of Trent; and the Peace of Augsburg. He struggled to hold his vast Spanish and Habsburg empire together against the growing forces of Protestantism, Turkish and French pressure, and even hostility from Pope Adrian VI. In 1555-56 Charles abdicated his claims to the Netherlands and Spain in favour of his son Philip II and the title of emperor to his brother Ferdinand I, and in 1557 he retired to a monastery in Spain. Swedish Karl born Nov. 24, 1655, Stockholm, Swed. died April 5, 1697, Stockholm King of Sweden (1660-97). At age five he succeeded his father, Charles X Gustav, and the kingdom was ruled under a regency of aristocrats until Charles came of age in 1672. The regents drew Sweden into the Dutch War (1672-78), but Charles took control of the armies and won favorable results for Sweden by the Treaties of Nijmegen, after which he maintained a foreign policy of neutrality. Within Sweden, Charles expanded royal power at the expense of the higher nobility and established an absolutist monarchy. Swedish Karl born June 17, 1682, Stockholm, Swed. died Nov. 30, 1718, Fredrikshald, Nor. King of Sweden (1697-1718). Son of Charles XI, he became absolute monarch at age
20 He defended his country for 18 years in the Second Northern War, gradually taking increased responsibility for planning and executing armed operations. He launched a disastrous invasion of Russia (1707-09) that resulted in the collapse of the Swedish armies and the loss of Sweden's status as a great power. Ruling early in the Enlightenment, he promoted significant domestic reforms. He was killed during an invasion of Norway. Swedish Karl born Nov. 8, 1622, Nyköping Castle, Swed. died Feb. 13, 1660, Göteborg King of Sweden (1809-18) and first king of the union of Sweden and Norway (1814-18). Second son of King Adolf Frederick (1710-71), he served as admiral of the fleet in the Russo-Swedish war. On the death of his brother Gustav III (1792), Charles became regent for his nephew Gustav IV. After the latter's deposition in 1809, Charles was elected king. He was prematurely aged and childless. In 1810 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte (later Charles XIV John) was named heir apparent; from then on, Charles was eclipsed by the crown prince. born Oct. 9, 1757, Versailles, France died Nov. 6, 1836, Gorizia, Friuli King of France (1824-30). Fifth son of the dauphin Louis, and grandson of Louis XV, until 1824 he was known as Charles-Philippe, count d'Artois. During the French Revolution he went into exile and became the leader of the émigré nobility. Returning to France in 1814, he led the ultras during the Bourbon Restoration. On the death of his brother Louis XVIII, Charles became king. His popularity waned as his reign became increasingly reactionary. After the July Revolution he was forced to abdicate in favour of Louis-Philippe. His reign dramatized the failure of the Bourbons to reconcile the tradition of the monarchy by divine right with the democratic spirit produced in the wake of the Revolution. Carolus Magnus Charles the Great Adams Charles Francis Addams Charles Samuel Atlas Charles Babbage Charles Barkley Charles Wade Charles Daly Barnet Bartlett Sir Frederic Charles Baudelaire Charles Pierre Beard Charles Austin Benchley Robert Charles Charles Edward Anderson Berry Charles Ferdinand de Bourbon Bessey Charles Edwin Best Charles Herbert Anthony Charles Lynton Blanc Jean Joseph Charles Louis Borromeo Saint Charles Boulle André Charles André Charles Boule Boyer Charles Brown Charles Brockden Charles Albert Browning Bukowski Charles Bulfinch Charles Burchfield Charles Ephraim Burney Charles Calmette Albert Léon Charles Calonne Charles Alexandre de Cange Charles du Fresne Lord du Carroll Charles Charles Lutwidge Dodgson Chamberlain Charles Joseph Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin Charles Albert Charles II Charles the Lame Charles of Anjou Charles the Bad Charles the Bald Charles III Charles the Simple Charles the Fat Charles IV Charles the Fair Charles of Luxembourg Charles IX Charles I Charles Robert of Anjou Charles Martel Carolus Martellus Charles the Hammer Charles River Charles the Bold Charles VI Charles the Mad Charles the Well Beloved Charles VII Charles VIII Charles V Charles the Wise Charles XI Charles XII Charles XIII Charles XIV John Charles X Charles X Gustav Charles Philip Arthur George prince of Wales Charles Ray Ray Charles Robinson Chauncy Charles Chesnutt Charles Waddell Charles Christian Clarke Arthur Charles Claudel Paul Louis Charles Marie Colman Ronald Charles Charles William Gordon Cooley Charles Horton Cornwallis Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess and 2nd Earl Coughlin Charles Edward Coulomb Charles Augustin de Cressent Charles Curtis Charles Gordon Dana Charles Anderson Darwin Charles Robert Daubigny Charles François Dawes Charles Gates de Colmar Charles Xavier Thomas de Gaulle Charles André Marie Joseph Demuth Charles Dibdin Charles Dickens Charles John Huffam Dilke Sir Charles Wentworth 2nd Baronet Doherty Peter Charles Draper Charles Stark Drew Charles Richard Duryea Charles Edgar and James Frank Eames Charles and Ray Eliot Charles William Erickson Arthur Charles Feininger Lyonel Charles Adrian Finley Charles Oscar Fourier François Marie Charles Fox Charles James Frémont John Charles Friml Charles Rudolf Fuller John Frederick Charles Gibson Charles Dana Goodyear Charles Gordon Charles George Goren Charles Henry Gosden Freeman Fisher and Correll Charles J. Gounod Charles François Greene Charles Sumner and Henry Mather Grey Charles Grey 2nd Earl Griffes Charles Tomlinson Guillemin Roger Charles Louis Hagen Walter Charles Hall Charles Martin Woodrow Charles Herman Charles Hardin Holley Houston Charles Hamilton Huggins Charles Brenton Hughes Charles Evans Charles Marie Georges Huysmans Charles Icle Ivanhoe Ives Ives Charles Edward Jackson Charles Thomas Charles Martin Jones Kettering Charles Franklin Kingsley Charles Kinsey Alfred Charles L'Enfant Pierre Charles Lamb Charles Lartigue Jacques Henri Charles Auguste Laughton Charles Le Brun Charles Charles Édouard Jeanneret Ray Charles Leonard Lindbergh Charles Augustus Loménie de Brienne Étienne Charles de Louis Charles Lovell Sir Alfred Charles Bernard Salvatore Lucania later Charles Luciano Lyell Sir Charles MacArthur Charles Gordon Mackintosh Charles Rennie Macready William Charles Manson Charles Mickey Charles Mantle Marsh Othniel Charles Massey Charles Vincent Maurras Charles Marie Photius McKim Charles Follen Merrill Charles Edward Messiaen Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Mills Charles Wright Mingus Charles Mitchum Robert Charles Duran Moley Raymond Charles Montalembert Charles Forbes René count de Morny Charles Auguste Louis Joseph duke de Musset Louis Charles Alfred de Parnell Charles Stewart Parsons Sir Charles Algernon Pathé Charles Peale Charles Willson Peirce Charles Sanders Perrault Charles Philipon Charles Pinckney Charles Pinckney Charles Cotesworth Post Charles William Power Charles Gavan Reade Charles Redford Jr. Charles Robert Roberts Sir Charles George Douglas Rockingham Charles Watson Wentworth 2nd marquess of James Charles Rodgers Gabriel Charles Dante Rossetti Roussel Albert Charles Paul Marie Russell Charles Taze Saint Léon Charles Victor Arthur Michel Saint Saë ns Charles Camille Sainte Beuve Charles Augustin Schulz Charles Schwab Charles Michael Scribner Charles Charles Scrivener Sheeler Charles Sherrington Sir Charles Scott Shrewsbury Charles Talbot duke and 12th earl of Siemens Sir Charles William Simic Charles Sismondi Jean Charles Léonard Simonde de Snow Charles Percy Spearman Charles Edward Stanhope Charles Stanhope 3rd Earl Steinmetz Charles Proteus Charles Dillon Stengel Stuart Gilbert Charles Sumner Charles Swinburne Algernon Charles Talleyrand Périgord Charles Maurice de Tocqueville Alexis Charles Henri Maurice Clérel de Townes Charles Hard Townshend of Rainham Charles Townshend 2nd Viscount Varèse Edgard Victor Achille Charles Venturi Robert Charles Vergennes Charles Gravier count de Weidman Charles Wilson Charles Thomson Rees Worth Charles Frederick Yanofsky Charles Charles Elwood Yeager Zola Émile Édouard Charles Antoine Charles Edward the Young Pretender Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir Stuart Lansdowne Henry Charles Keith Petty Fitzmaurice 5th marquess of Léopold Philippe Charles Albert Meinrad Hubertus Marie Miguel Montesquieu Charles Louis de Secondat baron de La Brède et de Napoléon François Charles Joseph Bonaparte Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte Northcliffe of Saint Peter Alfred Charles William Harmsworth Viscount. Spanish Carlos born Nov. 6, 1661, Madrid, Spain died Nov. 1, 1700, Madrid King of Spain (1665-1700), the last monarch of the Spanish Habsburg dynasty. Son of Philip IV and Maria Anna of Austria, he was slow-witted and became known as Charles the Mad. His reign opened with a 10-year regency under the queen mother. The first phase of his personal government was concerned with resistance to the French imperialism of Louis XIV, and the second was dominated by the succession problem, for it was clear that he would father no children. His death led to the War of the Spanish Succession. known as Charles the Bad born 1332 died Jan. 1, 1387 King of Navarra (1349-87). He acquired Normandy from John II of France by threatening an English alliance. Arrested for his treachery in 1356, he escaped a year later and regained Normandy. He pursued shifting alliances in Spain in an effort to expand Navarrese power. Charles V voided his claims in France, and the discovery of his plot to poison the French king cost him all of Normandy except Cherbourg. known as Charles the Bald born June 13, 823 died Oct. 6, 877, Brides-les-Bain, Fr. Carolingian king (843-77) and emperor (875-77). He was the son of the emperor Louis I and his second wife Judith. Louis's efforts to include Charles in the succession led to revolts against the emperor by his three older sons. After the death of Louis, Charles fought his two surviving half brothers in a bloody civil war (840-43) that was concluded with the Treaty of Verdun, which settled the terms of succession. Charles was granted the kingdom of the western Franks, which he ruled with the support of the bishops despite the wavering loyalties of his vassals and the attacks of Norsemen, Bretons, and Germans. In 864 he won control of Aquitaine, and in 870 he gained western Lorraine. He was crowned emperor in 875 but died two years later in the midst of invasion and internal revolt. Inspired by his grandfather, Charlemagne, Charles was a patron of the arts and oversaw the revival of the splendours of the Carolingian renaissance. known as Charles the Simple born Sept. 17, 879 died Oct. 7, 929, Péronne, France King of France (893-922). In 911 he ceded territory by treaty, in the area later known as Normandy, to the Vikings, to end their raids; their descendants became the Normans. The magnates of Lorraine (Lotharingia) accepted Charles's authority on the death of their last Carolingian king. His preoccupation with Lotharingian affairs alienated the French nobles, and in 922 they elected Robert I king in his stead. Spanish Carlos born Jan. 20, 1716, Madrid, Spain died Dec. 14, 1788, Madrid King of Spain (1759-88). Son of Philip V and Isabella Farnese, he was duke of Parma (1732-34) and king of Naples (as Charles VII, 1734-59) before becoming king of Spain. He was convinced of his mission to reform Spain and make it once more a first-rate power, but his foreign policy was not successful; Spain's losses in the Seven Years' War revealed naval and military weakness. He was more successful in strengthening his own empire; during his reign Spain undertook commercial reforms, made territorial adjustments in the interest of defense, and introduced a modern administrative system. One of the enlightened despots of the 18th century, he helped lead Spain to a brief cultural and economic revival. known as Charles the Fat born 839, Bavaria? [Germany] died Jan. 13, 888, Neidingen Frankish king and emperor (881-87). The great-grandson of Charlemagne, he inherited the kingdoms of Swabia (876) and Italy (879). Charles was crowned emperor by the pope in 881. He gained control of the eastern and western Frankish kingdoms on the deaths of their rulers, and by 885 he had reunited all of Charlemagne's empire except Provence. Chronically ill, he failed to attack the Saracens and used tribute to buy off Viking invaders. His nephew Arnulf led an uprising against him in 887, and his fall marked the final disintegration of the empire of Charlemagne. known as Charles the Fair born 1294 died Feb. 1, 1328, Vincennes, Fr. King of France and of Navarre (as Charles I) 1322-28. The last of the direct line of the Capetian dynasty, he took the throne on the death of his brother Philip V. His intrigues aimed at gaining the German throne and annexing Flanders were unsuccessful. He renewed war with England by invading Aquitaine and won a generous settlement in the peace of 1327
21 given name, male
22 a river in eastern Massachusetts that empties into Boston Harbor and that separates Cambridge from Boston French physicist and uathor of Charles's law which anticipated Gay-Lussac's law (1746-1823) the eldest son of Elizabeth II and heir to the English throne (born in 1948)
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